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Q: women in college ( Answered,   3 Comments )
Subject: women in college
Category: Reference, Education and News > Education
Asked by: yeatman-ga
List Price: $10.00
Posted: 02 Aug 2005 12:45 PDT
Expires: 01 Sep 2005 12:45 PDT
Question ID: 550922
How many women are enrolled in undergraduate business programs in America?

How many women are enrolled in MBA programs in America?

Request for Question Clarification by czh-ga on 03 Aug 2005 19:40 PDT
Hello yeatman-ga,

You asked: "What do you think would be a fair price for these two questions?"

I've been researching the four questions regarding women that you have
posted (in reality 7 questions) and tried to get a sense of how much
work will be required to answer them. I also looked at the question on
women Fortune 500 CEOs that you had posted for $2.50 that you got a
perfect answer for with multiple links and you rated as four stars.
I'm not going to bother with a low priced question if the customer
seems very exacting or conservative in their ratings. Even if you
can't offer money, appreciation and affirmation is a welcome payment.

I'm familiar with women's issues and would love to work on your
project but I've been trying to figure out if it's worth the effort.
Remember, researhers get 75% of the answer price. For a $10 question
we get $7.50. I'm also reluctant to undertake research on questions
with multiple elements or topics because if I find the answer to one
but not the other I can't post an answer and I've wasted my time. It's
best to post separate questions for each item unless the subjects are
completely intertwined.

Your questions are tougher than you would think. I've found some
statistics but none of them exactly match the formulation of your
questions. I've found some statistics that are several years old. I've
found that there are some statistics available in research reports
offered for fees ranging up to several hundred dollars. Anything
that's usually included in expensive market research reports is rarely
available for free. US Government reports might be available for some
of the statistics you seek but finding them will take digging. They
did not pop out with a quick and cursory search.

On this question I've found some statistics for the undergraduate
business enrollment in a 2000 report based on 1997-1998 surveys. I've
also found several current reports on surveys of women's MBA
enrollments but they tend to be expressed in percentages not in
enrollment numbers. Sometimes it's hard to tell if the percentages are
based on enrollment numbers or graduating numbers. Most of the
articles I've found are based on various press releases announcing
survey results where the survey reports are avaialble for sale or for
free to members of the organization that conducted the survey.

I'm not sure how to proceed with this question (and your other
questions as well) without getting a better sense of what your project
is about and what kind of information will meet your needs. If you
want the exact statistics as you've phrased them in your question I
don't think I want to bother. As far as price goes, I think $10 per
each of your 7 questions (posted as 4 questions) would be more

I await your clarification.

~ czh ~

Clarification of Question by yeatman-ga on 04 Aug 2005 03:53 PDT
This is my first time using this service so apologies if I don't fully
understand pricing or ratings or whatever.  I don't even know who does
the research - eg, Google folks or just interested third parties.

I'm working on a book proposal.  The book is about how women can get
ahead in business.  My agent said I need more stats regarding how many
women really make it to senior management in major corporations, the
size of the potential readership pool (eg, number of women interested
in business), and some endorsements (hence the association question)
before we can pursue a publisher.  She suggested I try this service as
a fast way to get some facts/stats around those areas.

So, in most cases, I don't need exact numbers but I need to be in the
ballpark or have a way of quantifying what I'm asserting.

I definitely need help and would love for you to work on these
questions.  The answers don't have to be EXACT but they need to be in
the ballpark or of the type that I could use to quantify/support a
point I want to make. I will pay $10 for each answer.  I'm just not
sure how the exact payment method works aside from the process I've
already gone through.

Please let me know if you need more info or if there's something else
I don't understand that would help you help me...
Subject: Re: women in college
Answered By: czh-ga on 04 Aug 2005 16:51 PDT
Hello again yeatman-ga,

Thank you for telling me about your research project. It will
definitely help me to answer your questions.

As I said in my clarification request, it?s hard to come by the
specific statistics you hoped to find. I?ve included some research and
survey reports that will provide you with some hard numbers. I?ve also
included several sites that offer lots of statistical tables that you
need to look at to see if some of them might be helpful.

