Asked by: bakegoodz-ga
List Price: $2.00
19 Sep 2003 20:29 PDT
Expires: 19 Oct 2003 20:29 PDT
Question ID: 258430
Are painting's name underlined or hyphenated?
Answered By: mvguy-ga on 20 Sep 2003 13:21 PDT
Technically, this is a matter of style, not grammar. As such, there isn't necessarily one specific answer that's right or wrong. Some publications will handle it one way, other publications another. However, by far the most common way for names of paintings to be treated is to be set in italics. My main reference on this is the Chicago Manual of Style (section 7.154), 14th Edition, The University of Chicago Press. This is considered to be one of the most authoritative sources on matters of style. Unfortunately, the manual isn't available online. Other online style guides I have found also say to use italics. Here are some examples: Washington University Publications http://styleguide.wustl.edu/titles.html New York University http://www.nyu.edu/classes/copyXediting/class_style_manual.html University of Alabama http://style.ua.edu/esm_t.html If you do not have the ability to use italics, you may put the name of the painting in quotes. University of California at Davis http://www-styleguide.ucdavis.edu/C.html I hope this fully answers your question. Sincerely, Mvguy-ga Google search: "style guide" paintings ://www.google.com/search?hl=es&ie=UTF-8&oe=utf-8&q=%22style+guide%22+paintings&btnG=B%C3%BAsqueda+en+Google
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Better than expected answer for the price
From: pinkfreud-ga on 19 Sep 2003 20:56 PDT
The name of a painting should be italicized. If italics are not available, it should be underlined. "[Italicized]. Titles of published books, plays (of any length), long poems (usually poems that have been published as books), pamphlets, periodicals (including newspapers and magazines), works of classical literature (but not sacred writings), films, radio and television programs, ballets, operas, instrumental music (but not if identified simply by form, number and key), paintings, sculpture, and names of ships and aircraft are all [italicized] in the text." http://www.carleton.ca/~karmstro/term/MLAHB2_0.htm "You should include a photocopy of any work of art that you discuss in your paper. The proper form for this is to cut the photocopied image out and paste it onto another sheet of paper or to scan the image in by computer. Under the image you should have the following information: - the illustration or figure number that you have assigned it in the text. - artist's name, title underlined or italicized (not in quotation marks), and the date of the work. This information can either be included in the text at the time you discuss the work or be placed under the illustration or in a separate list of illustrations at the end of the paper. - source of illustration. This resembles footnote form: author, title of publication, place of publication, date and page or plate number. If from a periodical, just follow that form." http://www.presby.edu/writingcenter/guides/art1.html I do not understand what your reference to "hyphenated" means in this sense. If the name of a painting is a compound noun, it might be hyphenated.
From: read2live-ga on 20 Sep 2003 11:40 PDT
Hello, bakedgoodz, I think it might help us if you could explain why you think this is a matter of grammar. Much depends on why you want to know, how and where you intend to use the name of any paintings. Pink's answer is good, as a matter of citation style in an academic essay or paper, but you will find several other methods used, in text and on the Internet. The New York Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) site does use italics (as at <http://www.moma.org/collection/depts/paint_sculpt/highlights/index.html>), while the National Gallery in London prefers quotation marks (as seen on their current home page at <http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/> and throughout their site. Some sites, especially when using the title as a caption to a copy or thumbnail of a painting simply use a font size or style which is different to the name of the artist or other text; at <http://www.cacr.caltech.edu/~roy/vermeer/ych.html> the painting's title is in bold, while Global Gallery prefers a smaller font size <http://www.globalgallery.com/enlarge.asp?print=isi-k716>. At the Washington National Gallery of Art, you'll see a mix of styles used, as at <http://www.nga.gov/feature/vermeer/> where the poster shows a plain style (as opposed to the artist's name in bold), but the caption below uses italics. You should also be aware that underlining (a title) in a manuscript or typescript which is to be printed is an instruction to the printer that the underlined text should be italicized. It was commonly used before word processors became common-place and -scripts were written by hand or typed on a typewriter which did not have an italic face. Don't confuse that type of underlining with hyperlinks, as found on a web page. You'll find plenty of instances of italicized painting titles which are also underlined - taking you to an illustration of the painting. So, much depends on your purpose, the reason you are using the painting's title, and much depends on the usage expected of you. Unless you are writing an academic paper, in which case pink's advice may hold (possibly dependent on the citation style you are asked to use), it may be up to you or your institution or organization. If it really is up to you, it may not matter whihc style you use - but do be consistent throughout. Hope that's helpful, r2l
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