Hello brudenell-ga, and thanks for the feedback. I'm glad to hear
that the information thus far is on target for what you need.
I've gathered some additional information on the topics you mentioned:
China, North America, and price trends. For some of these, there are
only smatterings of information, rather than a full story. To really
get the complete picture, you would probably have to purchase one of
the high-price commodity studies available from market research firms.
I trust the information below -- along with the informatin provided
earlier -- fully answers your question.
However, please don't rate this answer until you have everything you
need. If you would like any additional information, just post a
Request for Clarification to let me know how I can assist you further,
and I'm at your service.
All the best,
The lowdown on China seems to be that they have a lot of domestic ore,
but it is generally of low quality (widely dispersed, low Mn content,
costly to extract) and in some areas nearing depletion of
economically-extractable ore. As their domestic steel production
expands, they are an ever-larger presence on the world stage in terms
of importing Mn-containing ores and related products. I've provided
links to information below, along with some relevant excerpts (I can't
post the full articles, since they are copyright-protected).
[This article is two years old, but a good overview just the same]
July 03, 2003
China's Imports of Manganese Ore Soars
--China imported 1.145 million tons of manganese ore during the first
five months of this year, up 35.2 percent year on year, and the upward
trend is likely to continue
--Customs experts said the manganese ore was worth 78.28 million US dollars
--China became the world's biggest manganese ore importer last year as
overall imports totaled 2.08 million tons, a record high, worth 150
million US dollars
--China's steel output jumped to 180 million tons in 2002, and is
expected to reach 210 million tons this year, which translates into an
additional demand for 450,000 tons of manganese ore
--Experts said China's lack of high-grade manganese mines was one of
the reasons behind the rapid increase in the imports.
[This recent article, though from South Africa, offers some good
perspective on the influence of China]
July 26, 2005
Manganese demand to reach record levels
--Demand for manganese, the silver-grey metal that is a key
strengthening ingredient in steel, is expected to reach new heights
--...with China's seemingly insatiable appetite for steel forecast to
continue, it is anticipated that the manganese price - for both ore
and beneficiated alloy - will not lose its shine in the foreseeable
--IMI market research analyst Damien Francaviglia said the institute
anticipates that the real consumption of manganese alloys will be
10,8-million tons this year, compared to 10-million tons last
year...This is an increase of 7% year-on-year.
--Last year, world manganese high-grade-ore production increased by
30%, mid-grade output was stable and low-grade production was up 15%.
--In 2004, South Africa was the largest producer and its output was
1,8-million tons in manganese content.
--The 2005 production increases announced worldwide amount to 5% for
ore and 4% for alloys.
--It is estimated that the steel industry will grow to about
1,1-billion tons this year, which means that manganese demand will
--It is anticipated that, by 2010, the world will produce about
1,4-billion tons of steel, which will require more than 14-million
tons of manganese.
--Depleting manganese resources in China and other countries casts
some uncertainty on the contribution that these countries will be able
to make to raw-material supply.
--The growth in the Chinese economy has given rise to many economists
predicting that commodities have entered a supercycle of rising demand
and prices, the likes of which the world has only seen twice in the
last 150 years...China's steel production in 2004 reached
272,8-million tons and the International Iron and Steel Institute
(IISI) expects that it will exceed 300-million tons in 2005.
--The main driver of the country's demand for steel is its growing
consumer base...About 80-million people in China now have an income of
$20 000 or more a year.
--South Africa's two main manganese producers - Samancor and Assmang -
have projects in place to ramp up production.
--Although countries such as Ukraine, China and India produce greater
tonnages of manganese ore than South Africa and other high-grade
producers, such as Gabon and Australia, their metal content is low, at
about 23%...If low-grade production diminishes from these countries,
South Africa will have 92,7% of global manganese
reserves..."Lower-quality manganese is costly to beneficiate and
transport and, as electricity and fuel costs continue to rise, alloy
producers will continue to place a premium on quality.."
--However, he adds that the logistics side of the local industry is
putting a throttle on the speed at which the product can reach the
The Raw Materials Group has an extensive database of mining operations
around the world -- information is available for a fee. Their
database includes some China mines:
Dounan Manganese Mine is an operating open pit mine in China. It
mainly produces manganese ore.
Donggou-Jiangkou Manganese Mine is an operating open pit mine in
China. It mainly produces manganese ore.
You might want to contact them about costs, and for a fuller
description of the types of information they have for sale.
