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Q: Visual Communications / Iconography ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Subject: Visual Communications / Iconography
Category: Science > Social Sciences
Asked by: sosobob-ga
List Price: $200.00
Posted: 31 Jan 2004 12:13 PST
Expires: 01 Mar 2004 12:13 PST
Question ID: 302201
I am seeking information and research done on "Communication through
Visual Iconographics".  Specifically, I am interested in studies that
have conducted cased studies and have identified the principles of
universally recognizable graphic icons (i.e., graphics and pictures
that communicate across cultures, languages).
Subject: Re: Visual Communications / Iconography
Answered By: darrel-ga on 31 Jan 2004 19:39 PST
Hello sosobob--

I have carefully considered your question, researched your request,
and have your answer.

To conduct this research, I made sure I understood exactly what you
were referring to by visual iconographics and visual iconography. I
had heard this term used once before and researching this subject was
very interesting to me.

First, I conducted a Google search for the following terms: "visual iconography"

You may view the results of my search online. The link is

Once I thoroughly understood that visual iconography is defined as
"The set of symbols and allusions that gives meaning to a complex work
of art," I was able to go to work on your request.

By the way, if you happen to need the definition of this term, you may
view it online. The link is

To look for information, research, studies, and white papers written
on this subject, I conducted a search of a variety of study and white
paper databases I have access to. For your information, my favorite
database to use with this regard is the EBSCO Host Research Database.
You may access this database online, but need a user name and password
to search the database. The link to this database is

I conducted a thorough bibliography search for you and have found
many, many sources for you. I will list each source below. You may
view the full text of most of these papers online. However, this link
will only be available to you for seven days. (Let me know if you have
any problems with it.) The link is

Another point of note: Not all of these sources provided links to me
for the full text of these papers. So on the above site, you will only
find the full text of most of the articles - not all. If you need help
locating the full text of articles that aren't listed on the site,
please let me know and I can point you in the right direction.

Title: A taxonomy of images. 
Source: Science News; 03/01/97, Vol. 151 Issue 9, pS6, 1/2p, 2bw 
Document Type: Article 
Subject(s): INTERNATIONAL Center of Photography (New York, N.Y.) -- Exhibitions
PHOTOGRAPHY -- Exhibitions 

Virtual connections: representation and commercial qualitative
research. By: Mark Thorpe. Qualitative Market Research: An
International Journal, 2003, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p184, 10p; (AN 10245297)

INVENTION OF HYSTERIA: Charcot and the Photographic Iconography of
Saltpêtiére (Book). By: Gold, Sarah F.; Chenoweth, Emily; Zaleski,
Jeff. Publishers Weekly, 6/9/2003, Vol. 250 Issue 23, p48, 2p; (AN

Good things come in small packages. By: Cameron, Amy. Maclean's,
5/26/2003, Vol. 116 Issue 21, p59, 1/3p; (AN 9810375)

Modern iconography. By: Peters, Michael. Brand Strategy, Mar2003 Issue
169, p31, 1p; (AN 9304629)

Being on the Map: The New Iconographies of Power over European Space.
By: Jensen, Ole B.; Richardson, Tim. International Planning Studies,
Feb2003, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p9, 26p; (AN 9427883)
References (51)

Geometric Method and Generalized Linear Models. Two Opposite
Multiparametric Approaches Illustrated on a Sample of Pituitary
Adenomas. By: Lesty, Claude; Pleau-Varet, Jocelyne; Kujas, Michèle.
Journal of Applied Statistics, Feb2004, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p191, 23p;
(AN 11762926)

Monumental Europe: The National Years. On the Iconography of European
Capital Cities. By: Therborn, Göran. Housing, Theory & Society,
Mar2002, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p26, 22p; DOI: 10.1080/140360902317417976;
(AN 6687642)

TRUSTe Aims To Develop Widely Recognized Privacy Symbols. Direct
Marketing, Sep2001, Vol. 64 Issue 5, p21, 1p; (AN 5317236)

Exhibitions. By: Hart, Sara; Russell, James S.. Architectural Record,
Jul2001, Vol. 189 Issue 7, p67, 3p, 4c; (AN 4861852)

