omggg please don't breed. breeding dogs is a huge responsability its
not for amatures looking to breed something thats popular for a quick
SO YOU WANT A LITTER OF PUPPIES?
"To make a lot of money." Do you realize the expense involved in such
items as advertising, vet bills, stud fee, food, etc., to name a few?
"Because it would be good for the children to watch the birth and play
with the puppies as they grow up." Actually, the "gory" parts of the
whelping repulse most kids, who are all too anxious to just skip the
viewing of the miracle of birth you have planned for them to see. And
a litter growing up is too rowdy for most kids who are usually totally
disinterested or absolutely terrified of the leaping creatures with
the sharp nails and teeth. If you want the kids to see a puppy grow
up, it's usually better to buy one.
"Because we love Fido and we want one just like her." The chances of
getting one "just like her" are slim indeed.
"Because everyone who comes to the house and sees Fido wants a puppy
when she has a litter." Just wait until your litter of 12 is ready to
go to their homes and watch all those people back out with excuses
like...."The kids aren't old enough."...."The kids are too old now to
be bothered with caring for a dog."......"We are going to have a
baby."...."The rug is too new."...."The house is too small."...."We'll
be moving in 3 months."....."Grandma doesn't like dogs."...."Our old
dog hasn't died yet."....."It might not get along with the
cat.".....and the list goes on and on!
"Because we really love little puppies." You'd better be sure you love
them. You can't fully imagine how much is involved, such as the mess a
litter makes. Can you put up with the cleaning that is constantly
needed in caring for the litter? There is no way to explain how tired
you get of scrubbing up after the puppies, their whelping box, the
yard, kennel, or wherever they are kept. They dump their food and
water the minute you put it down, step in it, and drag it through
whatever else may be in the puppy box, and with 6 or 8 or 12 puppies,
there's always something else to be cleaned up too!
Do you understand the RESPONSIBILITY you will have with a litter? It's
not just Fido having the litter and caring for it until they are ready
to go. Most of it is up to you and you're tied to the litter like any
new mother, only you can't take the litter with you to your in-laws
for the weekend, or anyplace else for that matter, so you'd better be
content to spend all too long, because you have to be there to feed
the puppies four times a day.
Now that you have some idea of what is involved other than playing
with those cute, cuddly puppies and are still determined to breed,
here's something else that should be considered.
Is your bitch of QUALITY to breed? Do you know her faults as well as
her virtues? Does she meet with the standard of the breed? Is she in
good health? Has she been tested free of the genetic defects
associated with the breed? Do you have customers so you won't have to
sell the puppies at a price below market value or take them to a
If you can answer "yes" to the above and haven't lost the
determination to try your hand at raising a litter, then read on...
Get an opinion of your bitch from a few reputable breeders. Find out
what they think are her faults and her virtues.
Learn about any problems that exist in your breed such as hip
dysplasia, eye disorders, etc. Study the breed standard yourself so
that you are familiar with it when looking at and evaluating possible
stud dogs. Get several reputable breeder's opinions of a stud dog who
will enhance your bitch. Go to see as many of the stud dogs and their
offspring as you can.
After you have decided on a stud dog, take your bitch to the vet and
have all necessary health clearances done ($$$$). She should have a
general health check-up and the vet will let you know if any vitamin
supplements are necessary. This exam should include: a worm check
(take along a stool sample) , a heartworm check, brucellosis test,
updating of vaccinations, blood panel. Don't forget, all this is going
to cost money, but it's necessary, part of planning for a healthy
Now while you wait for her to come into season, read all you can on
your particular breed, breeding, whelping, and rearing puppies.
Start saving all your newspapers and have your friends do the same
(remember what we told you about clean-up?) You'll need all the
newspaper you can get your hands on.
Have a whelping box built or, if you are handy, build one yourself. More $$$$.
