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Q: Health and Development Statistics for Africa ( Answered ,   0 Comments )
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 Subject: Health and Development Statistics for Africa Category: Health Asked by: drfloodd-ga List Price: \$125.00 Posted: 07 Jan 2005 14:00 PST Expires: 06 Feb 2005 14:00 PST Question ID: 453765
 ```NEED ANSWERS BY COB MONDAY JANUARY 10,2005 Please fill in the following blanks: Africa has ________ percent(approximate) of the world's known cases of malaria. Africa has ________ percent(approximate) of the world's known cases of tuberculosis. Africa has an average literacy rate of _______ percent(If need be, please average the numbers for women and men, which may be considerably diiferent) Over the past five years, Africa's GDP per capita compared to other regions(ie: Europe, Asia, Sotuh America etc) is_______________. This could be either a zero, meaning no growth or a negative number, meaning a decline in GDP per capita.``` Request for Question Clarification by markj-ga on 07 Jan 2005 15:29 PST ```drfloodd -- I am optimistic about getting useful data for you quickly, but I need your reaction to a few questions based on my preliminary research to make sure that I am on the right track: 1. Malaria. I can give you data from reliable sources on approximate cases of malaria in Africa as a percentage of worldwide cases for at least two fairly recent years (1990 would likely be one of them). Depending on the source and year, these percentage estimates would fall somewhere in a range of 10 percentage points of each other. Would that be sufficiently precise and recent for your purposes? If not, what would be? 2. Tuberculosis. I have a firm estimate from a very reliable source. No problem there. 3. I have found an overall literacy rate for Africa from a reliable source for 2000. Is that recent enough for your purposes? 4. As for the GDP per capita issue, I'm not sure I understand your question. I have found a good source for annual GDP per capita for sub-Saharan Africa and for other world regions going back from 2003 for at least 20 years (depending on the region). Are you looking just for a GDP per capita number for each of the most current five years (to 2003) for Africa and other world regions? Or do you want computations of a rate of growth (positive or negative) for each region, or something else? And would data for sub-Saharan Africa be suitable for your purposes? markj-ga``` Clarification of Question by drfloodd-ga on 07 Jan 2005 20:58 PST ```Mark, Great job so far and expeditous as well. Thanks. Should have mnade clear that the numbers I really need are those for sub-Saharan Africa. These will be easier and more dramatic although perhaps not as cuurent. For malaria, I need as close to current numbers as you can find. But all I need to say is that sub-saharan Africa has approximately __________percent of the cases of malaria today. Great precison is not necesary, we just have to be in ballpark. As regards literacy rate, I got one from WHO which I think said it was almost 70% for men and lower for women. I doubt these figures. Whatever you find, make sure it is for sub-saharan Africa as I am sure those figures would be lower. Again I need to say that sub-saharan africa has a literacy rate of, which is __________ percent lower than the average of the rest of the world. 4. with regards to this question. I would like 2 pieces of information for africa and america/western europe/ and asia. First the GDP per capita in purchasing power parity of these 3 regions post WWII, and the GDP growth rates for these 3 regions over the same time period. Thus, the GDP in PPP US Dollars for 1.america, europe and asia and africa and 2. gdp growth rates for america , europe and asia and africa post WWII. Basically I would like to be able to demonstrate that while after world war II, the US, Europe and many Asian countries saw a lot of develpment and economic boom, africa has stagnated with a low GDP, and a low and perhaps negative growth rate. I will be off email tomoorw from 9am to 5pm so if you need further clarification, please text or call me on my cell 917-545-3100. I am completing final report that needs to be in final by Monday so I greatly apprecite your quick help.