Let me try to answer that question.
Indian society can be segregated in terms of the regional differences,
religion/caste basis and the more pragmatic economic basis.
Gender inequity while exists in the overall Indian society is more
prevalent in certain aspect. "Dowry" a very prevalent system in the
Indian society makes the female child an economic burden on the
parents and family, especially the economic and religion & caste
backward segments of the society. (This could be as large as around
the 30% of the entire society. )
Hence, eventhough female infanticide is although unlawful in the
Indian society, it is still very much prevalent. (especially in Uttar
Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar and the north east regions. A lower degree of
this practice exists in the southern part of India). The infanticide
is somewhat directly proportional to the poverty of the region and the
degree of existence of the "dowry" culture.
Also note that the Indian society being more biased towards having
atleast one male child, who is supposed to the "support of the parents
in old age" and to "perpetrate the family in this pre-dominant
patriachial society". In certain cases, after a few female children,
parents try hard for a male child. If unfortunately, they are not
blessed by a male child, the practice of female foeticide is
aggrevated even in more economically advanced sections of the society.
Following and related links are useful:
The Indian Medical Association estimates that five million female
foetuses are aborted each year. As a result, the sex ratio in the 0 to
6 age group in some northern areas (where the craze for boys is at its
worst) is amazingly skewed: 793 females for every 1,000 boys. In some
areas it is 754, and in parts of Punjab and Haryana, the figure is
Large portion of the academic housewifes actually do not pursue a
career after marriage and resort to breeding and housework. Less than
2% of educated graduate women resort to careers later.
Education is a symbol of being cultured in the society and hence it is
an important aspect in the marraige matrimonials that you have cited.
Women who resort to having a career are usually from upper middle
class of the society who can afford part or full time domestic help. A
key aspect of this is also a broad minded and supportive partner and
the family into which the girl has married into.
Hope this has provided you some perspective.