Since you explained that you?re writing a book, I?ve also included
some trend information and other resources that will help you with
getting more familiar with your subject.

I?ll continue with research on your other questions.

All the best.

~ czh ~

National Center for Education Statistics

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary
federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education
in the U.S. and other nations. NCES is located within the U.S.
Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences. NCES
fulfills a Congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and
report complete statistics on the condition of American education;
conduct and publish reports; and review and report on education
activities internationally.

***** This site offers dozens of reports with hundreds of tables for
analyzing educational statistics using a multitude of filters. I
suggest that you browse this site and see which reports will meet your
needs. I?ve listed several below that I thought were the most

MBA Enrollment for Canada and the U.S. 

MBA Enrollment - U.S. 
Digest of Education Statistics 2000 / Chapter 3-A. Postsecondary
Education: College and University Education/ Table  257.--Bachelor's,
master's, and doctor's degrees conferred by degree-granting
institutions, by sex of student and field of study: 1997-98.  For
additional data and comparative figures for other subjects see the
Digest of Education Statistics 2000.

Business management, administrative services and marketing
operations/marketing and distribution, total
Men:		62,713
Women:	        39,458
Total	       102,171

***** Unfortunately, the totals for undergraduate and graduate
enrollments are lumped together in this survey.

Vol 3, Issue 1, Topic: Link to Postsecondary Education
From Bachelor's Degree to Work: Major Field of Study and Employment
Outcomes of 1992-93 Bachelor's Degree Recipients Who Did Not Enroll in
Graduate Education by 1997

The analysis described in this report investigates the relationship
between undergraduate major and early employment outcomes among
1992?93 college graduates who did not pursue graduate education within
4 years after earning their bachelor?s degree (i.e., as of 1997).

Gender Differences
The findings of the study illustrated substantial gender differences
in earnings among 1992?93 bachelor?s degree recipients who did not
enroll in graduate school by 1997. These differences were more
apparent in 1997, 4 years after most graduates had earned their
bachelor?s degree, than when graduates first entered the labor market.
Looking at individual fields of study, in 1994 men with majors in
business, computer science, communications/journalism, and social
sciences earned higher salaries than women majoring in these fields.
By 1997, men earned more than women in all fields of study except
engineering, health (other than nursing), and humanities and arts
(figure B).

***** Figure B shows the breakout by majors, including business.

From the Valley to the Summit: A Brief History of the Quiet Revolution
that Transformed Women?s Work

***** This paper discusses the changes over the last 40 years in women
majoring in ?female? subjects vs. business and science.


Digest of Education Statistics 2000 / Chapter 3-A. Postsecondary
Education: College and University Education/ Table 255.--Master's
degrees conferred by degree-granting institutions, by discipline
division: 1970-71 to 1997-98

***** This table gives you year-by-year MBA enrollment figures.
Unfortunately, the information is not broken down by gender.

Postsecondary Education Chapter 3, part 1, as a PDF file
Table 215
Enrollment in postsecondary education by student level, type of
institution, age, and major field of study 1999 ? 2000.

***** This is a 75-page report with dozens of tables sorting the
postsecondary statistics by many different filters.

Postsecondary Education Chapter 3, part 2, as a PDF file
Table 253
Master?s degrees conferred by degree-granting institutions by
discipline division: Selected years 1971-1972 to 2001-2002.

***** This is a 82-page report with dozens of tables sorting the
postsecondary statistics by many different filters.

From The Wall Street Journal Online
B-Schools Seek Boost By Targeting Women

Chicago is just one of many business schools -- including Harvard,
Michigan and Columbia -- scrambling to break the glass ceiling on
female enrollment, which typically hovers around 30%. Certainly that
percentage is a big jump from the mid-70s, when only 11% of full-time
M.B.A. students at Harvard, for instance, were women. Still, the
continued disparity between the genders has spurred schools to action.

