From the U.S. Elections Assistance Commission:
"Q. Why are federal elections held on the Tuesday after the first
Monday in November?
A. The Tuesday after the first Monday in November was initially
established in 1845 (3 U.S.C. 1) for the appointment of Presidential
electors in every fourth year. 2 U.S.C. 7 established this date for
electing U.S. Representatives in every even numbered year in 1875.
Finally, 2 U.S.C. 1 established this date as the time for electing
U.S. Senators in 1914."
More information at:
As indicated, federal law states that national elections are to be
held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even
numbered years for the Senate and House of Representatives and every
fourth year for President.
3 U.S.C. 1
"The electors of President and Vice President shall be appointed, in
each State, on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in
every fourth year succeeding every election of a President and Vice
2 U.S.C. 7
"The Tuesday next after the 1st Monday in November, in every even
numbered year, is established as the day for the election, in each of
the States and Territories of the United States, of Representatives
and Delegates to the Congress commencing on the 3d day of January next
site:gov "tuesday after the first monday"
I hope this helps.