First I convert all temperatures to the same measure unit °C
A. 32 ° F = 0 ° C
B. -10 ° C
C. 264 K = -9,15 ° C
D. 5,0 ° C
This can be done with:
( http://www.chemie.fu-berlin.de/chemistry/general/units_en.html#temp )
Now we see that D has the highest temperature. According to the Nernst
Theorem (also known as the Third Law of Thermodynamics) the molecular
activity is proportional to temperature, so D has the greatest
molecular activity:
"Nernst's theorem, sometimes referred to as the third law of
thermodynamics, states that the entropy of a system at zero absolute
temperature is a well-defined constant. This is due to the fact that a
system at zero temperature exists in its ground state, so that its
entropy is determined by the degeneracy of the ground state. Many
systems, such as crystal lattices, have a unique ground state, and
therefore have zero entropy at at absolute zero (since ln(1) = 0)."
from:
Third Law of Thermodynamics
( http://www.fact-index.com/t/th/third_law_of_thermodynamics.html )
I hope this helps to solve your problem.
till-ga
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