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Q: 2000 Census Data ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   2 Comments )
Subject: 2000 Census Data
Category: Reference, Education and News > General Reference
Asked by: hawkeye1-ga
List Price: $200.00
Posted: 04 Jun 2004 12:23 PDT
Expires: 04 Jul 2004 12:23 PDT
Question ID: 356489
The most currently available (i.e. 2000 Census) data for the
Washington DC Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (to include: DC,
Southern Maryland, Northern Virginia) for the following categories: 1.
Population by race/ethnicity; 2. Homeownership rates/percentages by
race/ethnicity; 3. Percentage growth in households by race/ethnicity;
4. Income by race/ethnicity; 5. Education by race/ethnicity; 6.
Occupation by race/ethnicity; 7. Any available Community Profile
information on the SMSA's Hispanic population.

Request for Question Clarification by digsalot-ga on 05 Jun 2004 07:26 PDT
I have absolutly every piece of information you requested except for
"Occupation by race/ethnicity."

That material is not available for free in the websites I have
searched nor from the Census Bureau

"The Special EEO Tabulation is not a standard Census product as it has
been previously. It is a special tabulation contracted by and paid for
by a consortium of four Federal agencies. All the specifications on
the file are what the consortium requested.

The datasets on the Census 2000 Special EEO Tabulation will present
data on race and ethnicity cross-tabulated by other variables such as
detailed occupations, occupational groups, sex, worksite geography,
residence geography, education, age, and industry."

There is a cost for that material.  I can provide contact information
where you could purchase it - or - if you are willing to cover the
cost of it as a "tip," I will purchase it myself.

Thank you for your consideration

Request for Question Clarification by justaskscott-ga on 05 Jun 2004 12:38 PDT
I have found occupation by race/ethnicity (White non-Hispanic;
Hispanic; Black non-Hispanic; American Indian and Alaska Native
non-Hispanic; Asian non-Hispanic; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific
Islander non-Hispanic; Black & White non-Hispanic; American Indian and
Alaska Native & White non-Hispanic; American Indian and Alaska Native
& Black non-Hispanic; Asian & White non-Hispanic; Balance 2+ Races
non-Hispanic) for free for the Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA.

I say "PMSA" (primary metropolitan statistical area), rather than
"SMSA" (standard metropolitan statistical area), because SMSA is no
longer used by the Census Bureau.  There is also a larger
Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV CMSA (consolidated metropolitan
statistical area), which includes the Baltimore and Hagerstown CMSAs. 
But since you did not mention Baltimore, I assume the CMSA is not what
you are looking for.

(Metropolitan areas defined by Office of Management and Budget,
6/30/99) (Source: Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau; Internet
Release Date:	July 1999; Last Revised:    January 28, 2002)
[Washington MSAs defined near bottom of page]
U.S Census Bureau

Census Geographic Glossary" [defining PMSA, SMSA, etc.]
U.S Census Bureau

I will work on finding the other data you've requested.  Perhaps I
will discover that digsalot offers a better answer than I can find, in
which case I will post a follow-up to this message.  If I find a good
answer, I will post it in the Answer space.

Clarification of Question by hawkeye1-ga on 05 Jun 2004 19:29 PDT
I'll take the every piece of information without the "occupation by
race/ethnicity" option.
Subject: Re: 2000 Census Data
Answered By: digsalot-ga on 06 Jun 2004 01:23 PDT
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
Hello there

Thank you for requesting I post my information as the answer.

Now, before we get to the main part of the answer, I have a little
surprise.  I did get the employment by race/ethnicity figures.  There
are hundreds of job categories listed and due to the length of the
file, it has been posted to a special upload area where you may access
it.  I looked at the links Justaskscott-ga provided in his request for
clarification and found definitions but no numbers. (or maybe that was
just a lead in to the fact he had found them too)

The link to the file and an explanation of it will be found below in
the section dedicated to ethnic employment.  I have also left intact
the Census explanation of the EEO files and the contact information
for purchase in case you wish to do so even with the information
provided here.  Even though the employment/occupation file is quite
large, it represents only a fraction of what is on the cd from my

It is all a matter of timing, I guess.  When I had found the needed
information, I also found the question had just been relocked so I
have had to wait for the question to open again before I could respond
to your request.

