Thank you for allowing me to answer your interesting question.
Community policing is basically a concept whereby the local police
establish a partnership with the community they serve and work closely
with citizens on local problems and concerns that impact the
quality-of-life in the community. While community policing (as an
active project) has been around since the 1930?s it wasn?t until
recent decades that the strategy has been in use as a viable and
productive mode of public service. Known by a variety of names
(including ?neighborhood policing?, ?community crime prevention?,
?team policing?, etc.) the public campaign, not unlike any positive
marketing campaign, first came about in the late 1970?s in Fort Worth
Texas an effort to increase public awareness, public involvement and
to improve the level of citizens approval of the police in areas where
their confidence in the police has taken a turn for the worse. The
first attempts were somewhat unsuccessful but the concept was revived
in the 1980?s and by the 1990?s was modified and perfected (and
eventually adopted nationwide) to become the successful project that
it is today.
As you alluded to in your question, community policing and
neighborhood policing are essentially the same thing.
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Tutuzdad-ga ? Google Answers Researcher
COMMUNITY POLICING CONSORTIUM
COMMUNITY POLICING HISTORY
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