Hello again choudhary~
A LITTLE BACKGROUND INFORMATION
I would like to begin by pointing to an article that helps bring the
biblical account of Moses parting the seas into modern life:
?Pharaoh's chariots found in Red Sea?? at World Net Daily. This
article discusses what are possibly chariot wheels, discovered by
divers in the Red Sea. (Check out the article to see several
) Apparently, in ?at least one case authorities have confirmed [it] to
be a chariot wheel dating to the time of the Exodus.?
According to the article, the Egyptian government won?t allow
artifacts to be removed, so it?s been impossible to confirm whether or
not these are truly chariot wheels, and from what era they date. To
give you an idea of what explorers are up against, the article states
that one of the divers and his wife were turned over to the (Muslim)
government, with the claim that they were spying for Israel.
However, compellingly, the ?chariot parts [are] located on a
subsurface ?land bridge? connecting Egypt to Saudi Arabia through the
Gulf of Aqaba.? Apparently, a wheel hub (taken from the Sea before the
government forbade such removal) was dated by Nassif Mohammed Hassan,
director of Antiquities in Cairo, to ancient Egypt.
In this article, Colin Humphreys, a physicist, states his opinion that
the biblical parting of the sea may have been caused by wind. ??The
waters piled up, the surging waters stood firm like a wall,' is a
remarkable description of what the mathematics reveals to be the case
for water pushed back by a very strong wind,? he says. The question
then becomes, how did the Hebrews survive such strong wind? Believers
answer that this only could happened with God?s aid.
Naum Volzinger, a senior researcher at St. Petersburg's Institute of
Oceanography, and Alexei Androsov, based in Hamburg, Germany, have
also examined the wind theory. They claim that the wind would only
need to blow 67 mph, for an extended period of time, to part the
water. This, they say, could have exposed a seven kilometer reef that
the Hebrews could have crossed. This cross would have taken four
hours, they estimate. A half hour later, the waters could have
returned to normal. This is called ?water set-down.? (?Dissecting
and ?The Exodus Miracles,?
There is also the explanation I?ve already mentioned in the ?Comments?
section, put forth by mathematician Naum Wolzinger. (?Scientist claims
to explain parting of the waves ?
Another common explanation is that earthquakes or a volcanic eruption
caused the waters to part. Some historians point to a volcanic
eruption in the 16th century BC, which may have caused waters to part.
(?Biblical plagues and parting of Red Sea 'caused by volcano'?
) Others say this particular eruption couldn?t have caused Moses? sea
to part, since the timing is considerably off. Yet another explanation
says the Hebrews merely passed the waters at low tide. (?Weather Man
has explanations for Biblical disasters?
THE ?PARTING? AND THE PLANETS
On the other hand, Russian psychiatrist Immanuel Velikovsky believes
?a close brush with a passing planet...parted the Red Sea.?
(?Starstruck,? http://www.exn.ca/dailyplanet/story.asp?id=2003050254 )
He proposed this controversial theory in his 1950 book ?Worlds in
Collision.? (See the Amazon listing at
Specifically, Velikovsky says that ?in 1450 BC, Jupiter spewed out
Venus as a comet which, amongst other things, helped part the Red
Sea...? (?Immanuel Velikovsky,?
According to Velikovsky?s theory, when a comet encounters a plant, it
may become ?entangled and drawn from its path, then forced into a new
orbit, and finally liberated,? but not before ?discharges of
electrical potential? are exchanged. The sun and the moon produce
ocean tides, but if the earth slowed down, the oceans would recede
toward the poles; the ?attraction? of a comet close to the earth would
draw the water ?back toward itself and heap them high in the air.?
(?The Day the Sun Stood Still?
Many scientists believe Velikovsky?s theory was more imagination than
science, but others have embraced the possibility that he?s on the
right track. In addition to reading Velikovsky?s ?Worlds in
Collision,? you may be curious to view the Velikovsky Archive:
Elaborating on Velikovsky?s theory, Robert S. Fritzius claims ?The
electrical discharge which Velikovsky calls a spark may have taken
place between the comet's dust tail and the Earth, rather than
directly from the comet's globe (Venus) to the Earth. This ?closer?
communion of electrodes would have permitted localized water mountains
to form rather than a global tide. (A global tide would not have been
consistent with the reported Exodus phenomenon.)
