I shall first treat Belize and Costa Rica separately. My conclusion
Belize is a small Central American country on the Caribbean coast,
sharing borders with Mexico and Guatemala. It is a former British
colony that gained full independence only a quarter-century ago, in
1981. Although English is the official language, a majority of the
population speaks Spanish.
The population of Belize is approximately 280,000 at present. The GDP
per capita is about $6,500; for the sake of comparison, this is 30%
less than that of Mexico. Unemployment stands at a fairly high 13%, and
about one third of the population is under the poverty line. Despite
its dismal economic condition, Belize is politically stable. Unlike
other Central American countries, there have been no military coups in
Belize. The parliamentary democracy has functioned continuously since
independence from Britain. Apart from border disputes with Guatemala
that were largely resolved in the early 1990's, Belize has no history
of military or economic conflict with its neighbors.
CIA World Factbook: Belize
Belize is seismically stable, since the fault lines of the Caribbean and
Cocos tectonic plates pass well south of it. There is therefore no risk
of earthquakes, nor does Belize have a history of volcanic activity. The
coastline is subject to hurricanes, but after Hurricane Hattie ravaged
the capital city in 1961, the British authorities built a new capital,
Belmopan, in the center of the country.
Rice University: Department of Geophysics: Tectonics of Latin America
The telecommunications infrastructure of Belize is small but stable. The
major provider is BTL, the former state monopoly. Its chief competitor
is Speednet, which so far has concentrated on operating a cellular
telephone network. The only serious ISP in Belize therefore remains BTL,
but even BTL's Internet operations are largely limited to providing
dial-up service to residential customers and DSL to business customers.
Wikipedia: Communications in Belize
BTL: Internet services for business
Belize suffers from a serious shortage of skilled labor in general and of
IT expertise in particular. This is due to its small population base,
inadequate educational system, and widespread poverty. There is no
substantial presence of IT service firms in Belize. The most important
hosting provider is BelizeNIC, which operates a colocation center with
power backup and a 99.99% uptime guarantee, falling short of the 99.999%
industry standard. Furthermore, BelizeNIC's pricing is exorbitant compared
to similar offerings from American and European firms.
BelizeNIC: Server Co-Location
The Republic of Costa Rica lies between Nicaragua and Panama. It has
extensive coastline on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Costa
Rica has been independent from Spain for nearly two centuries. Spanish
remains the official and predominant language, although English is spoken
in coastal areas that rely economically on tourism.
Wikipedia: Costa Rica
The population of Costa Rica is around 4 million. Its GDP per capita is
$9,600, which is about the same as that of Mexico. Unemployment is low by
Latin American standards at 6.6%. The economy has been expanding steadily
over the past decade, with a GDP growth rate currently at 4%. Costa Rica
is a stable democracy and has been so nearly without exception throughout
Costa Rica has avoided much of the violence that has plagued
Central America. Since the late 19th century only two brief
periods of violence have marred its democratic development. In
1949, Josť Figueres Ferrer abolished the army; and since then
Costa Rica has been one of the few countries to operate within
the democratic system without the assistance of a military.
Wikipedia: Costa Rica: History
Although the lack of an army would leave it defenseless in the event
of war, Costa Rica has no history of military or diplomatic friction
with its neighbors. The only extant international dispute at present
is a disagreement with Nicaragua over navigational rights on the San
The tectonic border between the Cocos and Caribbean plates lies just off
its Pacific coast. However, Costa Rica has no history of substantial
earthquake or tsunami activity. On the other hand, there is volcanic
activity in the vicinity of San Jose, the capital city.
Geography - note: four volcanoes, two of them active, rise
near the capital of San Jose in the center of the country;
one of the volcanoes, Irazu, erupted destructively in 1963-65
CIA World Factbook: Costa Rica
Costa Rica has a large and high-quality telecommunications network, with
excellent Internet connectivity to North America and Europe. According
to a 2001 study of Internet topology, Costa Rica's network latency is
among the lowest in the developing world.
CAIDA: Macroscopic Internet topology and performance measurements from
the DNS root name servers
Two major providers of dedicated hosting are Hosta Rica and
Cyberfuel. Their pricing is competitive with those of similar offerings
from American and European firms.
Hosta Rica: Dedicated Hosting
Cyberfuel: Colocation (Data Center)
The IT infrastructure and economic climate in general are much better
developed in Costa Rica than in Belize. Hosting services are offered by a
wider array of firms in Costa Rica, making pricing much more competitive
than in Belize. I therefore conclude that Costa Rica would make the
better location for your servers.
It has been a pleasure to address this question on your behalf.