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Q: the role of school development plan and its implications for bilingual children ( Answered 4 out of 5 stars,   0 Comments )
Subject: the role of school development plan and its implications for bilingual children
Category: Reference, Education and News > Education
Asked by: pericp107-ga
List Price: $5.00
Posted: 31 Jul 2002 07:12 PDT
Expires: 30 Aug 2002 07:12 PDT
Question ID: 47404
what is the role of school development plan and its implications for
the education bilingual children
Subject: Re: the role of school development plan and its implications for bilingual children
Answered By: historybuff-ga on 31 Jul 2002 08:44 PDT
Rated:4 out of 5 stars
Thank you for a question that's interested me for years. The key study
on your topic is the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988. 
The study itself is available, plus many in the field have analyzed
and written new studies drawing on it's data.  A good summary of the
study (much longer than an abstract) is found at the NORC web site:

The study has caused much controversy, and of course study analysts
drew varying conclusions often colored by their point of view.  So in
fact, the answer to the role of development programs for bilingual
children is that it depends on whose study you read.  By using the
name of this study in a search you will find an endless supply of
analysis, some more opinionated than others.  I've tried to narrow my
references to the most academic rather than political sources.

Just in case you want all the detail statistics, the Internation
Archive of Education Data web site has the original study available
for download as publication 6961, National Education Longitudinal
Study: Base Year through Third Follow-up, 1988-1994. To get the
document, downloadable in sections, they require registering an email
address and answering a few questions about the intent of your
research.  I followed the steps and it got me to the downloads.  Here
is how to get to the original study:

select the link entitled "data and documentation".  You will find
publication 6961 at the bottom of the list.
Here is an article that discusses outcomes.  Quoting from the
abstract, the study says, "This review examines the reported findings
and corresponding implications of the national investigation entitled
'Longitudinal Study of Immerstion Strategy, Early-Exit, and Late-Exit
Transitional Bilingual Education Programs for Language-minority
Childeren' commissioned by the U.S. Department of Education in 1983
and completed in 1991.  The review is intended to assist policy makers
and practitioners in identifying the key outcomes of the study and to
understand the outcomes within the context of other related research
on language-minority education."  The document is available in PDF
format, but web page indicates where to download the free PDF reader
just in case you don't have it.  To download the file, scroll down on
the page a bit to the link BELOW their instructions on how to get the
PDF reader.  I mention this because it tripped me up at first!

For additional reading, The Bilingual Research Journal online is
available at this web site:

The following article does not give statistics on outcomes, but rather
explains and suggests criteria for evaluating the results of bilingual
education plans. 'Successful bilingual Education Programs: Development
and the Dissemination of Criteria to Identify Promising and Examplary
Practices in the Bilingual Education at the national Level', from the
Interculatural Development research Association (IDRA)

I hope I've aimed my answer correctly at your question.  If your
question was somewhat different from what I understood, please feel
free to request clarification and I will redirect my search.



Clarification of Answer by historybuff-ga on 31 Jul 2002 08:50 PDT
search strategy:
"bilingual education" schools "development plan"
"bilingual education" "development plan" implications
"bilingual education" "longitudinal study"
"National Education Longitudinal Study"

Request for Answer Clarification by pericp107-ga on 01 Aug 2002 15:48 PDT
I am interested in information regarding the primary school in the Uk
which will contain the role of school development plan and its
implication for  educating bilingual/ethnic minority children

Clarification of Answer by historybuff-ga on 01 Aug 2002 18:42 PDT

I had not understood before that you were seeking information about
education oucomes in the UK.

A research paper on outcomes, 'Equal Opportunities : Bilingual Pupils
in U.K. Schools' is found at the link below.  I realize the site is in
French, but the entire document is presented in English.

A  British book on the topic of bilingual education is described in
the document below, page 13.  I checked and it's available online from

Another book that addresses your topic follows.  I've pasted the
description of the topics covered as well.
TITLE: Dual Language Education. Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.
AUTHOR: Lindholm-Leary, Kathryn J. 
ABSTRACT: Dual language education is a programme that combines
language minority and language majority students for instruction
through two languages. This book provides the conceptual background
for the programme and discusses major implementation issues. Research
findings summarize language proficiency and achievement outcomes from
8000 students at 20 schools, along with teacher and parent attitudes.
Chapters titles include the following: "Language Education Programs
and Politics"; "Theoretical and Conceptual Foundations for Dual
Language Education Programs"; "Critical Features of Successful
Language Education Programs: Design and Implementation Issues"; "Dual
Language Education School Characteristics and Data Collection";
"Teacher Background and Perceptions of Support, Program Planning,
Instructional Practices, and Efficacy"; "Teacher Talk in Dual Language
Education Classrooms"; "Parent Involvement, Attitudes, and
Satisfaction in Dual Language Education Programs"; "Student Outcomes:
Introduction and Data Collection"; "Student Outcomes: Oral Language
Proficiency"; "Student Outcomes: Academic Language Proficiency,
Reading and Language Achievement"; "Student Outcomes in Reading and
Literacy: Standardized Achievement Tests vs. Alternative Assessment";
"Student Outcomes: Content Area Achievement in Mathematics, Science,
and Social Studies"; "Student Outcomes: Attitudes"; "Summary and
Conclusions"; and "Implications." An appendix is included. (Contains
451 references.) (KFT)
MAJOR_DESCRIPTORS: Outcomes of Education; Program Development; Second
Language Learning; Teacher Role;

I've included part of the description of the following book which says
"..look at theoretical issues and then describes a community bilingual
education program in London. Issues addressed include the distinction
between additive and subtractive bilinguality, the relationship
between contexts and outcomes..."
TITLE: A Project of Community Bilingual Education: Some Theoretical
and Applied Issues.
AUTHOR: Blanc, Michel 

Since these are books, they are obviously not available in their
entirety for reading online.  If you have difficulty locating these
publications at a library or bookstore, you may order them from the
ERIC database.  Start by going to this web site:

In the search boxes, type in 
united kingdom

Click the "search" button and you will pull up the list.  Click the
"obtain" button to order the publication.

I hope I've succeeded in more specifically addressing your query.


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