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Q: #2 Question about birds & forest tent caterpillars ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   0 Comments )
Question  
Subject: #2 Question about birds & forest tent caterpillars
Category: Science > Biology
Asked by: uzzz-ga
List Price: $20.00
Posted: 14 Mar 2006 09:27 PST
Expires: 13 Apr 2006 10:27 PDT
Question ID: 707191
.

Which birds that eat forest tent caterpillars can be found in the
Atlantic Provinces of Canada? A breakdown by Atlantic Canadian
Province would be appreciated.

Please see  Question ID: 706497 

Thank you

.
Answer  
Subject: Re: #2 Question about birds & forest tent caterpillars
Answered By: hummer-ga on 14 Mar 2006 14:06 PST
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
 
Hi again, uzzz,

Here you go - 

Excel quick-chart:
http://s60.yousendit.com/d.aspx?id=0CQ2HVHJQJ5DD1YOOUM0W8O9HK

You'll find that I've corrected a few spelling errors that were in my
previous answer's list below.  For more info and maps, click on the
following links.

Northern Mockingbird
NB / NS / PEI
Mimus polyglottos  - (Linnaeus, 1758)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=100932&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=100932&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=100932&menuselectfooter=none

Baltimore Oriole
NB / NS / PEI
Icterus galbula  - (Linnaeus, 1758)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=100447&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=100447&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=100447

Bay-breasted Warbler
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Dendroica castanea  - (Wilson, 1810)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=105277&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=105277&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=105277&menuselectfooter=none

Yellow-billed Cuckoo 
NB (Godfrey: "rarely")
Coccyzus americanus  - (Linnaeus, 1758)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=105709&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=105709&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=105709&selectedIndexes=106471&selectedIndexes=101258&menuselectfooter=none

Black-billed Cuckoo 
NB / NS / PEI (wouldn't I love to see this one!)
Coccyzus erythropthalmus  - (Wilson, 1811)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=103435&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=103435&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=103435&menuselectfooter=none

White-breasted nuthatch
NB / NS / PEI
Sitta carolinensis  - Latham, 1790
White-breasted Nuthatch
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=105632&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=105632&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=105632&menuselectfooter=none

Brewer's Blackbird
None (Godfrey: "Recent arrival in Eastern Ontario, it is extending its
range eastward.")
Euphagus cyanocephalus  - (Wagler, 1829)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=101341&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=102734&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=102734&selectedIndexes=101015&selectedIndexes=101597&selectedIndexes=101341&selectedIndexes=106463&menuselectfooter=none

Red-Winged Blackbird
NF / NB / NS / PEI
Agelaius phoeniceus  - (Linnaeus, 1766)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=102734&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=102734&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=102734&selectedIndexes=101015&selectedIndexes=101597&selectedIndexes=101341&selectedIndexes=106463&menuselectfooter=none

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 
NF / NB / NS / PEI
Pheucticus ludovicianus  - (Linnaeus, 1766)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=102231&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=102231&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=102231&menuselectfooter=none

Pine Grosbeak 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI 
Pinicola enucleator  - (Linnaeus, 1758)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=104920&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=104920&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=104920

Evening Grosbeak
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Coccothraustes vespertinus  - (Cooper, 1825)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=102678&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=102678&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=102678&menuselectfooter=none

American Crow 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Corvus brachyrhynchos  - Brehm, 1822
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=104686&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=118282&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=118282&selectedIndexes=104686&selectedIndexes=104726&selectedIndexes=104216&selectedIndexes=102446&selectedIndexes=101678&selectedIndexes=151603&selectedIndexes=135926&menuselectfooter=none

Ring-billed gulls 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Larus delawarensis  - Ord, 1815
Ring-billed Gull
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=100423&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=100423&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=100423&menuselectfooter=none

Least Flycatcher 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Empidonax minimus  - (Baird and Baird, 1843)
Least Flycatcher
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=105566&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=105566&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=105566

Yellow Warbler 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Dendroica petechia  - (Linnaeus, 1766)
Yellow Warbler
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=106383&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=101442&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=101442&selectedIndexes=105611&selectedIndexes=102716&selectedIndexes=106383&selectedIndexes=106288&selectedIndexes=100527&selectedIndexes=106186&menuselectfooter=none

