I've located a few references that I believe will assist your research.
Satellite Obsevations of the Ocean: A View from the Research Community
by Dr. Michael Frielich of the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric
Sciences, Oregon State University
"However, not only do climate models currently have serious
shortcomings that limit their predictive capability, but a major
unanswered question is the degree to which climate is actually
predictable. Determining the predictability of climate means, in
essence, being able to associate an uncertainty with any climate
prediction. This uncertainty can arise from many different sources:
chaotic behavior, natural variability, inexact initial conditions, and
modeling approximations. Fundamental issues such as chaos in fluid
systems and inadequate understanding of basic processes, together with
practical issues such as model fidelity and computational capacity,
challenge our ability to predict and explain climate on a wide variety
of time and space scales."
From MIT at http://web.mit.edu/cgcs/www/cmi.html
Please examine the entire paper.
From "Cooperative Ocean Observing Experiment"
"The need for a comprehensive program to collect ocean-information is
clearly stated in the succession of reports into Australia's oceanic
environment, marine resource needs and the multi-use management of our
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). These include -
At what Price Data? 1993 (National Committee on Coastal and Ocean
Engineering of the Institution of Engineers)
The Ocean Outlook Congress (1994)
The Marine Industry Development Strategy, 1997 (Australian Marine
Industries and Sciences Council )
Australia's Oceans Policy 1998, which identified the Australian Ocean
Observing System as a key issue
The draft Marine Science and Technology Plan, 1998 (Department of
Industry, Science and Resources)"
"An effective and efficient system for collecting, analysing and
disseminating information on Australia's coastline, EEZ and adjacent
oceans is fundamental to decision-making; industry development;
resource and marine management; coastal, ocean and climate forecasts;
and to the overall strength of the ocean data base."
Progress in Ocean Data Collection by Worth D. Nowlin, Jr.,Texas A&M University,
Dr. Donald L. Durham Symposium, 4 June 2003
Integrating and Modernizing Global Ocean Data and Servicesfor the
Benefit of the Maritime Community THE JOINT WMO/IOC TECHNICAL
COMMISSION FOR OCEANOGRAPHY AND MARINE METEOROLOGY (JCOMM)WMOIOC
"The parent bodies for JCOMM ? WMO and IOC(of UNESCO) ? have assigned
responsibility to the Commission for matters relating to: 'The further
development of the observing networks in the world?s oceans and
seas,including the development, coordination, maintenance and ongoing
evaluation and improvement of global marine meteorological and
oceanographic observing systems...to improve their quality.'"
"Marine biological processes play a large role in ocean carbon cycle
dynamics, but they have been incorporated only recently into climate
models. The inherent difficulties of mathematically describing their
spatial and temporal effects have been a challenge. As a result of
inadequate modeling of these processes, climate scientists have not
been able to study the influences of marine biology and feedback
responses to them. They have not known how the processes would affect
the ocean carbon cycle."
Testimony of Dr. William T. Hogarth,
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
Assistant Administrator for Fisheries,
Before the President?s Commission on Ocean Policy
January 15, 2002
" I agree wholeheartedly that we need a much larger and better-funded
ocean data collection system that allows us to determine the status of
these remaining unknowns, especially as we strive to implement
Data Harvesting and Hoarding
This report "addresses the problems presented by high-volume,
interactive, ocean-data collection"
"Better ocean-observing systems are required for climate research,
since the development of new models for climate change depend on more
complete and more accurate data being collected in real-enough time.
Present ocean observations are not designed for collecting the
required data over all the ocean?s important regions and are generally
time-limited, so can not provide the continual data "
Economics of a US Integrated Ocean Observing System, prepared by Hauke
Kite-Powell, Charles Colgan and Rodney Weiher
"The United States has long made significant investments in ocean
research, monitoring and forecasting. Nonetheless, ocean phenomena
remain under observed compared to observations of atmospheric
conditions, and there has been little high-level coordination of ocean
data collection. Observations from ships and buoys are sparse
compared to onshore environmental monitoring, and satellite data are
pervasive but not comprehensive. Large expanses of the oceans remain
unobserved, by ship or satellite, for substantial periods of time."
"Recognizing these facts and further recognizing that marine forecast-
ing is being altered by rapidly changing technology such as
supercomputers and satellite-borne remote sensing systems, the
National Research Council under its Marine Board commissioned a
committee to undertake an inter disciplinary assessment of the needs
and benefits to be realized by improving ocean data collection and
forecasting...The need for new systems for forecasting internal ocean
weather exists...Improved nowcasts and forecasts of internal ocean
weather and related boundary processes are becoming practicable. The
technology is feasible and recent advances in scientific understanding
have made timely prediction realistic and accomplishable...Better
knowledge is needed of "bomb" storms and rogue waves."
Testimony of Dr. James R. Luyten, Director of Research, Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institution before the Resources Subcommittee on
Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and Oceans and the Armed Services
Subcommittee on Research and Development - U. S. House of
Representatives, Committee on Resources, 25 May, 2000 @ 10:00 am
"Even with frequent and relatively high-resolution satellite
observations to knit them together, making in situ observations dense
enough to observe coherently all the processes of climate variability
is not practicable. The success of this depends, therefore, on recent
significant improvements to data assimilation techniques and the
models upon which they are based. These techniques will become
substantially more effective as more powerful computers become
Should you require any clarification of the resources I have provided,
please request it before rating my efforts and I will be happy to
"ocean data collection" weather prediction
"ocean data collection" inadequate
"ocean data collection" better
"ocean data collection" modernizing
"ocean data collection" improving
Special thanks to my colleague, Tutuzdad-ga, for his enlightenment on this topic.