Visual typology: an Ottonian example. By: Hughes, Christopher. Word &
Image, Jul-Sep2001, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p185, 14p, 7bw; (AN 5880914)

Neo-Iconography and artists' creative freedom By: Putu Wirata. Jakarta
Post (Indonesia), 10/26/2000; (AN 2W82000200010261725)

Unfocused altruism: The impact of iconography on charitable activity.
By: Mitschow, Mark C.. Journal of Business Ethics, Jan2000 Part 1,
Vol. 23 Issue 1, p73, 10p; (AN 2828899)

A portrait of the artist. (cover story) Economist, 12/31/99, Vol. 353
Issue 8151, Millennium issue p109, 1/2p, 4c; (AN 2623266)

Ancestral Images (Book Review). By: Berman, Judith C.. American
Anthropologist, Dec99, Vol. 101 Issue 4, p865, 2p; (AN 2973784)

Operation Iconography. Time, 04/19/99, Vol. 153 Issue 15, p19, 1/2p,
8c; (AN 1720798)

Are you a sartorially challenged chief? By: Coleman, Ronny J.. Fire
Chief, Jun97, Vol. 41 Issue 6, p33, 2p, 1bw; (AN 8864784)

Toward an Iconography of American labor: Work, workers and the work
ethic in American art, 1930-1945. By: Doss, Erika. Design Issues,
Spring97, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p53, 14p, 9bw; (AN 80068)

Iconography. By: B.E.. Brandweek, 8/19/96, Vol. 37 Issue 33, p17, 2p,
1 chart, 1c; (AN 9608281357)

It's icon time again, as Coke and Bud bring out their best. (cover
story) By: Prince, Greg W.. Beverage World, 11/30/95 Periscope, Vol.
114 Issue 1604, p1, 2p, 5c; (AN 9605230481)

Radio Shack readies brand I.D. overhaul. By: Rosner, Hillary;
Comiteau, Jennifer. Brandweek, 8/7/95, Vol. 36 Issue 31, p1, 2p; (AN

Entel's iconography. By: Linn, Charles. Architectural Record, Aug95
Lighting, Vol. 183 Issue 8, p30, 2p, 2 diagrams, 1c; (AN 9509145084)

Power to the peephole. By: Corliss, Richard; Bland, Elizabeth. Time
Australia, 5/29/95 Issue 21, p86, 2p; (AN 9506275848)

Coca-Cola trots out 26 new spots leveraging `classic iconography'. By:
Jabbonsky, Larry. Beverage World, 2/28/94, Vol. 113 Issue 1561, p1,
2p, 2c; (AN 9412141854)

Iconography. By: Lippert, Barbara. Adweek Western Edition, 2/14/94,
Vol. 44 Issue 7, p48, 1p, 3c, 1bw; (AN 9409260760)

Come, let me offend you. By: Drobot, Eve. Newsweek, 9/28/92, Vol. 120
Issue 13, p8, 1p, 1c; (AN 9209280377)

Bush iconography. By: Nathan, P.. Publishers Weekly, 4/6/92, Vol. 239
Issue 17, p32, 1/3p; (AN 9204200352)

Iconography and collective memory: Lincoln's image in the American
mind. By: Schwartz, Barry. Sociological Quarterly, 1991, Vol. 32 Issue
3, p301, 20p, 1 chart, 4bw; (AN 9611070133)

The ideology and iconography of May Day illustrations in Germany. By:
Guttsman, Willi. Labour History Review, Spring90, Vol. 55 Issue 1,
p12, 2p; (AN 5832840)

Iconography of 'The Tale of Genji' (Book). By: Hausman, Patrica R..
Library Journal, 05/01/84, Vol. 109 Issue 8, p892, 1/9p; (AN 7550243)

The Symbolism of the Biblical World (Book). By: Ritter, R. Vernon.
Library Journal, 10/1/78, Vol. 103 Issue 17, p1993, 1/9p; (AN 5950596)

