The hypothetical situation that you propose lends itself readily to
the production of hydrogen for conversion to energy storage and
electrical power generation. All of the mechanical components are
commercially available, as are the raw materials or energy sources
that would provide the resources from which the generated electrical
power ultimately would be produced.
There are a number of ways to produce hydrogen, but in the stated
circumstances, a plentiful source of water, the proven electrolytic
hydrogen generator, which fractures water molecules into hydrogen and
oxygen through the introduction of a strong electrical current, is
probably the best solution. This technology has been available for
decades, and complete, self-contained hydrogen generators can be
purchased for the production of almost any volume of gas. All that is
required for the process is pure water and electricity.
Water is a given of the problem, and pure water, a necessity for the
hydrogen generator, can be obtained in sufficient quantities through
desalination. Electricity the other necessary input is, of course,
also the desired end product; once the process has been started, the
generator can drive the desalinator and the hydrogen generator, but
there must be an initial source of electricity. Electricity to prime
the process can be derived from a number of schemes. One obvious means
to produce the start-up electricity is the end generator itself,
fueled either with gasoline, diesel, propane, or prepared bottled
hydrogen. Another means of producing electricity would be, as implied
in the hypothetical situation, solar cells. A third means would be
wind power. A fourth source would be the ocean itself, either through
the conversion of the kinetic energy of the waves and tides or of
thermal difference. Probably the most attractive option would be a
wind powered generator with battery, solar, and propane generating
Depending upon the situation, the end generator can be powered with a
traditional fuel that is supplemented by hydrogen, or it can be fueled
by hydrogen alone. In a mixed fuel arrangement, the consumption of
traditional fuel reasonably can be halved by the addition of hydrogen
to the air intake. The one obvious advantage of this method is that
the generator is not completely dependent upon the hydrogen production
system: in case of some interruption of the hydrogen generator's
output, e.g., during required maintenance, power generation can
continue. Another advantage is that the electrical generator's engine
requires no modifications to its carburetor to operate on the mixed
fuel. A converted electrical generator, however, is feasible, and if
one has enough storage capacity for the hydrogen fuel to bridge any
down time for the hydrogen generator, then it has the advantage of
being independent of any outside fuel supply. The system becomes
virtually self-sufficient. Almost any traditionally fueled engine can
be converted to run on propane, and almost all propane-fueled engines
will run equally well on hydrogen.
"Thinking 'hydrogen' is a natural solution for power storage IF the
initial power comes from renewable or low cost power generation
sources. Wind, solar, hydro or Diesel gensets that make electricity
while making hot water are all good candidates for a hydrogen gas
energy storage system, otherwise called an H2 gas generator."
"Hydrogen generators produce hydrogen and oxygen through the
electrolysis of water, following the chemical equation: 2H2O + Energy
--> 2H2 + O2
This chemical transformation occurs in an electrolytic cell. If the
cell is exposed to any flow of electrical current it starts the
process of electrochemical separation of water molecules into its two
components namely oxygen and Hydrogen.
These two gases are emitted from the electrodes and are separated and
captured in the electrolytic cell. The gases are then made available
for use as they pass through a back flash valve, water trap and
dehumidifier on their way to any one of many hydrogen powered
"For use in gen-sets simply adjust the throttle and get the motor up
to half speed using it's intended fuel type and then adding a small
amount of metered hydrogen gas (H2) into the air cleaner so that the
gen-set revs up to full throttle. The addition of H2 gas into the air
cleaner gives plenty of clean burning power without the problems of
running pure H2 fuel. Don't forget to install the obvious gas cut off
solenoids in case the motor stalls."
Hydrogen To Electricity Converters
Generator Propane Conversion Kits
"The TELEDYNE TITAN series hydrogen/oxygen gas generators utilize the
principle of water electrolysis to produce high-purity gases (to over
99.9998%) at useable pressures."
"Our H_2 Oasis Hydrogen Gas Station integrates a complete hydrogen
production and storage system into a convenient, easy to install and
commission portable all-weather building."
"Produces Hydrogen by the electrolysis of water using a solid polymer
electrolyte.(Gas Purity better than 99.999%)"
Chrysalis II Hydrogen Generator
"The Chrysalis II ?SEPG? (Standard Economy Purified Gas) Hydrogen
Generator employs the newest membrane technology available for
electrolytic production of pure hydrogen gas and is ideal for
operation with gas analyzers, as fuel gas for flame tools or as a
source of pure hydrogen in plasma chambers and other isolated
WTIC - manufacturer of the Jacobs wind systems since 1986
Hybrid Power Plant
"The Class 'A' hybrid power plant is a complete electrical power
supply system that can be easily configured to meet a broad range of
remote power needs. There are three basic elements to the system - the
power source, the battery, and the power management center (Energy
Minder). The power source may be a wind Turbine, engine generator, or
solar arrays. Any combination of up to three power sources may be
Bergey Windpower Company
Chapter 14: Ocean Energy
"There are three basic ways to tap the ocean for its energy. We can
use the ocean's waves, we can use the ocean's high and low tides, or
we can use temperature differences in the water. Let's take a look at
"The OCEAN series with outputs from 15 litres/hour to 126 litre/hour
which are ultra simple machines for use only in ocean water far away
from coasts, and are similar in operation to the SH20 .
The TON range producing from 10m^3 per 24 hours upwards. Please apply
to Seafresh for professional advice regarding this product."
FCI Watermakers Neptune
"The Neptune Series of reverse osmosis watermakers can be found
throughout the world. They satisfy the fresh water needs of yachts,
workboats and commercial fishing vessels, as well as land-based
facilities such as hotels and private residences."
"Systems from 1000 to 4000 Gallons per Day. All systems feature the
UROC - Universal R.O. Control system with advanced user friendly
control that can be customised to suit your application."
Any scheme will include AC/DC (bi-directional) energy conversion.
DC/AC POWER INVERTERS (300-5000W)
"Run 120V or 220 Volt AC equipment from 12V, 24V, 32V, 36V, 48V or 72
VDC batteries in an industrial environment where standard AC power is
not available. Analytic Systems produces four types of inverters
converting DC to AC; a Q'Sine series, a Pure Sine Series, and a
high-powered IVQ and IVS Series. providing up to 5000 Watts of power.
They are ideal for general industrial use and for automotive / mobile
applications such as emergency vehicles and marine, land and aircraft
applications requiring high reliability."