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Q: Cuban Missile Crisis from IR Perspectives ( Answered,   1 Comment )
Subject: Cuban Missile Crisis from IR Perspectives
Category: Relationships and Society > Politics
Asked by: akshatmehta-ga
List Price: $75.00
Posted: 15 Oct 2003 18:20 PDT
Expires: 14 Nov 2003 17:20 PST
Question ID: 266721
Cuban missile crisis from internatioanl political science
perspectives, namely, Realism, Communism, Institutionalism etc.

Request for Question Clarification by omniscientbeing-ga on 15 Oct 2003 23:25 PDT
akshatmehta-ga ,

Can you fill in the "etc." part of the Question somewhat? The more
precise you are in asking your Question, the happier you will be with
your Answer.

Google Answers Researcher
Subject: Re: Cuban Missile Crisis from IR Perspectives
Answered By: omniscientbeing-ga on 23 Oct 2003 17:09 PDT

Here I will present you with many quality resources offering different
perspectives on the Cuban Missile Crisis, including Realism, Communism
and Institutionalism.

The following link is to an article entitled, “Anatomy of a
Controversy.” From “The National Security Archive” of the George
Washington University:

[ ].

An excerpt:

“If the Cuban Missile Crisis was the most dangerous passage of the
Cold War, the most dangerous moment of the Cuban Missile Crisis was
the evening of Saturday, 27 October 1962, when the resolution of the
crisis—war or peace—appeared to hang in the balance. While Soviet
ships had not attempted to break the U.S naval blockade of Cuba,
Soviet nuclear missile bases remained on the island and were rapidly
becoming operational, and pressure on President Kennedy to order an
air strike or invasion was mounting, especially after an American l -2
reconnaissance plane was shot down over Cuba that Saturday afternoon
and its pilot killed.”

Here’s a different article from the same website, from a Communist
perspective, including the Soviet Union. It’s entitled, “Turning
History on Its Head”:

[ ].

An excerpt:

“For nearly forty years most American accounts of the Cuban Missile
Crisis of have left Cuba out of the story. With the blockbuster film
"Thirteen Days" the story now ignores the Soviet Union as well. The
film turns history on its head and drums into our heads exactly the
wrong lessons of the crisis.
    "Why do you think the Soviets put the missiles in Cuba?" I asked
my fourteen year-old daughter after she saw the film. "They were bad,"
she reasoned on the basis of what the film taught her. "They wanted to
hurt the United States." Yes, the United States as victim, an old
theme that justifies massive military build-ups.
    She could not learn from "Thirteen Days" that in October 1962 the
United States was waging a war against Cuba that involved several
assassination attempts against the Cuban leader, terrorist acts
against Cuban civilians, and sabotage of Cuban factories.[1] The
endgame of this low intensity conflict envisioned a U.S. invasion. Nor
would she have known from the film that the Kennedy Administration had
convinced the Soviet military that the United States was planning a
first strike against its superpower adversary by rapidly building up
U.S. strategic forces.”

Another article from the same site, titled “Annals of Blinksmanship”
[Reproduced with permission from SUMMER 1997 THE WILSON QUARTERLY,
Published by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, by
Thomas Blanton looks at the Crisis from several different

[ ].

The next link, from the same George Washington University website,
contains a thorough review of a book on the Crisis. The book is, “The
Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962.”:

[ ].

Here’s an excerpt:

“Three decades later, however, Soviets, Cubans, and Americans learned
how close the world had come to a nuclear conflagration. At a unique
conference held in Havana, Cuba, in January 1992—attended by former
Kennedy administration members, Soviet participants in the crisis, and
a Cuban delegation led by President Fidel Castro—Soviet General
Anatoly Gribkov informed participants that, in addition to their
intermediate-range ballistic missiles, the Soviets had deployed nine
tactical missiles in Cuba to be used against any U.S. invasion force.
Even more significant, General Gribkov stated that Soviet field
commanders in Cuba had the authority to fire those tactical nuclear
weapons without further direction from the Kremlin!(2)”

At the end of the page is a list of references.

The following link is to the official U.S. National Security Agency’s
webpage on the Cuban Missile Crisis, and offers many links to further

[ ].

From the same site, here is a length to the NSA’s “full length
synopsis” of the Crisis:

[ ].

The next link is to a comprehensive source of information on the
Crisis, that of Yale University’s dedicated website to studying the
aftermath of the Crisis:
The following link is also a real treasure trove of informational
links to the Crisis, from Bilkent University:

[ ].