--
Blue Jays 
NF / NB / NS / PEI
Cyanocitta cristata  - (Linnaeus, 1758)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=101039&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=101039&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=101039

Black-throated Green Warbler 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Dendroica virens  - (Gmelin, 1789)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=100065&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=100065&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=100065&selectedIndexes=102666&menuselectfooter=none

Black-Capped Chickadee 
NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Poecile atricapillus  - (Linnaeus, 1766)
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?menuselect=none&sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=105569&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=105569&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radi
obutton&selectedIndexes=105569&selectedIndexes=103964&menuselectfooter=none

We double-checked the Atlantic provinces in the following book:
Godfrey, W. Earl
The Birds of Canada, Revised Edition
Ottawa: National Museum of Natural Sciences (1986)

For a more detailed map, click on the following link.  There is a
learning curve for effective use (clicking on the Help button will
help alot).  Once you get the map set up (using the map tools to
adjust acale), the map will stay there while you go to each individual
bird.  It's very detailed, for example, I can see where the people
walked in PEI to do their Christmas Bird Count.

BirdMap Canada interactive map tool
Data mapped from quantitative bird surveys in Canada:
* Breeding Bird Survey [BBS], which provides quantitative information
on where species were found in the breeding season
* Christmas Bird Counts [CBC] which provide information on the
distribution of species in winter
* Range maps, which provide a broad picture of where particular
species might be expected
* Band Recovery data that provide information on movements of birds among areas
http://www.bsc-eoc.org/birdmap_e.htm#

This is still your best bet for finding a longer list:
Witter, J .A., and H.M. Kuhlman. 1972. 
Technical Bulletin 289
"A review of the parasites and predators of tent caterpillars
(Malacosoma spp.) in North America. Minnesota Agricultural Experiment
Station."

Please let me know if you need further assistance.
Thank you,
hummer

note: I didn't add some of the birds (phoebes, titmice, etc) from the
yarderner link because I wasn't able to corroborate them elsewhere.

Clarification of Answer by hummer-ga on 17 Mar 2006 14:21 PST
Hi uzzz,

1. This is available as an interlibrary loan from Minnesota (at U of T, anyway).
Witter, J .A., and H.M. Kuhlman. 1972. A review of the parasites and
predators of tent caterpillars (Malacosoma spp.) in North America.
Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. Technical Bulletin 289.
Here is the author's webpage: 
http://www.snre.umich.edu/contact/faculty-detail.php?people_id=29

2. A book to ask for at your library. One interesting thing that it
mentions is that power lines serve to increase predation because they
increase perching space for birds.
Millions of Monarchs, Bunches of Beetles : How Bugs Find Strength in Numbers 
by Gilbert Waldbauer 
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0674000900/

Regards,
hummer

Request for Answer Clarification by uzzz-ga on 21 Mar 2006 18:20 PST
Thank you for your answer. Unfortunately the links to
www.natureserve.org are not compatible with my Mac. Cookie warnings
keep appearing.

All I really need are a simple list of the birds that prey on the
forest tent caterpillars.

The bird map link is quite interesting.

I really appreciate the link to Witter, J .A.'s website. This person
appears to have much of the information that I seek.

Thank you

Uzzz

Clarification of Answer by hummer-ga on 22 Mar 2006 06:50 PST
Dear uzzz,

I'm sorry to hear that the links don't work, I guess my
Birds/Provinces Excel chart didn't work for you either (at any rate,
it is now expired). Here it is (hopefully the formatting will be ok):

                                NF	LB	NB	NS	PEI		
Northern Mockingbird	        -	-	X	X	X		
Baltimore Oriole			X	X	X		
Bay-breasted Warbler	        X	X	X	X	X		
Yellow-billed Cuckoo 	        -	-	*rarely	-	-		
Black-billed Cuckoo	        -	-	X	X	X		
White-breasted nuthatch	        -	-	X	X	X		
Brewer's Blackbird	        -	-	-	-	-		
Red-Winged Blackbird	        X	-	X	X	X		
Rose-breasted Grosbeak	        X	-	X	X	X		
Pine Grosbeak	                X	X	X	X	X		
Evening Grosbeak	        X	X	X	X	X		
American Crow	                X	X	X	X	X		
Ring-billed gull	        X	X	X	X	X		
Least Flycatcher 	        X	X	X	X	X		
Yellow Warbler 	                X	X	X	X	X		
							
