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Q: human rights abuses in aceh, indonesia ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Question  
Subject: human rights abuses in aceh, indonesia
Category: Relationships and Society
Asked by: curiousmarsha-ga
List Price: $10.00
Posted: 09 Jan 2004 14:53 PST
Expires: 08 Feb 2004 14:53 PST
Question ID: 294880
What is the connection between Exxon/Mobile and human rights abuses in
Aceh, Indonesia.  I need current (2003) information from reputable
sources, please.

Request for Question Clarification by pafalafa-ga on 10 Jan 2004 06:00 PST
In a nutshell, some Achenese claim that they were severely mistreated
by Indonesian soldiers who were contracted by Exxon/Mobil to guard
their operations in Aceh.  The Achenese have brought suit against
Exxon/Mobil in US court under the Alien Tort Claims Act...I believe
the suit is currently pending before the court.

Beyond that brief description, what sort of details/information are
you seeking, and what/whom do you consier to be reputable sources?

Clarification of Question by curiousmarsha-ga on 11 Jan 2004 11:18 PST
A reputable source would be something like Time magazine, an
independent journalist, human rights watch organizations in other
words, not someone with solely a personal opinion.  I am able to find
information, but it seems to stop in 2001.

If there is current evidence that Exxon/Mobile is providing huge
monetary amounts to the current repressive government that indulges in
torture, murder and kidnapping, I would like to be able to access this
information.  Notice I emphasize current meaning 2003.  Thank you.

What is the Alien Tort Claims Act?

Request for Question Clarification by pafalafa-ga on 11 Jan 2004 11:45 PST
Take a look at the site of the stopexxonmobil campaign:

http://www.pacificenvironment.org/stopexxonmobil/publications.html

Of particular interest would be the link to the publication
'ExxonMobil's Human Rights Record" which you can click on at this
site.  It has a brief, but fairly up-to-date write up on the situation
in Aceh.

There are also links on this site to additional resources regarding Aceh.

Let me know if this information is helpful.

Clarification of Question by curiousmarsha-ga on 11 Jan 2004 15:47 PST
This is the exact information I am seeking.  I would like to know what
the Alien Tort Claims Act is that you mention.  If there are other
sources, I would appreciate them as well.

Thank you so much.
Answer  
Subject: Re: human rights abuses in aceh, indonesia
Answered By: pafalafa-ga on 11 Jan 2004 16:39 PST
 
Hello Marsha, and thanks for getting back to me.

Here are a few additional sites with useful (and relatively recent)
information on the situation in Aceh:


==========

http://www.globalpolicy.org/wtc/analysis/2002/1000exxon.htm

US Asks US Court to Stop Human Rights Suit by Indonesian Villagers
Against Exxon Mobil for Counterterrorism Purposes
October, 2002

On July 29, 2002, the US Department of State told a US District Court
that an international human rights suit against the Exxon Mobil
Corporation could undermine the war on terrorism. n1

The International Labor Rights Fund filed the lawsuit last year on
behalf of eleven villagers in the Indonesian province of Aceh. They
allege that Exxon, which operates a huge natural gas field in the
province, paid and directed Indonesian security forces that committed
murder, torture and rape in the course of protecting Exxon's
operations in the 1990s. The complaint alleges that the villagers have
been subjected to "serious human rights abuses, including genocide,
murder, torture, crimes against humanity, sexual violence, and
kidnapping in violation of the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), 28 U.S.C.
 1350, the Torture Victims Protection Act (TVPA), 28 U.S.C.  1350
(note), international human rights law, and the statutory and common
tort law of the District of Columbia." n2 Exxon has adamantly denied
the charges.

==========

Here's a link to the website of the International Labor Rights Fund,
the group that filed the lawsuit against ExxonMobil:

http://www.laborrights.org/

On the left hand side of the page is some clickable text, "Current
Projects"  Clicking on this takes you to more clickable text under the
category of "Corporate Labor Rights Abuses".  One of these is:

"Exxon/Mobil Abuses in Aceh, Indonesia".

If you click on this, you will be taken to a page where you can access
loads of information on the situation in Aceh, including State
Department documents, and the actual complaint filed in U.S. court.

===========

The laborrights.org main page also includes a link to:

"The Alien Tort Claims Act - A Vital Tool for Preventing Corporations
from Violating Fundamental Human Rights"

This is a very detailed (50+ pages) explanation of this law, which, in
a nutshell, is one of a handful of U.S. laws that allows suits to
brought against companies for actions taken outside the usual legal
jurisdiction of the United States -- that is, groups can bring suit in
the U.S. against a U.S. company for its actions in other countries
such as Indonesia.

==========

I hope this answer provides you the information you were seeking.  If
anything here is unclear, or if you need additional information, just
let me know by posting a Request for Clarification, and I'll be happy
to assist you further.
           

 
pafalafa-ga


search strategy -- Google search on: Exxon aceh

Request for Answer Clarification by curiousmarsha-ga on 11 Jan 2004 16:51 PST
Just one more thing.  In connection with the first site on
Exxon/Mobile's human rights record, the article refers to "we", and
the we is defined as human rights groups that have banded together. 
Is there any way to discover who these groups are individually?

Clarification of Answer by pafalafa-ga on 11 Jan 2004 17:29 PST
Glad to be of assistance.

The Stop Exxon/Mobil campaign has an information page here:


http://www.pacificenvironment.org/stopexxonmobil/about.html 

that links to a list of celebrities that endorse the organization, as
well as the groups that comprise the campaign's members.  These are:

Alliance for Democracy: www.thealliancefordemocracy.org 
Amnesty International USA: www.amnesty-usa.org 
Free the Planet: www.freetheplanet.org 
Greenpeace: www.greenpeaceusa.org 
International Labor Rights Fund: www.laborrights.org 
Institute for Policy Studies: www.seen.org 
PressurePoint: www.pressurepoint.org 
Pacific Environment: www.pacificenvironment.org 
Refinery Reform Campaign: www.refineryreform.org 
Students for a Free Tibet: www.tibet.org/sft/ 
U.S. PIRG: www.uspirg.org 
Uproar: www.uproarnow.org 


Thanks for asking an interesting and meaningful question.

pafalafa-ga
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