``` Request for Question Clarification by markj-ga on 08 Jan 2005 01:07 PST ```drfloodd -- Thanks for your clarification. I think that's enough for me to work with today. One further question on your clarification. You now say that you are looking for GDP-per-capita information since WWII. The very good source that I have found goes back only to 1981 for sub-Saharan Africa and back to the 60s or 70s for other regions. Based on your original question, I will assume for now that information based on 1990-2003 GDP data will work for you. I don't knoyet whether the limitation to sub-Saharan Africa will be a problem, but I don't think so. Finally, researchers are strictly prohibited from direct contact with customers, so I cannot call you, although I don't think that will be a problem anyway. Because of your stringent time limitation, what I propose to do is prepare and post an answer today. Then, if it needs tweaking, you can ask for clarification of that answer. markj-ga```
 ```drfloodd -- Thanks for your clarification. In order to make this answer concise, yet complete and easy for you to use, I have taken your ?fill-in-the-blank? sentences in order, and then followed each brief answer with explanatory notes and the sources for my information. So let?s get right to it. 1. ?According to the World Health Organization, 90% of the world?s cases of malaria occur in sub-Saharan Africa.? Sources and Explanatory Notes: The World Health Organization (?WHO?) held a ?Summit on Malaria? in April 2000. The 90% figure was widely cited in connection with that summit. For example: ?Malaria is today one of the two top killer diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. It causes more than one million deaths each year, most of them among children under five years of age. . . . ?Since 90% of cases of the disease worldwide occur in Africa, the Region has become the main focus of the efforts to Roll Back Malaria.? WHO: African Region: Direct: Speeches: Summit On Malaria http://www.afro.who.int/regionaldirector/speeches/rd200000417.html This WHO document also uses the 90% figure as an estimate of sub-Saharan Africa?s share of malarial deaths: ?The vast majority of malaria deaths occur in Africa, south of the Sahara, where malaria also presents major obstacles to social and economic development. . . . There are at least 300 million acute cases of malaria each year globally, resulting in more than a million deaths. Around 90% of these deaths occur in Africa, mostly in young children. ? Roll Back Malaria Info Sheets (click on ?Malaria in Africa?) http://rbm.who.int/cgi-bin/rbm/rbmportal/custom/rbm/programView.do?pageTypeId=10951&programPage=%2Fcustom%2Fprogram%2Fdefault.jsp&programId=11077&channelId=-10702&BV (WHO seems to use the terms ?Africa? and ?sub-Saharan Africa? interchangeably. This is understandable insofar as the African Region of WHO is comprised almost entirely of sub-Saharan countries and because these diseases are endemic to this region. In my judgment, you are justified in associating the term ?sub-Saharan? in connection with the malaria and tuberculosis data for those reasons.} 2. ?According to the World Health Organization, sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 26% of the world?s cases of tuberculosis in 2002. ? Source: This information is contained in this table published by WHO, which is entitled ?Estimated TB incidence and mortality, 2002?: WHO: Media Centre: Fact Sheets http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs104/en/ (Note that the percentages are contained in parentheses in the first column of the table.?) 3. ?According to UNESCO, sub-Saharan Africa had an estimated adult literacy rate of 61% in 2000. The breakdown between literacy rates for men and women in the region was 69% for the male adult populations and 54% for women.? Source: The source for this information is a table published in a United Nations document entitled ?World Education Report 2000: The Right To Education: Towards Education For All Throughout Life.? Here is a direct link to the table: UNESCO: World Education Report: Table 2.3, Estimated adult literacy rates, by region, 1970 and 2000 http://www.unesco.org/education/information/wer/PDFeng/wholewer.PDF 4. ?According to the World Research Institute (?WRI?), GDP per capita in sub-Saharan Africa declined by about 20% between 1990-2002 (although it spiked higher in 2003, possibly because of the sudden drop in the value of the dollar). During the same period (again ignoring a spike in 2003), GDP per capita rose in Europe by 19% and in North America by 35%. It is especially interesting to note that for the overall category WRI calls ?Low Income Countries,? GDP per capital steadily rose during the 1990-2002 period