Lineages of the Absolutist State; Anderson, P.; 1974. Document Type:
Book Citation; (AN GEECCCA) [Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
Vienna. Legend and Reality; Barea, I.; 1992. Document Type: Book
Citation; (AN GEECCCB) [Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
London 2000 years of a city and its people; Barker, F.; Jackson, P.;
1974. Document Type: Book Citation; (AN GEECCCC) [Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
The Feudal Kingdom of England; Barlow, F.; 1995 (4th edition).
Document Type: Book Citation; (AN GEECCCD) [Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
Paris -- Hauptstadt des 19. Jahrhun-derts; Benjamin, W. idem
Illuminationen; 1969. Document Type: Book Citation; (AN GEECCCE)
[Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
European Architecture 1750-1890; Bergdoll, B.; 2000. Document Type:
Book Citation; (AN GEECCCF) [Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
Legitimering och förändringspropaganda. monumentpolitik i Rom
18701895; Berggren, L.; Sjöstedt, L. Kulturarvet i antikvarisk teori
och praktik; 1993. Document Type: Book Citation; (AN GEECCCG)
[Citation Record]
Times Cited (1) 
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air; Berman, M.; 1983. Document Type:
Book Citation; (AN GEECCCH) [Citation Record]
Absolutism and the Rhetoric of Topography. Streets in the Rome of
Sixtus V; Burroughs, C. Streets. Critical Perspectives on Public
Space; 1994. Edited by: Celik, Z.. Document Type: Book Citation; (AN
GEECCDC) [Citation Record]

ADVERTISING MEMORABILIA: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. By: Motley,
Carol M.; Henderson, Geraldine R.; Baker, Stacey Menzel. Journal of
Advertising, Spring2003, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p47, 11p; (AN 9565621)

Memories in the Making: The Shapes of Things That Went. By:
Wagner-Pacifici, Robin. Qualitative Sociology, Fall96, Vol. 19 Issue
3, p301, 21p; (AN 10954891)

Family Pictures: Maus, Mourning, and Post-Memory; Hirsch, M.
Discourse: Theoretical Studies in Media and Culture; 1992 Vol. 2,
p3-29, 27p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN
DTSMC.B.C.HIRSCH.FPMMPM) [Citation Record]

Generations and collective memories; Schuman, H.; Scott, J. American
Sociological Review; 1989 Vol. 54, p359-381, 23p. Document Type:
Article Citation; (AN ASR.ED.CEI.SCHUMAN.GCM) [Citation Record]

The Social Context of Commemoration: A Study in Collective Memory;
Schwartz, Barry Social Forces; 1982 Vol. 61, p374-402, 29p. Document
Type: Article Citation; (AN SF.FA.CGD.SCHWARTZ.SCCSCM) [Citation

Reading the past against the grain: the shape of memory studies;
Zelizer, B. Crit. Stud Mass. Commun.; 1995 Vol. 12 Issue June,
p214-239, 26p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN

The Death of Memory and the Memory of Death: Masada and the Holocaust
as Historical Metaphors; Zerubavel, Y. ; 1993. Document Type: Meeting
Citation; (AN HBIJHCB) [Citation Record]

On the Symbolic Meaning of Souvenirs for Children; Baker, Stacey
Menzel; Kleine, Susan Schultz; Bowen, Heather E. Research in Consumer
Behavior Vol. 10. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN AIGEEDI)
[Citation Record]

Collecting in a Consumer Culture; Belk, Russell W.; 1995. Document
Type: Book Citation; (AN AIGEEED) [Citation Record]

Possessions and the Sense of Past; Belk, Russell W. Highways and
Buyways: Naturalistic Research from the Consumer Behavior Odyssey;
1991, p114-130, 17p. Edited by: Belk, Russell W.. Document Type: Book
Citation; (AN AIGEEEB) [Citation Record]

The Sacred and the Profane in Consumer Behavior: Theodicy on the
Odyssey; Belk, Russell W.; Wallendorf, Melanie; Sherry, John F.
Journal of Consumer Research; 1989 Vol. 16 Issue June, p1-39, 39p.
Document Type: Article Citation; (AN JCR.AF.A.BELK.SPCBTO) [Citation