Here is an example of the kind of articles and thesis’ you can find
there, from the siste, an article entitled, “Soviet Deception
in the Cuban Missile Crisis,” by James M. Hansen:

[ ].

Here is a long page of original documents (original sources0 relating
to the Crisis and the Bay of Pigs, from The Ruth C. Lawson Professor
of International Politics Mount Holyoke College, by Vincent Ferraro:

[ ].

Next is a link offering an in-depth Russian look into the Crisis:


The next webpage focuses specifically on the Crisis from a Cuban
perspective. It is from J.A. Sierra’s “History of Cuba” website, and
is the page devoted to the Crisis from Cuba’s view:

[ ].

The following link is to a webpage from the John F. Kennedy Library &
with contributions from: James Blight, Philip Brenner, Julia Sweig,
Svetlana Savranskaya, Graham Allison as moderator:

[ ].

Next is a link to an article focusing exclusively on the American
perspective of the Crisis, by Mike Selvester:

[ ].

An excerpt:

“The Cuban missile crisis, as perceived by the Americans, was an
attempt by the Soviet Union to change the balance of power in the Cold
War. The "missile gap" had been consistently growing in favor of the
United States, and this was painfully apparent to Chairman Kruschev
and an attempt to close the gap (at least in people's minds) had to be
made. This section will feature the American perspective on the

Here’s a link to Selvester’s Homepage on the Crisis:

[ ],

and here is a link to Selvester’s Soviet perspective on the Crisis:

[ ].

An excerpt:

“In western society, it is generally perceived that the Cuban Missile
Crisis was most directly caused by the Soviet Union rather than the
United States. However, is this notion justified? The United States
was in fact conducting its own form of Cold War expansion during the
very same period. Furthermore, it is thought by many historians that
the placement of missiles in the country of Cuba by the USSR was not a
means of aggression, but a means of protection. In this section, we
will explore a Soviet perspective of the reasons behind the Cuban
Missile Crisis and the general view of the events that occurred during
its time span.”

Here’s a link to Selvester’s “Timeline” of the Crisis page, which
offers a concise, chronological history of events leading up to the
Cuban Missile Crisis:

[ ].

Finally, here is a link to a JFK Library page offering a “Reading
List” of resources on the Cuban Missile Crisis, which is quite

[ ].

The following link is to a highly academic treatment of the crisis,
entitled, “Differentiation and Misunderstanding in the U.S.
Government: Political and Military Communications during the Cuban
Missile Crisis,” by MichaŽl Deinema & Loet Leydesdorff from the
Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR)
University of Amsterdam, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam,

[ ].

“Keywords: from the paper: “functional differentiation, social system,
Cuba, military, crisis, Cold War.”

The paper offers some treatment of a Realism view.

Google search strategy:


“Cuban missile crisis”:

“Cuban missile crisis Cuban perspective”:

“Cuban missile crisis Russian perspective”:

“Cuban missile crisis American perspective”:

“Cuban missile crisis realism”:

“Cuban missile crisis Communism”:

“Cuban missile crisis Institutionalism”:

“Bay of Pigs”:

Also, conduct all of the above searches substituting the word
“viewpoint” for “perspective.”

I hope this information is more than sufficient to assist you with
your project. Your Question was not very specific, so if for some
reason this Answer requires any explanation or elaboration, please
don’t hesitate to ask for Clarification.

Good luck on your project!


Google Answers Researcher
Subject: Re: Cuban Missile Crisis from IR Perspectives
From: politicalguru-ga on 24 Oct 2003 00:19 PDT
I think the client was not looking for information on how the
Russian/Cuab/American viewed the crisis, but how the "World System
Theory", "Realist Approach", "Institutionalists" and "Liberal
Approaches", "Game Theory" - etc. - would have analysed the event.

I recommend Allison and Zelikow's _Essence of Decision: Explaining the
Cuban Missile Crisis_ (Longman, 1991) for an analysis from several
different perspectives (realist - rational actor; organisational;
governmental analysis), integrated. Allison also wrote an article,
1969, that analyses the event from several perspectives: "Conceptual
Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis" [it could be found in Paul R.
Viotti and Mark V. Kauppi (1993) International Relations Theory:
Realism, Pluralism, Globalism, Second Edition, pp. 342-374. New York:
Macmillan Publishing Company. or Online from JSTOR: ]

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