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Q: Chief Supreme Court Justice ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Subject: Chief Supreme Court Justice
Category: Reference, Education and News > Current Events
Asked by: tanstafaal-ga
List Price: $10.00
Posted: 08 Nov 2004 09:15 PST
Expires: 08 Dec 2004 09:15 PST
Question ID: 426131
How is the Chief Supreme Court Justice appointed and approved
Subject: Re: Chief Supreme Court Justice
Answered By: tar_heel_v-ga on 08 Nov 2004 09:39 PST

Thanks for your question regarding the Supreme Court.  Supreme Court
Justices are nominated by the President whenever there is a vacancy on
the Court.  The nominated Associates are then confirmed by the United
States Senate.  In the case the of the Chief Justice of the United
States (which is the proper title), the case is the same.  The
President nominates someone for the position of Chief Justice and they
go through the same confirmation hearing.  Sometimes, not always
though, the Chief Justice is elevated from their position as an
Associate Justice.  Of the 16 Chief Justices, only 3 have been chosen
from the existing Justices.  Regardless of whether or not they are
currently an Associate Justice, Chief Justice nominees must go through
the Senate approval process in order to assume the Chief Justice

The Chief Justice, while carrying a single vote as all the other
Justices, has additional duties:

-He/She presides over impeachment hearings
-Traditionally presides over Presidential Inagurations, though this is
not constitutional as any federal jusdge has the power to administer
the oath.
-Serves as Chacellor of the Smithsonian
-If the Chief Justice is in the majority of a decision, he or she may
write the opinion or may assign it.

The following is a list of all the Chief Justices of the United
States, along with their term and nominating President:

1 John Jay 1789-1795 George Washington 
2 John Rutledge 1795 George Washington 
3 Oliver Ellsworth 1796-1800 George Washington 
4 John Marshall 1801-1835 John Adams 
5 Roger Brooke Taney 1836-1864 Andrew Jackson 
6 Salmon Portland Chase 1864-1873 Abraham Lincoln 
7 Morrison Remick Waite 1874-1888 Ulysses S. Grant 
8 Melville Weston Fuller 1888-1910 Grover Cleveland 
9 Edward Douglass White? 1910-1921 William Howard Taft 
10 William Howard Taft 1921-1930 Warren G. Harding 
11 Charles Evans Hughes 1930-1941 Herbert Hoover 
12 Harlan Fiske Stone? 1941-1946 Franklin Delano Roosevelt 
13 Frederick Moore Vinson 1946-1953 Harry S. Truman 
14 Earl Warren 1953-1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower 
15 Warren Earl Burger 1969-1986 Richard Nixon 
16 William Hubbs Rehnquist? 1986-present Ronald Reagan 

Thanks again for your question.  If you need any additional
clarification, please let me know.



Search Strategy:
US Supreme Court "Chief Justice" nominated


Request for Answer Clarification by tanstafaal-ga on 09 Nov 2004 05:39 PST
What is the confirmation required by the senate

Clarification of Answer by tar_heel_v-ga on 09 Nov 2004 09:43 PST
Under Aricle II, Section 2, clause 2 of the Constitution the Senate
"is to provide its advice and consent to a nomination. Key Senators,
particularly those on the Senate Judiciary Committee, typically are
consulted in advance by the White House about the merits of potential
nominees. After a nomination is made, it is assigned to the Judiciary
Committee. The Committee holds a public hearing and a subsequent vote
is taken to report the nomination to the full Senate. A majority vote
of the Senate is required to confirm a nominee"

Bush Supreme Court Nominees and Appointments

Request for Answer Clarification by tanstafaal-ga on 10 Nov 2004 05:43 PST
I'm confused as to what is the difference between an Associate Justice
and a Regular Justice of the Supreme court?

Clarification of Answer by tar_heel_v-ga on 10 Nov 2004 06:30 PST
Associate Justice is the official title of a judge who sits on the
Supreme Court of the United States.  There are 8 Associate Justices
and Chief Justice.

Request for Answer Clarification by tanstafaal-ga on 11 Nov 2004 06:08 PST
I'm still confused.  If of the 16 Chief Justices in history, only 3
have been chosen from the existing Justices, where did the other 13
come from?  Where they brand new nominees to the Court who right away
where also nominated as the Chief Justice?

Clarification of Answer by tar_heel_v-ga on 11 Nov 2004 06:43 PST

In essence, you are correct.  The 13 Chief Justices who were not
Associate Justices were nominated for Chief Justice as their
appointment to the Supreme Court.  Below is a quick summary of what
each did prior to becoming Chief Justice:

John Jay:  The 1st Chief Justice, so obviously couldn't be an
Associate Justice.  Jay was a diplomat prior to being named Chief
John Rutledge:  Governor of South Carolina, served as Chief Justice
for only one year
Oliver Elsworth:  Lawyer
John Marshall:  Secretary of State
Roger Tanney: Secretary of the Treasury
Salmon Chase:  Secretary of the Treasury
Morrison Waite:  Lawyer
Melville Fuller:  Lawyer
Edward White:  First Associate Justice to be elevated to Chief Justice
William Taft:  27th President of the United States
Charles Hughes:  Secretary of State
Harlan Stone:  Associate Justice, US Supreme Court
Frederick Vinson:  Secretary of the Treasury
Earl Warren:  Governor of California
Warren Burger:  District of Columbia Court of Appeals Judge
William Rehnquist:  Associate Justice, US Supreme Court

Thanks again for your question.

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