Hello egabb-ga. Thanks for your clarification.
As an oceanographer, I should be able to do this with my eyes closed.
But I need to keep them open so I can type. Here's a list, taken from
my own knowledge of hydrosphere-atmosphere interactions:
1. The presence of large bodies of water act as a heat reservoir that
moderates the earth's climate.
2. The presence of currents in the ocean generally move heat from the
equator towards the poles, setting up patterns of climate activity.
3. The presence of dissolved carbon dioxide in the oceans can act as
both a source and a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide, and therefore
plays an important role in global warming.
4. The presence of water in the hydrosphere leads to water vapor in
the atmosphere, which in turn results in clouds and precipitation in
the form of rain, snow, hail, etc.
5. The presence of El Nino upwelling in the equatorial Pacific ocean
can impact the entire global climate system.
6. The cycle of precipitation and evaporation exchanges water between
the atmosphere and hydrosphere and in the process, desalinates the
water and purifies it of contaminants. There's a good picture of the
hydrologic cycle at this page from Purdue University:
7. Ocean-atmosphere dynamics in tropical regions can lead to huge
storms known as hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean, typhoons in the
western Pacific, cyclones in the Indian Ocean and willy-willies in
8. The presence of photsynthetic phytoplankton in the earth's early
seas contributed to the presence of our oxygen-containing atmosphere
that sustains life today.
There you go -- eight examples for eight bucks!
I think I've given you what you need. But if I've misinterpreted in
any way, just let me know through a Request for Clarification. I'm
always glad to help out.