Female MBA students increase at MSU, U-M
Numbers at all-time high; it gives firms more diverse pool

Although the MBA programs at U-M and MSU are showing growth in the
enrollment of women in full-time degree programs, both still fall
short of the national average of 35 percent women in MBA programs,
according to the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of

MBA Degrees Conferred by Year
1971 ? 2001

***** This is a chart based on information from the US Department of Education.

Four Years of Data Show No Pick-Up in Pace of Progress of Women's
Clout and Influence in Business World
27 July 2005

The Committee of 200

The Committee of 200 is the professional organization of preeminent
women entrepreneurs and corporate leaders. The organization
capitalizes on the power, success and influence of businesswomen in
the global economy.

In fact, Business Week once called The Committee of 200 "the most
high-powered organization you've never heard of." The roster of
founding members, however, reads like a veritable "Who's Who" of some
of the most celebrated names in business.

***** Most of this website is hidden under password protection but
there are some good resources here that might help you with your

C200 Business Leadership Index

C200 releases 3rd Annual report measuring businesswomen's clout 
#8 on MBA Enrollment

***** This is an 18-page report that benchmarks women?s progress on 10
progress indicators..

Teen Girls on Business: Are They Being Empowered?

***** This is a 20-page report that should tie in nicely to your
question about the number of women enrolled in undergraduate business

Trends in Educational Equity of Girls & Women: 2004 

This statistical report assembles a series of indicators that examine
the extent to which males and females have access to the same
educational opportunities, avail themselves equally of these
opportunities, perform at similar levels throughout schooling, succeed
at similar rates, and reap the same benefits from their educational
experiences. This report serves as an update of an earlier
publication, Trends in Educational Equity of Girls & Women (NCES
2000-030), which was prepared for Congress in 2000.

Search Google Scholar: < women majoring in business >

***** Many of these scholarly articles might be useful to you. You may
also try some searches of your own to refine the topics you?re

National Center for Education Statistics

NCES is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data
that are related to education in the United States and other nations.

***** This site offers a wealth of resources that should help with
your book but the website is somewhat tough to navigate and sometimes
it?s hard to figure out which database of report will have what you

The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business

***** The reports offered on this page might give you useful
information about women getting MBAs.


female OR women MBA enrollment OR graduation
MBA Enrollment - U.S.
women majoring in business
undergraduate degree business women
MBA women

Clarification of Answer by czh-ga on 06 Aug 2005 08:08 PDT
Hello again yeatman-ga,

You said: 
"I definitely need help and would love for you to work on these
questions.  The answers don't have to be EXACT but they need to be in
the ballpark or of the type that I could use to quantify/support a
point I want to make. I will pay $10 for each answer.  I'm just not
sure how the exact payment method works aside from the process I've
already gone through."

I've answered your four questions but you haven't rated them. If
you're satisfied with the answer you can add the additional payment
you agreed to  by adding a tip when you rate the answer. I wanted to
let you know that I will be gone over the weekend so if you need
clarification I will be able to respond on Tuesday morning. This is a
huge subject with tons of information available but not always in the
format you expect. I'll be happy to clarify any of my answers if
anything I've posted is confusing.

Best wishes for your book proposal.

~ czh ~
Subject: Re: women in college
From: czh-ga on 02 Aug 2005 21:11 PDT
Hello yeatman-ga,

Here's an article related to your research topic.

I took a quick look at all of your questions and I think they'll take
more effort to research than is justified by the price you've posted.
I suggest that you review these links so you can improve your chances
of getting an answer.

I also suggest that you post each question separately. Even though the
questions you've grouped may look like they're related and could be
found with one search, this is rarely the case. You'll have a much
better chance of getting answers to individually posted questions.

Good luck.

~ czh ~
Subject: Re: women in college
From: yeatman-ga on 03 Aug 2005 03:58 PDT

What do you think would be a fair price for these two questions?
Subject: Re: women in college
From: omnivorous-ga on 04 Aug 2005 04:23 PDT
Yeatman --

The National Center for Education Statistics collects data on K-12 and
post-secondary education.  There's quite a bit of detail: in fact we
can find reports showing business degrees conferred on women over 30+

And we can find enrollment data for men/women.  But for some reason
the NCES doesn't seem to break out enrollment by discipline: it
appears that we'd have to estimate it by calculating the percentage of
business degrees granted, as I just did yesterday for English majors

Best regards,


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