It was the United States Department of Agriculture that funded
research for penicillin to be mass produced in industrial qualities.
Penicillin itself was discovered by accident by Sir Alexander
Flemming, when he discovered colonies of bacteria living on petri
dishes (Staphylococcus aureus) were being destroyed by a mold-like
growth. That growth was later found to be the mold Penicillium
notatum, or penicillin.
During World War II, penicillin was recognized as having tremendous
potential to save thousands of soldiers who were wounded in battle;
however, it was unable to be produced in substantial quantity. The US
Department of Agriculture assigned Dr. Andrew J Moyer, a mycologist
who was employed within the agency, to the task of finding a way to
mass produce the mold.
In 1987 Moyer was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame
for his work.
"Inventor Profile - Andrew J Moyer"
"History of Penicillin, The"
penicillin history of
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