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Q: History of Emergency Medical Technician Training in the university system ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   0 Comments )
Subject: History of Emergency Medical Technician Training in the university system
Category: Miscellaneous
Asked by: scbcmemb-ga
List Price: $35.00
Posted: 18 Nov 2003 00:48 PST
Expires: 18 Dec 2003 00:48 PST
Question ID: 276972
I am looking for information on this topic: Under what conditions and
when did Emergency Medical Technician Training become an "official"
topic of study in the United States' university systems?
Subject: Re: History of Emergency Medical Technician Training in the university system
Answered By: journalist-ga on 18 Nov 2003 01:47 PST
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
Greetings Scbcmemb:

The 1994 Release of the Emergency Medical Technician - Basic: National
Standard Curriculum may be viewed at

You may also access it from the links at


The comprehensive report titled "The Paramedics: An illustrated
history of paramedics in their first decade in the U.S.A." by James O.
Page beginning at also
offers a wealth of information on early training programs and
conditions that led to the formation of a curriculum.

Below are a few quotes from the report.  I urge you to read the entire
report as it covers, in detail, the history of paramedics.  There are
14 chapters in all.

"The late Dr. William J. Grace, who was director of Medicine at St.
Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center in New York City, is generally
credited with establishing the first MCCU in the United States. That
unit served a limited area of New York's Manhattan and responded from
St. Vincent's with a crew that included at least one resident

"...following enactment of legislation in 1974, the State Board of
Medical Examiners established some comprehensive training standards
for "Mobile Intensive Care Technicians (MICTs)." The education
required for the new standards went beyond the earlier training of the
Haywood County volunteers, which had concentrated on handling cardiac
emergencies. Most of the original volunteers went back into training."

"On April 9, 1976, 19 of America's first paramedics--trained to a
higher level of performance and certified under one of the most
exacting programs to in the United States--were officially certified
as North Carolina MICTs."

"The training program was launched in October 1967. Forty-four blacks,
ranging in age from 18 to 60, comprised the first two groups of
trainees. Nearly half of the trainees had not completed high school
and all were without any prospect of steady employment.  Although the
trainees would serve in a BLS role, their course of instruction was
exacting, going beyond any standards or requirements in existence at
the time. About 300 hours of classroom and clinical work was followed
by nine months of physician-supervised training aboard ambulances."


See also "A National Standard Curriculum for training EMTs was
developed in the US in the early 1970s"
From "A Brief History of Prehospital Care" at


Should you require clarification of any of the links I have provided,
please request it before rating and closing this question and I will
be happy to respond.

Best regards,


first "national standard curriculum" paramedic
history of paramedics
history of paramedic curriculum
first paramedic curriculum
Emergency Medical Technician National Standard Curriculum

Request for Answer Clarification by scbcmemb-ga on 20 Nov 2003 12:38 PST
Thank you for your research. This request is by no means a complaint
but, are there any more sources that I might reference?

Clarification of Answer by journalist-ga on 21 Nov 2003 08:12 PST
The National Standard Curriculum link is from the main source but I
did see other college curriculums (more recent) in my searches.  Are
you looking for that type of reference and/or additional history of
paramedics?  I thought Mr. Page's accounting of the history was very
comprehensive.  Were there other areas of the history that you wanted
me to research further?  All direction is appreciated.  :)

Best regards,

Request for Answer Clarification by scbcmemb-ga on 21 Nov 2003 13:11 PST
I in no way meant to imply that the information that you have provided
wasn't enough. You are right in your statement regarding Mr. Page's
book. I have recently found out that his writing is 99.9% accurate in
exactly how the Emergency Services started. Apparently, only some
names were changed. All of the information that you have provided is
precisely what I was looking for. I was just wondering if there were
any additional sources you may have found that I could reference.

Clarification of Answer by journalist-ga on 22 Nov 2003 04:59 PST
I'm delighted you are pleased with my research so far and thanks for
the words of encouragement.  :)  Let me redefine my search terms to
see what else I can uncover.  I did a few searches after your first
clarification but didn't find what I deemed new or different
comprehensive information on the topic (but sometimes I'll get stuck
on one way to search and not notice other search options until later).
 I appreciate your continued patience.

Best regards,

Clarification of Answer by journalist-ga on 30 Nov 2003 19:27 PST
I've not forgotten you, Scbcmemb; it's just been a bit hectic during
the recent holiday week.  I hope your Thanksgiving was a bit calmer
than mine and I appreciate your continued patience.  :)  Be assured
I'll get back on this very soon.

Best regards,

Request for Answer Clarification by scbcmemb-ga on 30 Nov 2003 21:58 PST
Actually, I was able to get some help from the librarian in town.
There wasn't much she could do but it did point me in the right
direction. Thank you very much for all of your efforts. I will go
ahead and close out the question (if I can figure out how). You have
been most kind.
Sincerely, scbcmemb
scbcmemb-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $5.00
Was right on point with very first response. Wonderful experience.

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