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Q: Does technology increase or decrease social isolation and alienation? ( No Answer,   3 Comments )
Question  
Subject: Does technology increase or decrease social isolation and alienation?
Category: Relationships and Society
Asked by: college_professor-ga
List Price: $50.00
Posted: 15 Feb 2005 06:02 PST
Expires: 17 Mar 2005 06:02 PST
Question ID: 474854
Please provide 10 to 15 brief summaries of specific books, papers,
citations, real-life examples that address technology's negative or
positive effects on social interaction. Technology in this case
includes e-mail, instant messaging and voice mail; i.e any
communication process that eliminates or reduces real time interaction
in social(non-business)settings.
* Telephones are real-time and are excluded.
* I am not looking for a discussion of obvious benefits (such as
increased productivity or convenience).
* I am looking for insight into the emotional/social/spiritual
perspective of the question.
* The sources you provide can argue for or against the question.
Answer  
There is no answer at this time.

Comments  
Subject: Re: Does technology increase or decrease social isolation and alienation?
From: am777-ga on 15 Feb 2005 12:39 PST
 
I'd say it is often a fine line between whether the effect is positive or negative,
mostly due to the fact of the anonymity on the web...
Mediated Communication
Assignment One
Electronic Media: Changing Social Behaviour?

Joshua Meyrowitz puts forward a technologically determinist model of
communication with claims that new media influence social behaviour. 
He discusses ?the impact of electronic media on social situations?
(Meyrowitz, 1985: 93) and puts forward the argument that 'electronic
media tend to merge personal and public spheres' (Meyrowitz, 1985:
107) and as a result blur the dividing line between private and public
behaviours.  As new communication technologies become available, new
questions are posed as to their effect on social behaviour.

In this assignment I will look at existing studies by concentrating on
two media: the World Wide Web and its use by people to construct an
online identity and mobile phones and their impact on public
situations.  In a bid to discover whether social behaviour is affected
and to what extent, I will look from a socially determinist angle at
how people use media and their purposes and from a technologically
determinist perspective at the affordances and constraints offered by
particular media.

The World Wide Web is a medium of communication that allows
information to be transmitted on a global scale.  Its increasing
accessibility has allowed it to gain a pivotal role in many people?s
lives and serves a number of functions.  An example of the increasing
provision of internet tools can be seen in the services offered by
ISP?s (internet service providers) when internet users sign up to
broadband or dial-up internet.  Many ISP?s offer free web hosting in
addition to connection services and an opportunity to create an online
identity through construction of a personal web page.

Chandler identifies that personal home pages can play a significant
role in allowing users to consider the way they wish to be
represented.  Chandler comments:
Creating pages offers an unrivalled opportunity for self-presentation?
such a virtual environment offers a unique context in which one may
experiment with shaping one's own public identity.  (Chandler, 1997)
The ?virtual environment? that Chandler discusses suggests a certain
degree of anonymity perhaps because the author is detached from their
audience.

In her book Life on the Screen, Turkle also describes the different
purposes that authors create a home page to achieve.  She suggests
that the author?s online identity mirrors their real life identity but
the fact that this is a representation must be taken into
consideration.  She mentions the possibilities of ?self discovery? and
?self transformation? (Turkle, 1997: 260) as well as the idea of
?escapism? through a constructed identity which emphasises aspects
which the author prefers about themselves.

Private behaviour is generally associated with the individual as
opposed to public behaviour which is linked with group activity. 
Therefore, it is not illogical that the internet be considered a
public medium as it may be employed by users as both a tool to
experiment with their identity and a platform to identify themselves
as part of a group with a certain degree of anonymity.  This is an
obvious blurring of private and public behaviour as we can see that
the medium offers the user anonymity (a private concept) yet a sense
of belonging to particular groups (a public concept).  Wallace
suggests that the medium may in fact encourage ?group polarization?
(Wallace, 2001: 79) usually seen in public behaviour due to the fact
that geography is not a restricting factor and finding others with
similar interests is made easier.

The differentiation between public and private behaviour is becoming
less apparent as society becomes more tolerant of new technologies. 
Due to the speed at which technology is advancing in today?s society,
new electronic communication media are becoming an increasingly
important influence on everyday life and so we find ourselves adapting
to it faster than ever before.  In this way technology creates new
conventions and establishes new social norms.  Meyrowitz states that
?the live, ongoing nature of most electronic communications makes it
much more difficult to separate the public thread of experience from
the private one? (Meyrowitz, 1985:) or the sending of an e-mail114).

References

	Brown, Barry, Nicola Green & Richard Harper (Eds) (2002): Wireless
World: Social and Interactional Aspects of the Mobile Age.  London:
Springer-Verlang UK
	Calvert, Clay (2000): Voyeur Nation: Media, Privacy and Peering in
Modern Culture.  Oxford: Westview Press
	Chandler, Daniel (1997): Writing Oneself in Cyberspace.  [WWW
document] URL http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Documents/short/homepgid.html
[accessed: 21/10/2004]
	Duby, Georges (Ed) & Arthur Goldhammer (Trans) (1988): A History of
Private Life ? Volume II: Revelations of the Medieval World.  Harvard
University Press
	Guardian, The (2003): Google buys Blogger web service.  [WWW
document]  URL http://media.guardian.co.uk/newmedia/story/0,7496,897908,00.html
[accessed: 30/10/2004]
	Katz, James E & Mark Aakhus (Eds) (2002): Perpetual Contact: Mobile
Communication, Private Talk, Public Performance.  Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press
	Meyrowitz, Joshua (1985): No Sense of Place: The Impact of
Electronic Media on Social Behaviour.  New York: Oxford University
Press
	Silverstone, Roger & Maren Hartmann (Eds) (1996): Media and
Information Technologies and the Changing Relationship to Public and
Private Space ? Working Paper.  Brighton: University of Sussex
	Turkle, Sherry (1997): Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of
the Internet.  New York: Simon & Schuster
	Wallace, Patricia (2001): The Psychology of the Internet. 
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Subject: Re: Does technology increase or decrease social isolation and alienation?
From: zippybozo-ga on 18 Feb 2005 13:02 PST
 
I think it increases and descreases at the same time.  I recently
launched www.hipstercards.com and have found through feedback from my
users that they are increasing their contact with friends and family
by sending digital greeting cards.
Best,
Lynda
Subject: Re: Does technology increase or decrease social isolation and alienation?
From: silkstocking-ga on 04 Mar 2005 20:52 PST
 
Check out Barry Wellman's work. He's written at length about the
influence of Internet use on community engagement and sociability.

Also, this website should help: http://www.webuse.umd.edu/

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