?The electrical charge transfer mechanism, which built up the
potential difference between Earth and Venus would have been a flow of
positive ions, transported by the solar wind from Venus to Earth in
the comet's ion tail. This transfer process would occur whenever the
Earth was immersed in the ion tail. Since scripture indicates that the
pillar of fire and the pillar of cloud were visible day and night, we
could surmise that Earth and Venus were temporarily orbiting each
other so that the globe of the comet was nearly geosynchronous with
respect to the exodus scene.
?Calculations need to be made regarding the electrical charges
involved to bring about this temporary geosynchronous interlocking of
?Even though Velikovsky places a lot of emphasis on the electrical
charge (and discharge) aspect of the water redistribution matter, we
would be remiss if we didn't come to grips with the unusually strong
east wind which was part and parcel to the overall process.
?[The strong wind mentioned in the Bible] may have been produced by
the earth's positively charged water-bearing atmosphere moving en mass
around the earth, being electrically driven in the direction of the
comet's negatively charged globe...It would seem that the wind started
the process, by initially dividing the waters, and electrostatics
finished the jobs.? (?Velikovsky's Water Mountain(s)?
You may also wish to read the mentions of a comet causing the sea to
part at ?Moses? http://utenti.lycos.it/foundfig/i-moses.htm ; ?Jewish
; and ?Things That Were?
http://www.stargods.org/SellersThingsThatWerePt2.htm . In addition,
you might enjoy the Red Sea materials at Wyatt Archeological Research:
THE PLANTS AND OTHER MIRACLES
As for other biblical miracles that might be explained (at least in
part) by the movement of planets, stars, and other celestial objects,
please note that Velikovsky?s book also describes other biblical
miracles in terms of the science of space. In addition, you might be
curious to read:
?The Lately Tortured Earth: Electricity?
which discusses lightening and electricity as a factor in Hebrew
For some explanations for the miracle of the Star of Bethlehem, check
out ?The Star of Bethlehem?
and ?Notes of a Fringe-Watcher?
Also see ?Can Science Explain Events in the Bible??
And ?Parting Seas, Magic Stars, and Miracles
Can Science Explain Events in the Bible??
http://www.cs.umd.edu/~mvz/bible/wildish.pdf (If you have trouble
loading this PDF document, check out the Google cache, available for a
limited amount of time:
I hope that this Answer is more than satisfactory. However, if
anything is unclear, please don?t hesitate to request a Clarification.
These KEYWORDS proved most useful:
physicist Moses part*
physicist Moses "Red Sea"
cosmic Moses "Red Sea"
planet* Moses "Red Sea"
"Immanuel Velikovsky" "Red Sea"
stars* Moses "Red Sea"
comet* Moses "Red Sea"
Bible miracles planets
Bible miracles stars
Clarification of Answer by
11 Oct 2004 08:49 PDT
Thank you for the great rating...and the tip.
I am going to provide some further details that might interest
you--when you have the time and energy to read through them. Unless
otherwise noted, you can find more information on these topics through
the links provided in my original Answer.
The Long Day/Sun Stopping: Velikovsky claimed that a comet ejected
from the planet Jupiter rushed through the solar system and became the
planet Venus; this, he claimed, not only caused the parting of the Red
Sea, but also the stopping of the Earth's rotation during Joshua's
famous military mission. Other scientists say the earth merely slowed
in its rotation.
Star of Bethlehem: Many scholars point to the years 3 and 2 B.C., when
there were (according to ancient records) several close conjunctions
with Jupiter. Interestingly, this planet symbolized kings to the
ancients. In September 3 B.C., Jupiter came into conjunction with
Regulus?a star associated with kings, and in the constellation of Leo
(the constellation of kings, and associated with the house of Judah).
A month earlier, Jupiter and Venus appeared to touch each other. Also,
in February and May of 2 B.C. Jupiter and REgulus had additional
close conjunctions. In June of 2 B.C., Jupiter and Venus (the two
brightest objects in the sky, except the sun and moon) appeared to be
a single object in the sky. (See ?The Star of Bethlehem?
The ?bloody moon:? Historical records show an eclipse on April 3, 33
AD, when Pilate was in office. Many scholars believe this was the day
of Christ?s crucifixion, as described in the New Testament. Why was
it called ?the bloody moon?? This was a fairly common term in ancient
literature. When the moon is in eclipse, it?s in the Earth?s shadow.
It receives no direct light from the sun, and is lit by the dim light
refracted and red-shifted by the Earth's atmosphere. Therefore, the
moon has a dull red appearance.