You can see in the following spreadsheet table:
that ore from China -- although mined in plentiful amounts -- only
contains 20-30% Mn, as compared to some ores from other parts of the
world (South Africa, Gabon, Australia, India), with Mn content in the
And here's one of the high-priced market studies I mentioned, that
includes China as well as all the rest of the world:
The World Market for Manganese Ores and Concentrates Including
Manganiferous Iron Ores and Concentrates with Dry-Weight Manganese
Content of 20% or More: A 2005 Global Trade Perspective
There's very little non-propietary information on North American
manganese ore production, partly because US and Canadian operations
are insigificant in terms of the world market. But even though Mexico
is a producer, there isn't much info out there on what's happening in
Mexico. Here's what I found, however:
Here's mention of one Mexican mining operation, along with contact information:
Grupo Scorpic Sa. De Cv.
big deposit of manganese in mexico, we are looking for clients in
china or any part of the world
Company Name: Grupo Scorpic Sa. De Cv.
Contact Person: Mr Juan Vital
Address: Av. Del Mar #1022 Dept 7, Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico
Telephone: 52 6699 820223
Fax: 52 6699 838303
Mobile Phone: 526691014619
Here's a slightly dated map of mine operations in the US, showing a
single Mn mine in South Carolina:
and here's a bit about the SC mine -- note that the ores seem
restricted to use as brick-additive material, probably an indication
that they are not of a high enough quality for use in steel
Unearthing South Carolina's Riches
...Manganese schist adds body and stability to bricks, as well as
giving them color. It makes bricks brown. It is mined in Cherokee
And for a bit of historical context, here's a list of historical mines
in the US that, at one time, produced manganese:
The following companies are large-scale processors of Mn-containing
materials (ores, alloys, etc):
[NOTE: This link opens up a spreadsheet with numerous tabs on the
bottom -- click on the tabs to see the various tables offered. This
information is Table 3]:
Table 3: Domest Producers of Manganese Products
Erachem Comilog Baltimore, MD
Erachem New Johnsonville, TN
Highlanders Alloys LLC2 New Haven, WV
Eramet Marietta Inc. Marietta, OH
Kerr-McGee Chemical LLC Henderson, NV
Energizer Holdings, Inc.
Eveready Battery Co. Marietta, OH
Canada's production of Mn ore appears to grind to a halt in the 1950's:
Canada's Historical Mineral Production
Canadian Manganese Ore Production,
There's a danger in comparing price trends from different sources,
since the prices can be reported in so many different ways (e.g. price
per ton of ore, price per ton of Mn content, price adjusted for
inflation, etc). I tried to find a single consistent source of
numbers, with some partial success.
First off, here's some perspective on recent price strength and trends:
July 26, 2005
--Steel prices have come off their historic highs since the beginning
of the year...London Metal Exchange (LME) manganese-ore prices have
--High-grade manganese ore - with a manganese content of between 48%
and 50% - traded at the $4/t to $4,50/t level on the LME earlier this
In June, the average price was between $3.75/t and $3.85/t...Harding
believes that the decrease in prices is only temporary and can be
attributed directly to a mild cooling down in the Chinese economy,
which resulted from factors such as a shortage of electricity and the
lifting of some export rebates.
Here are some price trends from 1999-2003, though these seem to be
averaged out for various grades of ore:
SALIENT MANGANESE STATISTICS1
Ore price, dollars per metric ton unit
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
2.26 2.39 2.44 2.30 2.41
The USGS puts out a monthly report on manganese that includes a lot of
information on tonnage, sources, and prices:
Statistics and Information
See, particularly the links to various reports under the heading:
Mineral Industry Surveys
Here's a link to their latest monthly report, for April 2005:
Ore prices for the month for 48%-Mn ore ranged from $4.00-4.95 per ton.
NOTE that the source of the price information is given as Ryan's
Notes, an industry publication on metal prices. Their website is at:
They offer a free trial, in case you're interested!
I also have a call into the USGS contact:
USGS Commodity Specialist
Lisa A. Corathers
I asked her for a good source of long-term trend information for
prices, and if I hear back with any new sources of information, I'll
certainly update you with whatever additional information she can
Again, I hope this is what you needed, but feel free to let me know if
there's anything else I can help you with.
All the best,
search strategy -- Google searches on:
"manganese mine OR mines OR mining OR ore" (china OR mexico OR america
OR canada OR us)