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Q: translate English into Latin ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   1 Comment )
Subject: translate English into Latin
Category: Reference, Education and News > General Reference
Asked by: linnaeus-ga
List Price: $5.00
Posted: 15 Jan 2004 06:18 PST
Expires: 14 Feb 2004 06:18 PST
Question ID: 296737
"The genus is equivalent to a surname and is always capitalized.  The
species is the first name and is typed in lower case."
Subject: Re: translate English into Latin
Answered By: hlabadie-ga on 15 Jan 2004 14:44 PST
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
A literal but poor translation:

Genus par cognomini et semper uncialis est.  Species praenomen et in
casus inferiore scribitur.

(The genus <is> equal to the last name and is always capital. The
species <is> the first name and is written in lower case.)

uncialis is post classical from Jerome's uncialiae litterae (inch-high
letters). inferiore implies below positionally or in status.

Better: (words in angle brackets are optional)

Genus par cognomini <et> semper <cum> littera maiore; species
praenomen <et> cum litterulis scribitur.

Est (sum, esse - it is) is not really necessary, being understood in Latin.

genus - 3rd declension singular nominative - genus, generis - race,
lineage, descent

par, partis - adj. 3rd dec. - agrees with genus, takes the dative of
comparison - equal to

cognomini - 3rd dec. sing. dat. - cognomen, cognominis - case
determined by par - last name in the Roman order of names, praenomen
(first name) nomen (clan name) cognomen (last name, often given as a
punning nickname or as a title)

et - conjunction, indeclinable - and (probably not necessary)
semper - adverb, indeclinable - ever, always
cum - preposition, indeclinable - with (cum is optional in the first
instance, because littera is modified by maior) - takes the ablative
of manner

littera - 1st dec. sing. abl. -  littera, litterae - letter

maiore - adj. 3rd dec. sing. abl., modifies and agrees with littera
-irregular - maior, maius - comparative of magnus, a, um - greater

species - 5th dec. sing. nom. - species, speciei - type

praenomen - 3rd dec. sing. nom. - agrees with species by apposition - first name

litterulis - 1st dec. abl. pl. - ablative of manner (cum is required
because litterulis is not modified)  - litterula, litterulae - small

scribitur - 2nd conjugation 3rd person singular present passive -
agrees with its subject, species - scribo, scribere - it is written

Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges (eds.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, A. A. Howard, Benj. L. D'Ooge)


"Ablative of Manner

412. The Manner of an action is denoted by the Ablative; usually with
cum, unless a limiting adjective is used with the noun:"

Perseus Word Study Tool
Morphological Analyses for Inflected Latin Words


Used Perseus site <> and Chicago mirror site.

linnaeus-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $5.00
Thanks for your quick and complete reply!!

Subject: Re: translate English into Latin
From: hlabadie-ga on 15 Jan 2004 18:07 PST
Thanks for the tip and the rating.


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