Briefly, fresh water fish are more adaptable and less finicky than
salt water fish so therefore modie-ga is correct, it is adviseable
that a novice start out with a fresh water aquarium (please click on
the following link for more information).
"Salt water fish tanks are considered more difficult to keep than
freshwater tanks because salt water fish have less tolerance for
fluctuations that can occur quickly within the closed environment of
"Aquariums, when setup properly, operate as self-supporting
ecosystems. In an ecosystem, artificially created or natural, every
element relies on every other element for its stability. The art of
fishkeeping becomes a balancing act of monitoring and maintaining
specific parameters in order to keep the entire system stable. This is
especially critical in a salt water fish tank because the ocean is an
surprisingly stable environment. Life forms that evolved in the ocean
do not have the physical ability to adjust quickly to radically
changing conditions. Any changes that occur in the ocean occur slowly.
For example, a quick drop or rise in the temperature of a salt water
tank can cause salt water fish to take ill, even if the fluctuation is
That said, I've tried to find you a few good non-commercial "how-to"
websites, hopefully at least one or two will suit you. When you visit
the websites, you'll find many more links to follow (it's a popular
1. Fish Tank Guy
Fish Tank Setup Guide to Proper Aquarium Startup for Tropical Fish and Plants
2. Cathy Byrnes
"Please understand the importance of following the suggestions
outlined in this site, from buying & setting up your new tank, to
maintaining it the proper way. I have spent many, many months
designing this site & researching material, so that it will be the
easiest experience for you with no regrets."
Tropical Freshwater Aquarium Fish
4. Ecology Group
How to Set Up a Freshwater Aquarium
5. The Tropical Tank
Fish to Avoid
"This section contains fish which grow very large, will not tolerate
tankmates, or require special attention to diet or water quality. They
should only be kept by more experienced aquarists and those who have
the finances and time to cater for their long-term needs."
"Welcome to the wonderful world of aquariums. This FAQ provides advice
and guidance to help insure success in your endeavor. Though this
document is designed for a first freshwater aquarium (saltwater
people: make sure to read the SALTWATER BEGINNER FAQ), there is much
information applicable to both freshwater and saltwater aquaria."
Freshwater Tropical Fish Beginner's Guide
8. Fishy Heaven
" Welcome to FishyHeaven, a website totally devoted to marine aquaria
and marine fishkeeping. This site has been designed to be of use to
all levels of marine fishkeeper from a total beginner to a more
9. JPS - Tropical Aquarium Setup Information
"Fishkeeping is a fun and rewarding hobby. It can also be challenging
to set up, but once it's up and running it's simple to maintain. This
website documents how to set up a tropical freshwater aquarium based
on information collected from various books and the internet."
Here's a pretty good list of books. When you find one of interest,
search for it on Amazon or try bookfinder.com for a used copy (set
"more options" to "classic").
* Sand bed depth calculator
* Convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius and Celsius to Fahrenheit
* Convert US Gallons to Imperial Gallons to Litres
* Calculate the recommended fish capacity of a tank
* Calculate the capacity of a Hex Tank
* Calculate the capacity of a Standard Tank
* Calculate the monthly and yearly operating costs
I was glad to work on this for you and hope all goes well with your
first aquarium. If you have any questions, please post a clarification
request and wait for me to respond before closing/rating my answer.
Google Search Terms Used: tropical fish freshwater fresh water
aquariums salt water saltwater