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Q: Biblical translation ( Answered 4 out of 5 stars,   1 Comment )
Subject: Biblical translation
Category: Reference, Education and News > Teaching and Research
Asked by: asrael1200-ga
List Price: $3.00
Posted: 19 Jan 2005 06:58 PST
Expires: 18 Feb 2005 06:58 PST
Question ID: 459809
I want to check on the translation of Luke 2:10, and find out what the
original Hebrew term was, that we translated as "fear".
Subject: Re: Biblical translation
Answered By: byrd-ga on 19 Jan 2005 07:54 PST
Rated:4 out of 5 stars
Hi asrael1200-ga,

As rogerwilco-ga noted in his comment, the New Testament was written
in Greek, not Hebrew. Specifically, it was written in Koine Greek, the
more common type of that language in common usage throughout the Roman
Empire in Biblical times.  Here's a link to some information about the
original Bible languages you might find interesting and useful:

And here's a link to a page that addresses the topic of usefulness of
literal translations vs. other types of translations:

As to the passsage and word you're particularly asking about, the
original word translated as "fear" is "fobevw" in Greek, or more
commonly, "phobeo."  It's definition is "to fear, to be afraid."  You
can find a very detailed analysis of the word at's
interlinear online translation, here: 

The main page for the Greek lexicon is here: 

If you don't understand something, or have difficulty with a link,
please be sure to ask in a Request for Clarification before rating and
closing your question, so I can be sure you have the information you
were looking for.

Best wishes,

Clarification of Answer by byrd-ga on 19 Jan 2005 08:12 PST
My apologies, I failed to include my search strategy with the answer.
Actually, as an amateur Bible scholar, I relied heavily on my own
personal bookmarks, which included both Crosswalk and the Bible
Resource Center. However, I did also use the following search terms,
which you might find useful if you want to do a little more digging:

[Bible original language translation literal OR "word by word"]
[Greek New Testament interlinear]
asrael1200-ga rated this answer:4 out of 5 stars
Cheers, byrd! ( charlie, by chance?)

Subject: Re: Biblical translation
From: rogerwilco-ga on 19 Jan 2005 07:13 PST
For the New Testament, the original will be Greek, not Hebrew.

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