Category: Arts and Entertainment > Music
Asked by: melisong-ga
List Price: $10.00
02 Mar 2005 19:03 PST
Expires: 01 Apr 2005 19:03 PST
Question ID: 483771
Is Bono a tenor or a baritone?
Re: vocal ranges
Answered By: vercingatorix-ga on 03 Mar 2005 07:54 PST
Technically, someone who can sing a tenor part only in falsetto is not a tenor. I'm a bass, but I have a pretty good falsetto and can sing most tenor parts. My falsetto, like that of most nonprofessionals, is fairly thin. However, serious singers can train to strengthen their falsetto, and with time they can move smoothly from their normal register into the falsetto without a substantial loss of volume and tone quality. A true tenor can crank out notes well above the middle C without going into falsetto. Here is a decription of the voice parts, written from an opera perspective: http://www.lyricoperaofwaco.org/education/voices/ "TENOR The highest range of the male voice is the tenor. Tenors also have the shortest range- usually from E flat below to A flat above middle C. Tenors often have a lead role as the lover, leader, or hero. Countertenors are artists who use either falsetto or a naturally light and heady tenor voice to sing in the female alto range. BARITONE The middle range of the male voice is the baritone, whose range extends from A flat an octave and 1/3 below middle C up to E flat above middle C. The best baritones have the freedom to move into the higher notes and also descend to the rich lower notes. Baritones play roles from kings to devils, and their lead roles lean to the dark side." http://composers21.com/compdocs/ferneyhb.htm It sounds like Bono is a baritone who has trained his voice such that he can hit tenor notes in falsetto. Such is the situation for many rock stars (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Countertenor), though explaining this fact to nonexperts can be irritating or embarrassing, and most singers just call themselves (or accept being called) tenors. While opera allows for many different technical terms for voice parts, outside of opera, most singers are less picky about the terms. Singers like Bono can be called ?baritone falsettos? or ?falsettists,? though there is some disagreement among purists about what constitutes either. That?s a discussion I?ll leave to college music majors looking to pick a fight. Check the following links that reference baritones who sing in the falsetto. http://www.aristarec.com/aristaweb/CrashTestDummies/info.html http://www.reggiewatts.com/about.aspx http://www.ptloma.edu/music/MUH/baroque/baroquevocrange/baroquevocrange.htm http://www.network54.com/Forum/thread?forumid=108991&messageid=1108517050&lp=1108762070 http://www.spebsqsa.org/web/groups/public/documents/pages/pub_cb_00180.hcsp V
Re: vocal ranges
From: pinkfreud-ga on 02 Mar 2005 19:18 PST
There doesn't appear to be a consensus of opinion: "Bono allegedly picked up his nickname from the Latin Bono Vox (good voice), but it was initially his charismatic stage presence that helped U2 gain a reputation for live performance. U2's relentless touring schedule quickly boosted his vocal prowess, however, and by the time of the band's groundbreaking 1983 War release, Bono had developed a soaring tenor. Within four years it would become one of the most recognizable voices in popular music." http://www.mp3.com/bono/artists/43380/biography.html "This documentary takes an unprecedented look at the personal history of rock legend Bono, known as much for his idealism and activism with regards to a plethora of worthy causes as for his striking tenor voice, strong lyrical talent, and charisma as the frontman for Irish band U2." http://movies.yahoo.com/shop?d=hv&id=1808609533&cf=info&intl=us " In between the bitter humor of "Seconds," he breaks into joyous flights of wordless melody, his voice soaring in multi-tracked polyphony over the song's slippery rhythms. "Surrender" is lighter still, thanks to its airy melody and the Edge's coolly sustained guitar. In fact, this song is the one instance where the music says more than lyrics ever could, because hearing Bono's blissful tenor floating over the backing vocals." http://grunschev.com/collectorz/details/13020.html "Imbued with arena-ready drama, Bono's liquid falsetto and gritty baritone convey the humble yearning and lucid emotion of an Everyman, not a messiah." http://www.u2station.com/documents/atyclb/albumreviews/usatoday_review.txt "A classic U2 ballad, as always the third track on their albums. Written for Bono's father ('You´re the reason why the opera is in me...'), Edge is singing the chorus in falsetto, joined by Bono's fragile baritone." http://www.u2tour.de/specials/htdaab_prelistening/index_EN.php "The first line of the first song on 'All That You Can't Leave Behind' sets the tone. 'Beautiful Day' opens with a pulsing heartbeat rhythm, soaring-yet-understated keyboards and Bono's subtle baritone leading into one of his classic images: 'The heart is a bloom, shoots up through the stony ground." http://html.channel3000.com/sh/entertainment/stories/entertainment-20001107-150922.html "On a side note, I have to disagree with the person above who described Bono of U2 as a baritone. No way! He's definitely a tenor, and a high one at that. On 'Pride in the Name of Love,' that's a high B he's hitting. In fact, the whole chorus takes place between the E above middle C and the high B. Only a tenor could sing consistently in that range. Then, on 'Bad,' Bono actually hits a high C# when he sings the words 'wide awake.' It's strained and gravelly, but boy is it high. On the other hand, those songs are from the mid-1980s. Bono doesn't sing in that range as much anymore." http://www.2blowhards.com/archives/001179.html
Re: vocal ranges
From: melisong-ga on 03 Mar 2005 19:48 PST
There are physiological and other factors involved in determining range. In classical contexts, a predominance of "head resonance" which involves maintaining a lower position of the larynx (thereby creating room in the pharynx for higher frequencies and more complex overtone formants) was "de riguer". The advent of popular music made acceptable a pushing of the chest register at higher pitches than formerly acceptable (sounding more like speech) which involves a more highly positioned larynx (less overtone). Many baritones of today have developed a complex falsetto that sounds like "tenor" because of the additional chest tones. There are some baritones that train into "heroic tenors" by virtue of their physical capabilities, possibly attributable to longer vocal tract, consistentcy of tissue, breath pressure capacity and overall coordination (that is, TALENT) It's important to find the center of your voice and you will be able to branch out upward and lower in the range as coordination is achieved through practice and time. A tenor CANNOT sing a low A. However, a baritone in today's world effortlessly nail a lower A (A2) AND can ALSO easily nail a stratospheric F# above C5. Listen to Chris Cornell (formerly of Soundgarden, now Audioslave). He's a bona fide baritone that can soar way up there. as does Scott Weiland, Eddie Veder, Bono and many more! But they never sound like Steve Perry (Journey) does up there- that's a whole different translucent timbre reserved only for true tenor. Not necessarily better- just a different timbre.
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