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Q: HIV ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   1 Comment )
Subject: HIV
Category: Health > Conditions and Diseases
Asked by: zehly-ga
List Price: $10.00
Posted: 06 Jul 2004 06:41 PDT
Expires: 05 Aug 2004 06:41 PDT
Question ID: 370242
How can a male human contract the human immunodefiecency virus (HIV)
from a female human, in a detail physiological explanation, during
unprotected sexual vaginal intercourse?
Subject: Re: HIV
Answered By: mwalcoff-ga on 06 Jul 2004 07:25 PDT
Rated:5 out of 5 stars

According to the Centers for Disease Control, "In men, HIV can enter
the body through the urethra (the opening at the tip of the penis) or
through small cuts or open sores on the penis." Vaginal fluid can
carry HIV (although less effectively than blood or semen).

Source: CDC, "Frequently Asked Questions: AIDS Prevention and
Transmission," 19 Dec. 2003,

Upon entering the male, HIV can spread to the rest of the body through
the penis's mucosal linings. According to the National Institute of
Allergy and Infectious Diseases, research indicates immune-system
cells in the mucosa are the first to fall victim to the virus. Those
cells then carry the virus to lymph nodes, allowing the infection to
spread throughout the immune system

Source: NIAID, "How HIV Causes AIDS," Oct. 2001,

It should be noted that female-to-male HIV transmission is much rarer
than male-to-female. In a study of 379 HIV-infected people reported in
a 1991 Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers found
only one example of female-to-male transmission, and in that case, the
couple had had several instances of vaginal or penile bleeding during

Source: Padian NS, Shiboski SC, Jewell NP., "Female-to-male
transmission of human immunodeficiency virus" (abstract), 25 Sept.

Indeed, menstruation can increase the danger of HIV transmission to
the male partner.

Source: CDC, "HIV Newsline Vol. 2 Issue 4," Aug. 1996,

For more information on female-to-male transmission, try the following
journal articles:

--Mastro T, Satten Glen, Naopkesorn T, et at. Probability of
female-to-male transmission of HIV-1 in Thailand. Lancet
--Nicolosi A, Correa Leite ML, Musicco M, et al. The efficiency of
male-to-female and female-to-male sexual transmission of the human
immunodeficiency virus: a study of 730 stable couples. Italian Study
Group on HIV Heterosexual Transmission. Epidemiology. 1994; 5
--Padian NS, Shiboski SC, Jewell NP. Female-to-male transmission of
human immunodeficiency virus. JAMA 1991; 266(12):1664-7.
--European Study Group on Heterosexual Transmission of HIV. Camparison
of female to male and male to female transmission of HIV in 563 stable
couples. BMJ 1992; 304:809-13

Source: King County, Wash., HIV/AIDS Program, "Update on Sexual
Transmission of HIV," March 2002,

I hope this answer meets your needs. If not, please request clarification.

Search strategy:

aids "female-to-male"

aids "female-to-male" vaginal fluid

Female to male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus

+how hiv (://
zehly-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $2.00
Very good!

Subject: No Reliable Evidence ever presented, for the Sexual Transmission of "HIV/AIDS"
From: gstp-ga on 23 Jan 2005 16:52 PST
mwalcoff-ga gave a politically correct answer, with the authoritative
"AIDS science" pseudo-scientific finish.

There is another, altogether different answer: It is transmitted by
the mass-media! No reliable evidence has ever been presented, for the
Sexual Transmission of "HIV/AIDS".

Note that all the references presented (CDC, NIAID, NIH, King
county-Wash), in the previous answer, are related to the US Department
of Health and Human Services. No objective source.

They have been shaping "AIDS science" ever since the official
"HIV/AIDS" proclamation, during the Reagan administration, on April
24th, 1984, presented by the US Secretary of Health and Human
Services. An international press conference in the National Academy of
Sciences auditorium packed with journalists and television crews.