Standard definitions of metropolitan areas were first issued in 1949
by the then Bureau of the Budget (predecessor of OMB), under the
designation "standard metropolitan area" (SMA). The term was changed
to "standard metropolitan statistical area" (SMSA) in 1959, and to
"metropolitan statistical area" (MSA) in 1983. The term "metropolitan
area" (MA) was adopted in 1990 and referred collectively to
metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), consolidated metropolitan
statistical areas (CMSAs), and primary metropolitan statistical areas
(PMSAs). The term "core based statistical area" (CBSA) became
effective in 2000 and refers collectively to metropolitan and
micropolitan statistical areas. - Quote from "About Metropolitan and
Micropolitan Statistical Areas" - US Census Bureau

We can begin with Population by race/ethnicity:

Source - 2000 Census

Since there has been major debate over racial and ethnic
identification, we will need to define just what will be used in this
answer.  Some parents in interracial marriages refuse to check off the
mixed race of their offspring.  Some believe that a limited number of
racial categories does not truly reflect their heritage.  For example,
some blacks wanted things broken down further into Mulatto, Quadroon,
Octaroon, etc.  Some Asians wanted things broken down into national
ethnicity such as Chinese, Japanese, Korean and even sub-groupings of
those.  Native Americans broken down separate categories for American
Indians and Alaskans.

So to simplify, I will use - White - Black - Native American - Asian -
Pacific Islander - Latinos(Hispanics) - and Other. ( which is what
they wound up breaking it down to as well in most cases)

Also, the 2000 census provided respondents with the opportunity to
identify more than one race; therefore, race groups with the
designation ?alone? identify persons who selected only a single race
even though they could also designate being Hispanic or Latino.

As a side note, even though websites other than the US Census Bureau
are used for this answer, you will find that the numbers do come from
that organization and are refered back to it in the various websites. 
The reason for this diversity of websites is that some reports from
the Census Bureau which contain the information you requested are
available directly from them only for a fee.  So, I went to find the
sites who have apparently already paid that fee and obtained the
information that way.

Total population - For the District, 572,059 - For the MA, 4,923,153

White alone - For the District, 176,101 - For the MA, 2,957,698
Black or African American alone - For the District, 343,312 - For the MA, 1,282,057
Native American alone - For the District, 1,713 - For the MA, 15,406
Asian alone - For the District, 15,189 - For the MA, 329,850
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islanders - For the District, 348 -
For the MA, 3,069
Latinos alone - For the District, 44,953 - For the MA, 432,003
Other race alone - For the District, 21,950 - For the MA, 190,483
Two or more races - For the District, 13,446 - For the MA, 144,590

For a county by county breakdown of the above figures, you will find them here:
- This is a PDF file so Acrobat Reader is needed and the county by
county figures are on page three.  The website is "Washington D.C.
Lessons on Diversity and Change"

Homeownership rates/percentages by race/ethnicity

Total housing units - 274,845 - 100.0%
Occupied housing units - 248,338 - 90.4% 
Vacant housing units - 26,507 - 9.6%

House holder ethnicity, including ownership and rentals - I know the
rentals are not part of your question but I have included them as
extra information which may be useful.  Straight "homeowner"
statistics follow immediately below.*

White - 90,008 - 36.2% 
Black or African American - 139,468 - 56.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native - 693 - 0.3% 
Asian - 6,407 - 2.6 
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander - 106 - 0.0% 
Some other race - 6,040 - 2.4% 
Two or more races - 5,616 - 2.3%
Latino of any Race - 14,165 - 5.7%
Figures from US Census Bureau Quick Tables

*Home ownership by race/ethnicity  - as well as -  Percentage growth
or decline in ownership by race/ethnicity

Homeownership rates here are broken down into four basic groups -
White - Black - Asian - Latino

White - 73% - Between 1990 and 2000 an increase of 3%
Black - 49% - Between 1990 and 2000 the increase has been 8% - that is
2.5 times the national increase in black homeownership.
Asian - 58% - Between 1990 and 2000 a decline of 3%
Latino - 44% - Between 1990 and 2000 an increase of 6%
From -
- This is a PDF file - Acrobat reader is needed.  You will find the
percentage figures on page three.  You will also find this site
chock-full of additional information about Metro Washington housing if
you need the extra information.

As for the percentage of growth or decline in "all types" of
households, you will find it here.  Rather than being in the form of
charts, maps etc, which show general characteristics in growth and
decline, the percentages by race/ethnicity are included in the text
and done neighborhood by neighborhood.

Both this and the homeowner statistics above are not numbers from the
2000 Census but from the Fannie May Foundation Urban Institute Housing
in the Nation's Capital 2002.

Per capita income by race/ethnicity for year 2000 

White - $52,552 
Black - $17,734
Latino - $17,375
Asian - $26,851

Figures from
- A PDF file, Acrobat Reader needed.  You will find the figures on
page one.  You will also find percentages of change since 1998/99 as
well as percentages of change since 1990.

Education by race/ethnicity

Asians have the highest education attainment with 54% of the areas
Asian residents having at least a bachelor's degree compared to 50% of
the areas non-Latino whites, 24% for Blacks and 21% of Latinos.

