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Q: Canadian children in out-of-home care ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Subject: Canadian children in out-of-home care
Category: Health > Children
Asked by: rcm-ga
List Price: $100.00
Posted: 09 Mar 2005 02:26 PST
Expires: 08 Apr 2005 03:26 PDT
Question ID: 487588
How many Canadian children under 18 are currently living in
out-of-home care situations provided by provincical and territorial
authorities - including those in permanent state care and those in
temporary situations such as custody or emergency care?

Clarification of Question by rcm-ga on 17 Mar 2005 10:17 PST
How many children are currently in out-of-home care across Canada?
Subject: Re: Canadian children in out-of-home care
Answered By: bobbie7-ga on 17 Mar 2005 10:55 PST
According to a paper by the Child Welfare League of Canada, published
in March 2003, there are 76,183 children in out of care homes.

Relevant Excerpts:

?The National Children?s Alliance of Canada, in its desire to become more
knowledgeable about the status of children in care in Canada, commissioned the
Child Welfare League of Canada to develop an informative position paper for
dissemination to the Canadian people, organizations involved in child
welfare, and governmental representatives interested in moving forward
in research and policy development.?

Executive Summary

?Although the number of ?children in care? in Canada is increasing every year,
legislation, policies, and standards of care vary between provinces,
territories, and First Nations. Aboriginal children are
overrepresented as a population within children in care, and many
children in care have special needs requiring specific attention.?

Overview of Children in Care in Canada

?Approximately 76 000 children in Canada are under the protection of Child and
Family Services across the country, and are referred to as children in
care (based on numbers as reported in Child Welfare in Canada 2000, as
well as available Provincial/Territorial Ministry of Child and Family
Services Annual Reports, 2000- 2002). All provinces and territories in
Canada have legislative responsibility for child and family services.
One exception is the federal responsibility for Aboriginal peoples
with status under the Indian Act of Canada. Each province and
territory has legislation that defines how children will be protected
from abuse and neglect.?

Increasing Numbers 

?Over the last decade, studies have shown that in Canada, the
vulnerable population of children in need of protection is increasing
significantly (OACAS 2002; CWLC 2001). Human Resources Development
Canada reported that there were 36 080 children in care in Canada,
excluding Quebec, in 1997 (HRDC, 1997). The Child Welfare League of
Canada (CWLC) statistics for 1998/1999 indicate a total number of 46
397 children in care, excluding Quebec (CWLC, 2001). Despite the
increase in children requiring placement in out-of-home care,
proportionately fewer family-based care homes are available, due in
part to problems with the recruitment and retention of foster families
(OACAS, 2002; Barbell & Freundlich, 2001). According to the Ontario
Association of Children?s Aid Societies (OACAS), although 21% more
foster homes
were used in 2001/2002 than in 1998/1999, the rate of placements
increased by 38% (OACAS, 2002).?

Children in Care in Canada
Breakdown by Province or Territory

Ontario (Feb 2003) 
Children in Care:  16,989

Prince Edward Island (Mar 2002)
Children in Care:  329 

British Columbia (Mar 2002)
Children in Care:   10,450

Alberta (Mar 2001) 
Children in Care:  15,032

Newfoundland/Labrador (1999)
Children in Care:  703

New Brunswick (Mar 1999) 
Children in Care:  1,193

Nova Scotia (Mar 1999) 
Children in Care:  1,906

Children in Care:  20,506

Manitoba (Mar 1999) 
Children in Care:  5,358

Saskatchewan (Mar 1999) 
Children in Care:  2,710

Yukon (1999)
Children in Care:  182

Northwest Territories (Mar 2001)
Children in Care:  825

Children in Care:  NA

Total   76,183

Source: Page 8:
The National Children?s Alliance of Canada: March 2003

Download here:

Index of Research Papers and Reports: National Children?s Alliance

?At least 60,000 children, a disproportionate number of whom are
Aboriginal, spend some time in out-of-home care every year. Child
abuse and neglect are associated with poor developmental?

Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare

Search terms:

40000..200000 children ?in out-of-home care?  Canada

I hope you find this information helpful!

Best regards,

Request for Answer Clarification by rcm-ga on 18 Mar 2005 06:48 PST
Thank you. This information is useful although the Ontario Child
Advocate's Office reports higher numbers of children in care in that
province. Could you clarify whether this Office is counting temporary
care numbers along with those placed within foster homes and group

The second question retitled "Canada's children in care" is a repeat.
PLEASE do not answer the second question as it is obviously the same
as the first.

Clarification of Answer by bobbie7-ga on 18 Mar 2005 07:47 PST
Yes, this office is counting temporary care numbers along with those
placed within foster homes and group homes.

According to the paper I previously cited by the Child Welfare League
of Canada, the source of the Ontario figure is from the Ontario
Children?s Aid Society website.(See footnote 3, page 8)

I went to the Ontario Children?s Aid Society website
and found the following information:

There were 18,800 children in care in Ontario on September 30, 2004

Please download CAS Facts
Ontario Association of Children?s Aid Societies
April 1, 2004 ? Sept. 30, 2004

Download CAS Fscts  here:

On page 13 of the above publication,  the chart "COMPARISON OF
PROVINCIAL STATISTICS" shows that foster homes and group homes are
included in the figure provided. The number of children in care for
each year from 1998 to the present are also included.

I hope this helps to clarify the numbers.

Besr regards,
There are no comments at this time.

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