Possessions and the Extended Self; Belk, Russell W. Journal of
Consumer Research; 1988 Vol. 15 Issue September, p139-168, 30p.
Document Type: Article Citation; (AN JCR.AE.ACI.BELK.PES) [Citation

Indexicality and the Verification Function of Irreplaceable
Possessions: A Semiotic Analysis; Grayson, Kent; David Shulman Journal
of Consumer Research; 2000 Vol. 27 Issue June, p17-30, 14p. Document
Type: Article Citation; (AN JCR.BG.AG.GRAYSON.IVFIPS) [Citation

On Collective Memory; Halbwachs, Maurice; 1950. Edited by: Coser,
Lewis A.. Document Type: Book Citation; (AN AIGEEFA) [Citation Record]

Poststructuralist Lifestyle Analysis: Conceptualizing the Social
Patterning of Consumption in Postmodernity; Holt, Douglas B. Journal
of Consumer Research; 1997 Vol. 23 Issue March, p326-350, 25p.
Document Type: Article Citation; (AN JCR.BC.CBF.HOLT.PLACSP) [Citation

Finding Meaning in Memory: A Methodological Critique of Collective
Memory Studies; Kansteiner, Wolf History and Theory; 2002 Vol. 41
Issue 2, p179-198, 20p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN

Neglected and Unused Things: Narrative Encounter; LaBranche, Anthony
Review of Existential Psychology and Psychiatry; 1973 Vol. 12,
p163-168, 6p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN

The Role of Television in the Construction of Consumer Reality;
O'Guinn, Thomas C.; Shrum, L.J. Journal of Consumer Research; 1997
Vol. 23 Issue March, p278-294, 17p. Document Type: Article Citation;
(AN JCR.BC.BGH.OGUINN.RTCCR) [Citation Record]

Santa Claus Doesn't Just Deliver Toys: Advertising's Commercialization
of Collective Memory; Okleshen, Cara; Baker, Stacey Menzel;
Mittelstaedt, Robert A. Culture, Markets and Consumption; 2001 Vol. 4
Issue 3, p207-240, 34p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN

Toward an Understanding of Consumer Ambivalence; Otnes, Cele; Tina M.
Lowry; L. J. Shrum Journal of Consumer Research; 1997 Vol. 24 Issue
June, p80-93, 14p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN
JCR.BD.HJ.OTNES.TUCA) [Citation Record]

Older Consumers' Disposition of Special Possessions; Price, L. L.;
Arnould, E. J.; Curasi, C. F. Journal of Consumer Research; 2000 Vol.
27 Issue September, p179-201, 23p. Document Type: Article Citation;
(AN JCR.BG.AGI.PRICE.OCDSP) [Citation Record]

Extending the Bases of Subjective Attitudinal Ambivalence:
Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Antecedents of Evaluative Tension;
Priester, Joseph R. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 2001
Vol. 80 Issue January, p19-34, 16p. Document Type: Article Citation;

Valuing Things: The Public and Private Meanings of Possessions;
Richins, Marsha L. Journal of Consumer Research; 1994 Vol. 21 Issue
December, p504-521, 18p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN

Using advertising alliances for new product introduction: interactions
between product complementarity and promotional strategies; Samu,
S.H.; Shanker, K.; Smith, R.E. Journal of Marketing; 1999 Vol. 63
Issue January, p57-74, 18p. Document Type: Article Citation; (AN
JM.FC.EG.SAMU.UAANPI) [Citation Record]

I hope this helps. If you need any additional information or any
clarification, please don't hesitate to click the "clarify" button.



Request for Answer Clarification by sosobob-ga on 01 Feb 2004 17:16 PST

Thank you for your comprehensive, systematic search.  I also
appreciate that you helped me understand your search strategy.

I will review the results below and let you know if I need further assistance.


Request for Answer Clarification by sosobob-ga on 01 Feb 2004 17:19 PST

I tried to go to the links below to review the information by was not
allowed access.  Please let me know how I can review the articles

Thank you


Clarification of Answer by darrel-ga on 01 Feb 2004 18:12 PST

Sorry. I forgot the ending of that link. The correct link is

Let me know how else I can help.

There are no comments at this time.

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