and was 17% higher at the end of the period than in 1990.? Source and Explanatory Notes: This GDP data comes from the very useful website of the World Research Institute and is based on GDP data generated by the World Bank (and available only in a \$100 report) and population data from the United Nations. Here is a link to the versatile search page, from which one can generate GDP-per capita data on a country or regional basis: Earth Trends: World Research Institute: Searchable Index http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/index.cfm?theme=5&variable_ID=638&action=select_countries And here is a link to the WRI?s home page, so that you evaluate the organization as a source for your project:: Earth Trends: World Resource Institute http://earthtrends.wri.org/ I have included data only for Africa, Europe and North America because the data for South America are inconsistent with these data in that they show an unexplained steady decline in GDP per capita since 1998. Data for Asia is not available on the site, probably because the primary-source GDP data from the World Bank report does not include it. I have chosen the period 1990-2002 for defining GDP per capita trends because the WRI data for Europe only goes back that far. If you are interested in going back as far as 1981 for Africa, the trend would remain the same and the percentage change can be easily computed. Finally, as noted above, I have ignored the upward spike (in all the regions) in 2003, since it seems to be anomalous and may be explained by the sudden and rapid decline in the value of the dollar, although this is only my rather uneducated guess. Additional Information: Here are the year-by-year breakdowns of the GDP per capita data in current U.S. dollars for sub-Saharan Africa, Europe, North America and the overall category of ?Low Income Countries:? Sub-Saharan Africa 2003 597.0 2002 474.2 2001 481.4 2000 503.6 1999 510.2 1998 525.3 1997 573.7 1996 567.1 1995 554.6 1994 504.4 1993 533.1 1992 584.4 1991 599.5 1990 593.8 Europe 2003 16,740.4 2002 13,763.9 2001 12,609.5 2000 12,414.8 1999 13,254.0 1998 13,372.8 1997 13,153.9 1996 13,875.8 1995 13,633.9 1994 12,108.0 1993 11,559.3 1992 12,638.4 1991 11,794.5 1990 11,591.3 North America 2003 36,043.3 2002 34,482.5 2001 33,518.3 2000 33,147.4 1999 31,554.0 1998 30,166.9 1997 29,057.3 1996 27,608.2 1995 26,468.5 1994 25,490.0 1993 24,368.8 1992 23,584.6 1991 22,756.9 1990 22,313.5 Low Income Countries 2003 475.4 2002 418.0 2001 403.5 2000 396.1 1999 390.7 1998 381.0 1997 387.1 1996 375.9 1995 349.5 1994 318.3 1993 304.4 1992 300.5 1991 324.8 1990 355.8 Search Strategy: I am familiar with the WHO website, which has a very useful store of information and flexible search engine. I used a variety of Google searches to find the WRI site and to gain reasonable confidence that there is no authoritative inconsistent information from other sources. Here are a few of the more useful searches: "overall literacy rate" africa ://www.google.com/search?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rls=GGLD,GGLD:2004-53,GGLD:en&q=+%22overall+literacy+rate%22+africa "GDP per capita" region ://www.google.com/search?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rls=GGLD,GGLD:2004-53,GGLD:en&q=%22GDP+per+capita%22+region unesco "world education report" ://www.google.com/search?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8&rls=GGLD,GGLD:2004-53,GGLD:en&q=unesco+%22world+education+report%22 Based on your clarification, I believe that this information will be useful to you. If further clarification is needed, please ask for it before rating the answer. markj-ga``` Request for Answer Clarification by drfloodd-ga on 08 Jan 2005 06:57 PST ```Mark, Well beyond what I needed and extremly thorough, so Thank you. I am running out but will be back for a complete read later and then will be happy to rate. again thank you. Peter``` Clarification of Answer by markj-ga on 08 Jan 2005 07:25 PST ```Peter -- Thanks for your preliminary kind words. The answer may have been longer than you expected because I thought it prudent to include enough material from cited sources to allow you to defend this information if you are called upon to do so. I do hope that the basic information is presented in a form that is convenient and useful. markj-ga```
 drfloodd-ga rated this answer: ```Did an outstanding job in a short time. I would use Mark again for help. If all researchers are as good as Mark, then this is a service I will continue to use.```