Thanks for your clarification. In order to make this answer concise,
yet complete and easy for you to use, I have taken your
?fill-in-the-blank? sentences in order, and then followed each brief
answer with explanatory notes and the sources for my information. So
let?s get right to it.
1. ?According to the World Health Organization, 90% of the world?s
cases of malaria occur in sub-Saharan Africa.?
Sources and Explanatory Notes:
The World Health Organization (?WHO?) held a ?Summit on Malaria? in
April 2000. The 90% figure was widely cited in connection with that
summit. For example:
?Malaria is today one of the two top killer diseases in sub-Saharan
Africa. It causes more than one million deaths each year, most of them
among children under five years of age. . . . ?Since 90% of cases
of the disease worldwide occur in Africa, the Region has become the
main focus of the efforts to Roll Back Malaria.?
WHO: African Region: Direct: Speeches: Summit On Malaria
This WHO document also uses the 90% figure as an estimate of
sub-Saharan Africa?s share of malarial deaths:
?The vast majority of malaria deaths occur in Africa, south of the
Sahara, where malaria also presents major obstacles to social and
economic development. . . . There are at least 300 million acute
cases of malaria each year globally, resulting in more than a million
deaths. Around 90% of these deaths occur in Africa, mostly in young
Roll Back Malaria Info Sheets (click on ?Malaria in Africa?)
(WHO seems to use the terms ?Africa? and ?sub-Saharan Africa?
interchangeably. This is understandable insofar as the African
Region of WHO is comprised almost entirely of sub-Saharan countries
and because these diseases are endemic to this region. In my
judgment, you are justified in associating the term ?sub-Saharan? in
connection with the malaria and tuberculosis data for those reasons.}
2. ?According to the World Health Organization, sub-Saharan Africa
accounted for 26% of the world?s cases of tuberculosis in 2002. ?
This information is contained in this table published by WHO, which is
entitled ?Estimated TB incidence and mortality, 2002?:
WHO: Media Centre: Fact Sheets
(Note that the percentages are contained in parentheses in the first
column of the table.?)
3. ?According to UNESCO, sub-Saharan Africa had an estimated adult
literacy rate of 61% in 2000. The breakdown between literacy rates
for men and women in the region was 69% for the male adult populations
and 54% for women.?
The source for this information is a table published in a United
Nations document entitled ?World Education Report 2000: The Right To
Education: Towards Education For All
Throughout Life.? Here is a direct link to the table:
UNESCO: World Education Report: Table 2.3, Estimated adult literacy
rates, by region, 1970 and 2000
4. ?According to the World Research Institute (?WRI?), GDP per capita
in sub-Saharan Africa declined by about 20% between 1990-2002
(although it spiked higher in 2003, possibly because of the sudden
drop in the value of the dollar). During the same period (again
ignoring a spike in 2003), GDP per capita rose in Europe by 19% and in
North America by 35%. It is especially interesting to note that for
the overall category WRI calls ?Low Income Countries,? GDP per
capital steadily rose during the 1990-2002 period and was 17% higher
at the end of the period than in 1990.?
Source and Explanatory Notes:
This GDP data comes from the very useful website of the World Research
Institute and is based on GDP data generated by the World Bank (and
available only in a $100 report) and population data from the United
Nations. Here is a link to the versatile search page, from which one
can generate GDP-per capita data on a country or regional basis:
Earth Trends: World Research Institute: Searchable Index
And here is a link to the WRI?s home page, so that you evaluate the
organization as a source for your project::
Earth Trends: World Resource Institute
I have included data only for Africa, Europe and North America because
the data for South America are inconsistent with these data in that
they show an unexplained steady decline in GDP per capita since 1998.
Data for Asia is not available on the site, probably because the
primary-source GDP data from the World Bank report does not include
I have chosen the period 1990-2002 for defining GDP per capita trends
because the WRI data for Europe only goes back that far. If you are
interested in going back as far as 1981 for Africa, the trend would
remain the same and the percentage change can be easily computed.
Finally, as noted above, I have ignored the upward spike (in all the
regions) in 2003, since it seems to be anomalous and may be explained
by the sudden and rapid decline in the value of the dollar, although
this is only my rather uneducated guess.
Here are the year-by-year breakdowns of the GDP per capita data in
current U.S. dollars for sub-Saharan Africa, Europe, North America and
the overall category of ?Low Income Countries:?
Low Income Countries
I am familiar with the WHO website, which has a very useful store of
information and flexible search engine. I used a variety of Google
searches to find the WRI site and to gain reasonable confidence that
there is no authoritative inconsistent information from other sources.
Here are a few of the more useful searches:
"overall literacy rate" africa
"GDP per capita" region
unesco "world education report"
Based on your clarification, I believe that this information will be
useful to you. If further clarification is needed, please ask for it
before rating the answer.