When the bitch comes in season, contact the stud dog owner with whom
you have previously made arrangements regarding the breeding. You will
be advised on when to bring your bitch. Plan to pay the stud fee at
the time of breeding ($$$). There may also be a boarding charge if
your bitch is to stay with the stud dog's owner ($$$). Be sure you
understand in advance what the payment of the stud fee is
guaranteeing. The suitable stud for your bitch may be some distance
away involving additional traveling expense ($$$). Getting your bitch
bred isn't always as easy as you might imagine and may require
repeated trips to the stud dog.
After your bitch is bred you have about 63 more days to do more
reading and thinking, and laced with the good thoughts about the
precious darlings will be some horrible thoughts about what can go
wrong and how much it will cost you, both financially and emotionally.
We hate to keep dwelling on this but things DO go wrong occasionally
and you should be prepared in case it happens to you.
(1) What if your bitch has problems and requires a Cesarean section or
other extensive vet services ($$$)?
(2) What if the puppies die?
(3) What if she is not in whelp or has a miscarriage?
(4) What are you going to do with 10 six month old puppies that you
can't sell, give away, or have the heart to put to sleep? Do you have
(5) What if your bitch can't or won't nurse the puppies? Are you
prepared to feed them every two hours for the next three weeks?
(6) And worst of all, what if Fido dies while whelping or afterwards?
Will it have been worth it?
The days pass, and Fido whelps her puppies without any problems, but
you still have to take her to the vet to be checked over within 24
hours of delivery. She will probably get injections to prevent
infections ($$$). Lucky for you, Fido whelped 10 healthy puppies.
They are almost 6 weeks old now and in two weeks it will be time to
sell them. First they will all have to make a trip to the vet. Their
check-up will include shots and a worm check with medication if
necessary (10 x $$$).
Now that you know they are healthy and ready to go, you'll want a
breeder to see just how gorgeous they are and how great you did on
your first try. Of course, you think they are all show quality and
worth show prices. But again be prepared because you might be told the
(1) The best male has only one testicle.
(2) The next best male toes out badly (but has both testicles.)
(3) The really pretty bitch has a bad bite.
(4) The smaller bitch has a proper bite but her topline is bad.
(5) The bitch with the prettiest head is cowhocked.
(6) There are four who are average, nothing really wrong but nothing
There is one who is show quality. The "show quality" one is the one
you were going to keep just as a pet because the kids liked it best
(another mouth to feed $$$) and you're feeling down at the breeder's
opinion of your litter. But you're told to cheer up, one outstanding
puppy is better than a lot of people get out of a litter and you
should consider this a successful breeding, Some consolation when you
were going to sell them all as show puppies!
Now you have your litter graded and priced accordingly and you are
ready to sell them. By this time, are you knowledgeable enough about
your breed to be the expert every buyer assumes you are? Are you
prepared to answer questions on training, housebreaking, feeding,
grooming, etc.? Are you prepared to answer these questions not only at
the time of purchase, but months later or when someone calls at
midnight because the dog isn't eating right? Can you direct buyers to
obedience classes, breed handling classes, help them get into showing,
recommend a vet, etc.? Remember, you are now the breeder and the
responsibility doesn't end when a puppy is carried out the door. Do
you have a pedigree ready to go with each puppy, as well as the
registration forms? Are you prepared to advertise extensively ($$$) if
If you have a good bitch and have bred to a stud dog owned by an
interested breeder, they may send referrals to you, but don't depend
on others to sell your puppies, and advertising expenses can really
add up. Don't expect the buyers to flock to your door the day the
puppies are ready to go. It may take weeks, or even months, before
they are all sold. This results in lots of food costs and more trips
to the vet ($$$).
We hope that if you breed your bitch you do it the right way and only
for the right reasons and put lots of time, thought, and love into
THERE ARE TOO MANY UNWANTED PUPPIES PUT TO DEATH EACH YEAR DUE TO
IRRESPONSIBLE AND IGNORANT BREEDING. DON'T LET ANY OF YOUR PUPPIES END
UP THIS WAY.