Blue Jays 	                X	-	X	X	X		
Black-throated Green Warbler	X	X	X	X	X		
Black-Capped Chickadee 	        X	X	X	X	X		

Another version:

Northern Mockingbird:                  NB / NS / PEI
Baltimore Oriole:                      NB / NS / PEI
Bay-breasted Warbler:          NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Yellow-billed Cuckoo:                  NB 
Black-billed Cuckoo:                   NB / NS / PEI 
White-breasted nuthatch:               NB / NS / PEI
Brewer's Blackbird:                  --
Red-Winged Blackbird:             NF / NB / NS / PEI
Rose-breasted Grosbeak:           NF / NB / NS / PEI
Pine Grosbeak:                 NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI 
Evening Grosbeak:              NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
American Crow:                 NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Ring-billed gulls:             NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Least Flycatcher:              NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Yellow Warbler:                NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
--
Blue Jays:                        NF / NB / NS / PEI
Black-throated Green Warbler:  NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Black-Capped Chickadee:        NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI

I included the links to the maps because it is important to know the
extent of the range that a particular bird is found in a province, if
it's breeding there, a migrant, rare, etc.

If these lists aren't exactly what you need, just give a whistle and
I'll be happy to give it another go.

Thank you for your patience!
hummer

Request for Answer Clarification by uzzz-ga on 22 Mar 2006 09:51 PST
This is perfect! Thanks.

U

Clarification of Answer by hummer-ga on 22 Mar 2006 17:28 PST
Thanks for the good news, U, and for the nice tip too! Take care, H

Clarification of Answer by hummer-ga on 05 Apr 2006 05:38 PDT
Pine siskin   LB /  NF / NB / NS / PEI
Yes, I see what you mean about the maps I tried to send you, "my
session has timed out". Go to this link, search for Pine siskin
(common name), then on the next page click on the "Carduelis pinus"
link and you'll see why I tried to send you there.
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe

CEDAR WAXWING
BOMBYCILLA CEDRORUM Vieillot 
LB, NB, NF, NS, PE
http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe

                                NF	LB	NB	NS	PEI		
Northern Mockingbird	        -	-	X	X	X		
Baltimore Oriole			X	X	X		
Bay-breasted Warbler	        X	X	X	X	X		
Yellow-billed Cuckoo 	        -	-	*rarely	-	-		
Black-billed Cuckoo	        -	-	X	X	X		
White-breasted nuthatch	        -	-	X	X	X		
Brewer's Blackbird	        -	-	-	-	-		
Red-Winged Blackbird	        X	-	X	X	X		
Rose-breasted Grosbeak	        X	-	X	X	X		
Pine Grosbeak	                X	X	X	X	X		
Evening Grosbeak	        X	X	X	X	X		
American Crow	                X	X	X	X	X		
Ring-billed gull	        X	X	X	X	X		
Least Flycatcher 	        X	X	X	X	X		
Yellow Warbler 	                X	X	X	X	X	
Pine siskin                     X       X       X       X       X
Cedar Waxwing                   X       X       X       X       X

Northern Mockingbird:                  NB / NS / PEI
Baltimore Oriole:                      NB / NS / PEI
Bay-breasted Warbler:          NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Yellow-billed Cuckoo:                  NB 
Black-billed Cuckoo:                   NB / NS / PEI 
White-breasted nuthatch:               NB / NS / PEI
Brewer's Blackbird:                  --
Red-Winged Blackbird:             NF / NB / NS / PEI
Rose-breasted Grosbeak:           NF / NB / NS / PEI
Pine Grosbeak:                 NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI 
Evening Grosbeak:              NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
American Crow:                 NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Ring-billed gulls:             NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Least Flycatcher:              NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Yellow Warbler:                NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Pine siskin:                   NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
Cedar Waxwing:                 NF-LB / NB / NS / PEI
uzzz-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $20.00
This is just what I wanted. Many thanks!

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