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Q: translate English into Latin ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   1 Comment )
Question  
Subject: translate English into Latin
Category: Reference, Education and News > General Reference
Asked by: linnaeus-ga
List Price: $5.00
Posted: 15 Jan 2004 06:18 PST
Expires: 14 Feb 2004 06:18 PST
Question ID: 296737
"The genus is equivalent to a surname and is always capitalized.  The
species is the first name and is typed in lower case."
Answer  
Subject: Re: translate English into Latin
Answered By: hlabadie-ga on 15 Jan 2004 14:44 PST
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
 
A literal but poor translation:

Genus par cognomini et semper uncialis est.  Species praenomen et in
casus inferiore scribitur.


(The genus <is> equal to the last name and is always capital. The
species <is> the first name and is written in lower case.)

uncialis is post classical from Jerome's uncialiae litterae (inch-high
letters). inferiore implies below positionally or in status.

Better: (words in angle brackets are optional)

Genus par cognomini <et> semper <cum> littera maiore; species
praenomen <et> cum litterulis scribitur.

Est (sum, esse - it is) is not really necessary, being understood in Latin.

genus - 3rd declension singular nominative - genus, generis - race,
lineage, descent
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2319478

par, partis - adj. 3rd dec. - agrees with genus, takes the dative of
comparison - equal to
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2333742

cognomini - 3rd dec. sing. dat. - cognomen, cognominis - case
determined by par - last name in the Roman order of names, praenomen
(first name) nomen (clan name) cognomen (last name, often given as a
punning nickname or as a title)
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%238931

et - conjunction, indeclinable - and (probably not necessary)
semper - adverb, indeclinable - ever, always
cum - preposition, indeclinable - with (cum is optional in the first
instance, because littera is modified by maior) - takes the ablative
of manner

littera - 1st dec. sing. abl. -  littera, litterae - letter
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2326830

maiore - adj. 3rd dec. sing. abl., modifies and agrees with littera
-irregular - maior, maius - comparative of magnus, a, um - greater
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2327650

species - 5th dec. sing. nom. - species, speciei - type
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2344914

praenomen - 3rd dec. sing. nom. - agrees with species by apposition - first name
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2337793

litterulis - 1st dec. abl. pl. - ablative of manner (cum is required
because litterulis is not modified)  - litterula, litterulae - small
letters
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2326843

scribitur - 2nd conjugation 3rd person singular present passive -
agrees with its subject, species - scribo, scribere - it is written
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2343093


Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges (eds.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge)
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0001

PART SECOND?SYNTAX: CONSTRUCTION OF CASES: ABLATIVE CASE
USES OF THE ABLATIVE AS INSTRUMENTAL
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0001&query=head%3D%23280

"Ablative of Manner

412. The Manner of an action is denoted by the Ablative; usually with
cum, unless a limiting adjective is used with the noun:"


Perseus Word Study Tool
Morphological Analyses for Inflected Latin Words
http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/morphindex?lang=la

SEARCH TERMS

Used Perseus site <http://www.perseus.tufts.edu> and Chicago mirror site.

hlabadie-ga
linnaeus-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $5.00
Thanks for your quick and complete reply!!

Comments  
Subject: Re: translate English into Latin
From: hlabadie-ga on 15 Jan 2004 18:07 PST
 
Thanks for the tip and the rating.

hlabadie-ga

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