Residents with a high school degree and a bachelors degree for the Metro Area:

Non-Latino White - high school 92.6% - - bachelors 50.3%
Black - high school 81.3% - - bachelors 24.1%
Latino - high school 57.7% - - bachelors 21.0%
Asians - high school 85.4% - - bachelors 53.9%

The above figures are from the Brookings Institute

Occupation by race/ethnicity 

 "The Census 2000 EEO File will provide a valuable new set of data
using the place-of-work vantage point."  However, the only way to get
that material is to buy it and the companies who have already bought
it are not giving it up for free.  They are re-selling the
information.  The websites I have found containing this information
all have it available for a fee, sometimes at a higher rate than the
Census Bureau itself.  The information is suppplied on CD Rom.

The Special EEO Tabulation is not a standard Census product as it has
been previously. It is a special tabulation contracted by and paid for
by a consortium of four Federal agencies. All the specifications on
the file are what the consortium requested.

The datasets on the Census 2000 Special EEO Tabulation will present
data on race and ethnicity cross-tabulated by other variables such as
detailed occupations, occupational groups, sex, worksite geography,
residence geography, education, age, and industry.

From the US Census Bureau - - "The Census Bureau entered into a
reimbursable agreement with a consortium of four Federal agencies,
consisting of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the
Department of Justice (DOJ), the Department of Labor (DOL), and the
Office of Personnel Management (OPM), to create a special tabulation
identified as the Census 2000 Special Equal Employment Opportunity
(EEO) Tabulation. This Tabulation was created according to the
specifications of the agencies in the consortium. However, it contains
information similar to comparable tabulations from the 1970, 1980, and
1990 censuses. The Census 2000 Special EEO Tabulation serves as the
primary external benchmark for comparing the race, ethnicity, and sex
composition of an organization's internal workforce, and the analogous
external labor market, within a specified geography and job category.

The Special EEO Tabulation on CD-ROM consists of 24 separate files
(actually each file is really a set of two files or versions, one
version covers all areas except Hawaii and a second covers Hawaii
only. The only difference between the versions is that the Hawaii
version has 15 race/ethnicity categories, while the version for all
areas, except Hawaii, contains only 12). The contents of these files,
how to use the files, and a description of the variables and geography
contained in the files are included in the technical documentation."

If you wish to obtain the CD Rom directly from the Census bureau:

Marketing Services Office - Bureau of the Census 
Phone: 301-763-INFO (4636) 
Fax: 301-457-3842

You will find other contact information about the CD Rom here
including extra data if needed and technical help.

Now we are at those ethnic and racial employment figures I mentioned
at the beginning of this answer.

Along the top of the report you will find this long string:
non-Hispanic","Hispanic","Black non-Hispanic","Asian
non-Hispanic","NHOPI non-Hispanic","AIAN non-Hispanic","Black & White
non-Hispanic","Asian & White non-Hispanic","AIAN & White
non-Hispanic","AIAN & Black non-Hispanic","Balance 2+ Races,

Then underneath you will find the occupation listed like this:
"Washington, DC-MD-VA-WV PMSA Fips=8840","Purchasing Managers (015)
SOC 11-3061","Male"," 3904"," 3135","  130","  455"," 125"," 0","
10","  0"," 20","  4"," 10","  15"

The series of numbers matches the categories listed in that long
string.  It looks as though it can be quite daunting to decipher but
after a few tries, it is not so bad.  It is just the way the Census
Bureau puts them out.

The complete list is here:
I stopped counting after the first few hundred.  There are a lot of
occupations listed. - - - Please note: - this is a temporary
researcher file upload site and the material will only be available
for a few days.  You may want to do yourself a favor and make a copy

Community Profile information on the SMSA's Hispanic population

Latino Community Profile: Washington, D.C., Metropolitan Area

The Hispanic Community of Prince George?s County - A PDF
file, Acrobat Reader needed.  This website is about the third largest
Latino community in the Washington Metro area.

There is also a Latino community profile produced by the Census Bureau
but it is national in scope with only some bits and pieces about Metro
Washington.  However there might be some things of interest so I am
including it. - You will notice
that just about every file is PDF.  If you do not have an Acrobat
Reader, you can download one free from here:

Search - Google
Terms - Well, actually I just used the terminology you used in the
question and it sort of led me where I needed to go.

The websites used are included as links in the answer.

If I may clarify anything before you rate the answer, please let me know.

This has been an interesting bit of research.  When I visit the
nation's capital again, I will have some idea of what I am looking at
other than what the guides describe.

hawkeye1-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $20.00

Subject: Re: 2000 Census Data
From: justaskscott-ga on 05 Jun 2004 23:16 PDT
As it turned out, I hadn't had time to do further research on this
question.  So I  will leave the question for digsalot to answer.
Subject: Re: 2000 Census Data
From: justaskscott-ga on 06 Jun 2004 08:09 PDT
The links in my original posting towards the top of the page relate
only to the MSA issue, rather than race/ethnicity and occupation.

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