In order to explain the popularity of cosmetic surgery today, you have
to address the fact that cosmetic surgery can encompass many types of
body modifications from something as common as breast implants to
changes as extreme as tongue forking(splitting the tongue)and
castration. It is always going to be based on each individuals
perception of what they consider their ideal physical appearance.
Each culture and individual have their own views of what is considered
desirable, as far as physical beauty is concerned, and many people
will go to great lengths to change their appearance to reflect that
perception of ideal physical beauty.
Some people make , sometimes drastic, changes to their appearance to
conform to what they consider to be the ideal beauty in their own
culture or society. Breast enlargement, collagen treatments, nose
jobs, eye lifts, and facelifts, are many of the most popular choices,
and are usually performed as purely cosmetic procedures.
On the opposite end of the spectrum, there are others that alter their
appearance in an attempt to go against what is considered the social
"norm", and choose to modify their bodies in an attempt to use their
appearance to have an impact on people. Nose, ear, eyebrow and body
piercing, tattoos, and some people even go so far as to deliberately
scar themselves, in order to achieve the appearance of non-conformity.
I am including several links that will provide different several
different perspectives about the focus on bodily appearance in Western
It has been a pleasure to provide assistance.
Links of Interest:
United Nation's Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
The Body Jigsaw, article by Philippe Liotard
Best Start Resource Centre
Promoting Healthy Body Image
Green Fairy Dot Com
Cosmetic Surgery and Body Modification
Originally written as a commentary for BMEzine
San Francisco Business Times
Article by James Temple
Plastic surgery shows no paling in popularity
Tongue Forking Gallery
Cutting, Branding, and Scarification
Photo Gallery of Cosmetic Surgeries
bodily appearance in Western societies+cosmetic surgery
cosmetic surgery+western society
popularity of cosmetic surgery