"The journalists reporting this event didn't notice the telltale signs
that there was something fishy about the occasion. An obvious anomaly
was that the announcement was made prior to publication of the
articles presenting the evidence. A firm rule of scientific
publication bans this practice. It hobbles the critical reception
because scientists cannot comment on research that they haven't seen.
Further, prepublication celebrity suborns scientists to see in the
articles what the media have acclaimed. In this case the priming was
unusually strong. By designating Gallo's findings the shining path to
victory over AIDS, Secretary Heckler in effect laid down the orthodoxy
governing AIDS research funding. But this in turn set limits to
critical opinion. As it happened, there were quite a few scientists
who gave Gallo's claims little credence. But their voices were not
heard because journalists didn't search for critical comment; and in a
very short time the orthodoxy was so entrenched that critical views
seemed aberrant, even "loony".

Source: The Aids Mirage, by Professor Hiram Caton, Mar. 1995,
Search strategy:

Myth sexual AIDS

The first search result,,
present some important, missing elements from the previous answer:

Result of the largest and longest study of the heterosexual
transmission of HIV in the United States:

    We followed 175 HIV-discordant couples over time, for a total of
approximately 282 couple-years of follow up [...]

    We observed no seroconversion after entry into the study.

Padian NS et al. Heterosexual transmission of Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV) in Northern California: Results from a ten-year study.
American Journal of Epidemiology. 1997;146(4):350-7.

Note it was published after the 4 studies recommended in the previous
answer. This observation differ because the study did not include
injecting drug users.

The 'Prostitute' Paradox

If "AIDS" ("HIV") was sexually transmitted, we should find it in
sex-trade workers. The following references, including five studies
published in prestigious scientific journals, demonstrate NO sexual

    In this study, the authors estimated overall and cause-specific
mortality among prostitute women. They recorded information on
prostitute women identified by police and health department
surveillance in Colorado Springs, Colorado, from 1967 to 1999. The
authors assessed cause-specific mortality in this open cohort of 1,969
women [...]

    Violence and drug use were the predominant causes of death, both
during periods of prostitution and during the whole observation
period. [...] Deaths from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome occurred
exclusively among prostitutes who admitted to injecting drug use or
were inferred to have a history of it.

Potterat J J et al. Mortality in a Long-term Open Cohort of Prostitute
Women. Am J Epidemiol 2004;159:778-785.

    During a 36-month period, a multidisciplinary team manned a van
that visited the major location of open prostitution in the Tel Aviv
area [...]

    All 128 females who did not admit to drug abuse were seronegative.

    A thorough search of recent literature fail to demonstrate
unequivocal seropositivity among British, French, German, Italian, or
Dutch prostitutes without drug histories.

Modan, B et al. Prevalence of HIV antibodies in transsexual and female
prostitutes, American Journal of Public Health. 1992;82(4):590-592.
Michael Wright also report  this study in A Former AIDS Researcher Has
Second Thoughts, part one: Manufacturing the AIDS Scare

    In order to determine whether prostitutes operating outside of
areas of high drug abuse have equally elevated rates of infection, 354
prostitutes were surveyed in Tijuana, Mexico [...]

    None of the 354 [blood] samples [...] was positive for HIV-1 or HIV-2[?]

    Condoms were used [...] for less than half of their sexual contacts.

    Only 4 female prostitutes (1%) admitted to ever having abused
intravenous drugs.

    Infection with HIV was not found in this prostitute population
despite the close proximity to neighboring San Diego, CA, which has a
high incidence of diagnosed cases of AIDS, and to Los Angeles, which
has a reported 4% prevalence of HIV infection in prostitutes.

Hyams KC et al. HIV infection in a non-drug abusing prostitute
population. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases.
David Crowe also report this study in "Referenced Quotes about
Transmission of HIV and AIDS"

    448 licensed female prostitutes in Nuremburg, West Germany, were
studied in March and April 1986.

    No prostitute tested was anti-HIV positive [...] they had been
prostitutes for 77 months on average [...] The mean number of clients
was 13 per week [...]

    This heterosexually very active group of women has remained free
from HIV infection.

Smith GL, Smith KF. Lack of HIV infection and condom use in licensed
prostitutes. Lancet. 1986;1392.

