Hi, Beckyp-ga !
There are many links to German phone books online, but they all lead
to these primary sources:
The German telephone book is online at:
There is an slightly shaky English version - click on menu top left.
It gives addresses as well as phone numbers. Note that the street
number follows the street name, and "str" stands for "Strasse"
(street). The long string of numbers is the Zip Code.
Yellow Pages are also there
You will find Infospace's People Finder for Germany is at:
Sometimes additional information is listed. If you register you can
get an addressbook into which your search findings can be added. AOL
White Pages uses Infospace.
Another useful source is at:
This lists businesses but also allows you to search for firms which
include an individual name, such as "Bach" or "Hoffmann" - and it
gives addresses. So you may find someone here because they run
"Hoffmann's Hardware" even though their home number is not available.
Business listings are also available at:
Now for your second question:
During the French Revolution (1789 - 1795) and afterward, France
embarked on ambitious series of campaigns to seize power in Europe
while other European powers allied against her. France annexed Belgium
and Monaco in 1793. Mainz (in Germany) changed hands several times
over the years, among other events. Germany at the time was still made
up on a number of largely independent states such as Baden, ruled by
Margrave Karl IV Friedrich, Hanover - at that time in a personal union
with Great Britain - and the powerful Prussia. For details on these
and many others go to:
"In Germany, just as in other countries of continental Europe,
dissatisfaction with absolute rule, the outdated feudal structure of
society, with privileges favorizing the few over the mass, were
widespread. So news of the French revolution was welcomed by many,
especially among Germany's intellectuals.
Jacobinism found followers in Germany, especially in MAINZ .... where
a tree of liberty was planted on market square; Mainz, together with
the entire left bank of the Rhine, was annexed by France in 1795.
Southern Germany became theater of war 1795-1800. " (Note: from the
English, I think this passage has been translated.)
From 20 April 1792 to 17 Oct 1797 the First Coalition War against
France took place. A rough chronology as it affected Germany is below,
with sources following.
20 April 1792 - French Declaration of War against Kaiser Franz II. and
26 Jun 1792
First coalition between Prussia and Austria. Later joined by Britain,
Spain, Russia, the Netherlands, Naples, Tuscany, and others.
17-22 October 1792 - French Siege and Capture of Mainz (Palatinate),
31 March - 22 July 1793 - Allied Siege and Capture of Mainz
1793 Napoleon promoted first to Major, and then to General of
? 1794 Mainz re-captured by the French.
Sep-Oct 1794 Moreau advanced into the Rhineland. Despite a setback at
Kaiserslautern, by October he had made the allies cross the Upper
Rhine and had invested (sic) Mainz.
29 Nov 1794 Battle at Mainz.
12 August - 15 September 1795 - Neuwied (Koblenz), Germany
20 September 1795 - French Capture of Mannheim (Baden), Germany
18 October - 23 November 1795 - Austrian Siege and Capture of Mannheim
27 Oct 1795?
Napoleon becomes c-in-c of the Army of the Interior
29 October 1795 - French Siege and Allied Relief of Mainz
9 December 1797 - French Capture of Mainz (Palatinate), Germany
Simple clear details about individual battles including troop numbers
and losses , and commanders, are at:
So you can hardly blame people for wanting to emigrate to the States !
Information about immigrants to the USA can be found at:
Some information requires a subscription for access.
A range of genealogy links for Germany can be found at:
Thank you for an interesting question.
"Napoleon 1795 Mainz"
"Germany white pages"
"German states 1795"