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Q: Do SAT Scores Predict College Success? ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   0 Comments )
Subject: Do SAT Scores Predict College Success?
Category: Reference, Education and News
Asked by: woodenhorseman-ga
List Price: $20.00
Posted: 14 Nov 2005 13:02 PST
Expires: 14 Dec 2005 13:02 PST
Question ID: 592879
How well do high scoring SAT students do in their first year in
college? More generally, how good a predictor of college success is
the SAT?
Subject: Re: Do SAT Scores Predict College Success?
Answered By: czh-ga on 14 Nov 2005 15:07 PST
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
Hello woodenhorseman-ga,

The SAT tests have been embroiled in controversy for a very long time.
Evaluating the predictive validity of this instrument has been studied
and debated by many academics, politicians, students and the general
public. There is no consensus for a definitive answers. I?ve collected
some articles so you can draw your own conclusions ? or continue to
investigate the subject on your own.

All the best.

~ czh ~

Predicting Success in College: SAT Studies of Classes Graduating Since 1980
Author: Nancy W. Burton,  Leonard Ramist
Published: 2001

Studies predicting success in college for students graduating since
1980 are reviewed. SAT scores and high school records are the most
common predictors, but a few studies of other predictors are included.
The review establishes that SAT scores and high school records predict
academic performance, nonacademic accomplishments, leadership in
college, and postcollege income. The combination of high school
records and SAT scores is consistently the best predictor.

***** Please note that the College Board is the publisher and owner of the SAT. 

November 14, 2001
SAT II may predict success in college better than SAT

Despite criticisms, many Americans continue to regard the SAT as an
accurate assessment of intelligence.

But according to a recent study conducted by the University of
California, scores on the SAT II subject tests are better indicators
of how freshmen will perform in college than traditional SAT I scores.

Relative Contribution of High School Grades, SAT I and SAT II Scores
in Predicting Success at UC: Preliminary Findings

This paper presents preliminary findings on the relative contribution
of high-school grade-point average (HSGPA), SAT I and SAT II scores in
predicting college success for 81,722 first-time freshmen who entered
UC over the past four years, from Fall 1996 through Fall 1999,
inclusive. The criterion of collegiate "success" employed here is the
same as that used by the College Board in the majority of its research
on the SAT - freshman GPA.

Testing Kids and Predicting Future Success

The correlation between college grades and SAT scores is approximately
r = .42. This value indicates a moderate positive relationship. In
other words, students who have higher SAT scores tend to do acceptable
work in college.

March 23, 2005
Prof says revised SAT won't make the grade
Essay, math section may increase disparities

A new version of the SAT was administered to students across the
country on March 12, with changes including a 25-minute essay and a
more difficult math section that are designed to align the
standardized test more directly with the high school curriculum. Yet
Yale psychology professor Robert Sternberg, who has been developing
his own test to supplement the SAT, said even with the changes, the
SAT is inadequate in measuring skills important for success in college
and life.

SAT I: A Faulty Instrument For Predicting College Success

Promotional claims for the SAT I frequently tout the test's important
place in the "toolbox" of college admissions officers trying to
distinguish between students from vastly different high schools. Yet
the true utility of the SAT I is frequently lost in this rhetoric as
admissions offices search for a fair and accurate way to compare one
student to another. Many colleges and universities around the country,
in dropping their test score requirements, have recently confirmed
what the research has shown all along - the SAT I has little value in
predicting future college performance.

A Case Study: DO High School GPA/ SAT Scores Predict the Performance
of Freshmen Engineering Students?

Concluding Remarks and Future Work
? Results show a weak relationship between SAT scores and college performance.

July 9, 1999

No easy answers 
Does the SAT predict anything meaningful about how students will do in college? 
- - - - - - - - - - - -
In May, three notorious letters of the alphabet -- SAT -- once again
set off a maelstrom of bickering in education and government circles.
When the Chronicle of Higher Education reported that the Department of
Education was drafting a pamphlet of guidelines for universities and
school districts on how to avoid being sued for placing too much
weight on a standardized test, the fulminations began.
Although the pamphlet hardly mentions the offending letters, the very
notion that the government might be commenting on the appropriateness
of the controversial college entrance exam was enough to reignite a
decades-long battle about the efficacy of standardized tests and their
role as gatekeepers to higher education.
Like so many debates over education in our country, the battlefield is
sharply divided along partisan lines. On one side are the liberal to
left-leaning activists who believe the SAT and other number standards
(like grade-point averages) should be junked or de-emphasized in order
to allow more minorities into college. The Department of Education
pamphlet -- called "Nondiscrimination in High-Stakes Testing: A
Resource Guide" -- has been accused of abetting their argument. On the
other side are the conservative defenders of the SAT as an embodiment
of our meritocratic educational standards. The columnist John Leo, in
U.S. News and World Report, called the education department's paper
"an attempt to decapitate traditional assessments of merit at a single
stroke and push the colleges to accept large numbers of applicants who
are well below their standards." The editors at the Wall Street
Journal ridiculed the pamphlet and offered a stronger endorsement of
the exam: "The truth is, [SATs] are highly accurate predictors of
college performance, of who is and isn't likely to graduate."

Research: The Validity of SAT II Science Tests
January 2002-- A new report from the Educational Testing Service
reveals that SAT II subject tests vary dramatically in their ability
to predict college achievement. According to the findings, science and
math achievement tests are the strongest predictors of college
performance, while some of the language tests are the weakest.

Range of Variables Affect How SAT Correlates to College GPA

The big question, however, is: How predictive of success in college
are SAT scores? More precisely, what is the correlation between high
school SAT scores and first-year college grade point average? (The
appropriateness of GPA as a measure of success is also open to
question. Grades, for example, often depend critically on the courses

Most studies find that the correlation between SAT scores and
first-year college grades is not overwhelming, and that only 10
percent to 20 percent of the variation in first-year GPA is explained
by SAT scores.

Those schools that attract students with a wide range of SAT scores
generally have higher correlations between the scores and first-year

This is a general phenomenon; the degree of correlation between two
variables depends on the range of the variables considered.

The SAT is a flawed predictor, but it is also relatively objective
and, among other virtues, sometimes provides a way for the bright, yet
socially inept student to be recognized.

November 14, 2001
SAT II may predict success in college better than SAT

Despite criticisms, many Americans continue to regard the SAT as an
accurate assessment of intelligence.

But according to a recent study conducted by the University of
California, scores on the SAT II subject tests are better indicators
of how freshmen will perform in college than traditional SAT I scores.


SAT scores predict success
woodenhorseman-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars
Thanks!  This is just the kind of balanced information I was hoping for.

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