Human Parasites Located in the Uterus
Category: Science > Biology
Asked by: curiousaboutit-ga
List Price: $10.00
22 May 2005 12:28 PDT
Expires: 21 Jun 2005 12:28 PDT
Question ID: 524377
The reason for my asking the following question is a long story involving far to much time surfing the web and theorizing with fellow readers of science fiction. That said, I want to know whether or not there are any known parasites that can/will/do live in the human Uterus and/or vagina. Things that I have found on my own were all of the fungi variety (thus having something to do with candida infections). While the fungi are interesting, I am mostly curious about things that are more bug or worm-like and the physical affects they have on the host (as well as the manner in which they are treated). I have run across several sites that make mention of parasites being able to (theoretically) live in any portion of the body, but the intesitnal track seems to be the primary location of discussion. Considering that the uterus is (to over simplify the description) an open cavity in the human body, wouldn't it stand to reason that there would be parasites there, just as there might be in the intestinal tract (or the heart, or anywhere else)? I'm curious about this being possible anywhere at all, under any circumstances, in the world. I am also curious about how this sort of parasitic infection is acquired. All 'It doesn't happen in the industrialized world so why are you asking?' responses will be ignored.
Re: Human Parasites Located in the Uterus
Answered By: pinkfreud-ga on 22 May 2005 17:10 PDT
Thank you for accepting my findings as your official answer. I've reposted the material below. As mentioned in the very helpful comment by telnady-ga,there really isn't any specific diagnostic process that would be applicable to a case of intrauterine pinworms. Most helminthic parasites are diagnosed by visual means. Either the worms themselves are observed, or their eggs are detected under a microscope. Since this kind of parasitic infestation is not something that gynecologists are typically looking for, it is likely to be a secondary discovery that is made while tests for more common problems are being run. "Pinworms can also be found in the vulva, uterus and fallopian tubes because the female worm loses her way while trying to return to the anus after depositing her eggs." Alternative Health Resources: Parasites http://www.zhealthinfo.com/parasites.htm "Enterobius vermicularis (Family: Oxyuridae) in humans, chimpanzees, and baboons... occasionally ectopic migration of gravid females from the anal region, especially in the human female. This can include infections in the uterus and fallopian tubes, uterine granulomas, invasion of the ovary and, rarely, worms in the peritoneum." Kansas State University: ANIMAL PARASITOLOGY http://www.ksu.edu/parasitology/classes/625nematode22.html "Enterobius vermicularis is usually localised in the caecum, appendix and proximal areas of the ileum and colon. A review of the literature shows that the most frequent extra-intestinal localisation are the fallopian tubes and ovary (10-20%), due to the close proximity of the female reproductive organs to the perianal area. Female Enterobius vermicularis are, infact, able to reach the uterus, inducing salpingitis." ACTA: Chronic sialoadenitis caused by Enterobius vermicularis http://www.actaitalica.it/issues/2003/4_03/11.%20Gargano.pdf One more thing. During my searches, I came across a few references to flukes in the uterus. However, these came from fringe-medicine sources which are, in my opinion, NOT reliable. Please take this with a large grain of salt: "Endometriosis... starts with painful cramps at period times. They get worse and worse until pain killers are necessary just to get out of bed and move about the house. There are flukes in the uterus! Large intestinal flukes in a rather small organ! Did they migrate to the uterus from the intestine or did they develop there from eggs? Sometimes sheep liver fluke is seen there. Once an avenue to the uterus is established, numerous other parasites move in the same direction: Clonorchis, the human liver fluke and even Eurytrema, the pancreatic fluke, can invade the uterus wall." Dr. Hulda Clark: Endometriosis http://www.drhuldaclark.org/ailments_Endometriosis.asp My Google search strategy: Google Web Search: uterine OR uterus OR intrauterine parasite OR parasites ://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=uterine+OR+uterus+OR+intrauterine+parasite+OR+parasites Google Web Search: uterine OR uterus OR intrauterine pinworms OR enterobius ://www.google.com/search?num=100&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=uterine+OR+uterus+OR+intrauterine+pinworms+OR+enterobius I hope this is useful. I found it to be a very interesting (if yucky) research project. Although I read quite few medical articles on a regular basis, I had never heard of intrauterine Best regards, pinkfreud
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I wasn't sure whether i was paying enough because I had no idea if the answer to my question would be a simple 'no' OR something more complete. When I set it up I found myself wishing for the option to post 2 prices - one for the there-is-no-possibile-way-and-weveryone-knows-it answer and one for something more complete. Regardless, I am very happy with the results and will use the service again.
Re: Human Parasites Located in the Uterus
From: telnady-ga on 22 May 2005 15:26 PDT
curiousaboutit, Worms and larger parasites are rarely "tested for" or "diagnosed" in the traditional sense, as you would test for a bacteria, or virus for instance. The reason for this is that the most common and practical tests used by health systems the world over, rely on the detection of antibodies to the parasite in the blood, urine or other patient fluid. Antibodies are markers that the body generates in response to the attack by the parasite, and require certain immune cells to engulf and process the parasite in order for antibodies to be made. In the case of bacteria, viruses and most funghi, this is possible because the parasites (or relevant parts of) are small enough to be engulfed by the immune cells. In the case of a worm, which is many times larger than the immune cells, this is not possible and antibodies are hardly ever generated. The only way to test for worms would be to directly visualize them under microscope. Fortunately, some of them are present right there on the skin and cause us to itch so the process of detection is relatively simple: swipe the skin and look under the microscope. In other cases, such as intestinal parasites (incl. Enterobius) the parasite or its ova can be visualized if you look at stool suspensions under the microscope. With a case like extra-intestinal Enterobius vermicularis that has somehow infested the reproductive tract, it is even more complicated as there is: 1. No easy access. 2. No likelihood of the parasite emerging in a bodily secretion. and 3. Not enough prevalence to make one search for an alternative to these methods. I suppose if a doc has strong reason to believe that whatever symptoms suggest such an Enterobius infestation, they may try to do some sort of swabbing or smearing of the cervix for instance but there is no literature on that. The literature we do have suggests that all the cases of reproductive tract infestation by Enterobius were diagnosed either accidentally, or after the fact (i.e. after an intervention that cured the symptoms) in a biopsy or necropsy. This happens frequently with even more traditional diseases (for example: what particular strain of bacteria has caused your abscess is rarely found out before the abscess is actually drained). For some further reading I suggest: http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=1984;volume=30;issue=1;spage=51;epage=2;aulast=Shroff Also follow the links to the other reports cited by the above link. Having said all that, I encourage you to accept pinkfreud's answer to your question as complete, as there is no real "diagnostic test" for this specific case.
Re: Human Parasites Located in the Uterus
From: pinkfreud-ga on 23 May 2005 10:27 PDT
Thank you very much for the five-star rating and the nice tip! ~pinkfreud
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