    In September, 1985, we collected 56 samples of blood in the rue
Saint-Denis, the most notorious street in Paris for prostitution.

    No prostitute was seropositive.

    These women, aged 18-60 have sexual intercourse 15-25 times daily
and do not routinely use protection. Altough contracting AIDS is
greatly feared by these women, only 15 used condoms with all their

    [...] none of the Paris prostitute was a drug addict.

Brenky-Faudeux D, Fribourg-Blanc A. HTLV-III antibody in prostitutes.
Lancet. 1985;2:1424.

    The same results were reported from Amsterdam, one of the world's
centers of legalized prostitution. When several hundred non-drug using
prostitutes were studied, investigators found no HIV-positive women
even though they averaged more than 200 clients per year

Coutinho RA, van der Helm TH. [No indications for LAV/HTLV-III in
non-drug-using prostitutes in Amsterdam]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd,
1986;130(11):508. As reported by David W. Rasnick, Ph.D., in a letter
published by the British Medical Journal Sex has nothing to do with

Of course, sex-trade workers taking hard drugs are more likely to
become sick, it has nothing to do with "HIV" or "AIDS". Strong drugs
have a proven immune suppressive effect, and intravenous drugs
injections often carry some foreign proteins, adding an extra burden
on the immune system.

Lack of Evidence for Transmission of HIV

    there has been the assumptium in both scientific and lay
communities that vaginal HIV transmission does commonly exists, [...]
the basis for that assumption rests on data that are unacceptably weak
or flawed. The need for sexual change that has been claimed by public
health and other authorities is not supported by the scientific data

Brody S, Lack of Evidence for Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency
Virus Through Vaginal Intercourse, Archives of Sexual Behavior
1995;24(4): 383-393.
Stuart Brody, Professor of Medical Psychology at the University of
Tübingen, Germany, also wrote Sex at risk, Transaction Publishers,
1997, 222 pages. Sex at Risk is a comprehensive review of the
scientific literature dealing with the transmission of AIDS. Like
Michael Fumento's The Myth of Heterosexual AIDS, it exposes the
mythology surrounding vaginal intercourse and AIDS transmission.

    Nobody wants to look at the facts about the disease. It's the most
extraordinary thing I've ever seen. I've sent countless letters to
medical journals pointing out the epidemiological discrepancies and
they simply ignore them . . . this whole heterosexual AIDS thing is a

Dr Gordon Stewart, emeritus professor of epidemiology, University of
Glasgow, and former AIDS advisor to the World Health Organisation, as
quoted by Professor Hiram Caton in AIDS Mania, a charisma of

Safe Sex Notice

    Of course, people everywhere should be encouraged to behave more
thoughtfully in their sexual lives. They should be provided with
reliable counseling about condom use, contraception, family planning
and venereal diseases. But whether in Cameroon or California, sex
education must no longer be distorted by terrifying, dubious
misinformation that equates sex with death.

Writing about the African AIDS hoax, this is the conclusion of the
article Myths of AIDS and Sex, by Charles L. Geshekter, New African,
October 1994. Dr. Charles L. Geshekter is a professor of African
history at the California State University, Chico.

This comment was in part inspired by an interview with Michael
Crichton published today in the Ottawa Citizen.

The subject of his latest book, In State of Fear,  is the subversion
of science in behalf of sociopolitical agendas. In a recent speech, he
said that "the greatest challenge facing mankind is the challenge of
distinguishing reality from fantasy, truth from propaganda."

"some scientists (and increasing numbers, in some fields) have been
seduced away from truth-telling into the exciting realms of
policy-making and mass persuasion"

In State of Fear, one of the characters tells the hero that "the
military-industrial complex is no longer the primary driver of society
... For the last 15 years we have been under the control of an
entirely new complex, far more powerful and far more pervasive. I call
it the politico-legal-media complex ... And it is dedicated to
promoting fear in the population ? under the guise of promoting

Source: Reprinted from The Philadelphia Inquirer, Jan. 12, 2005,

Gilles St-Pierre

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