Request for Question Clarification by
08 Jun 2006 18:59 PDT
The uber-collective -- one might say, almost communal -- resource
known as Wikipedia has a good write up on the history of communist
states, but it's a bit hard to know who came second, third, etc, given
the convoluted nature of individual state's adoption of communism.
Here is what Wikipedia has to say:
...Following the October Revolution in 1917, which established what
later became the Soviet Union, there was a revolutionary wave
throughout Europe. Communist revolutions, uprisings or attempted
uprisings took place in many European countries. However, Russian
Communists, engaged in the Russian Civil War, were unable to provide
any significant support to communist movements outside Russia.
Eventually, in the first decades after the Russian revolution, only
five revolutions outside Russia were able to take power, and these for
short periods of time. They resulted in the Finnish Socialist Workers'
Republic in 1918, the Bavarian Soviet Republic from November 1918
until May 3, 1919, the Slovak Soviet Republic in 1919, the Hungarian
Soviet Republic in 1919, and the Persian Soviet Socialist Republic
from 1920 to 1921. All of them were soon abolished, and with the
defeat of the Red Army in the Polish-Soviet War in 1920, the Russian
Communists were forced to abandon any plans of military aid to
Communist movements in Europe. On the other side of the world,
Mongolia had been a protectorate of the Russian Empire from its
independence from China in 1912 until 1919, when the Chinese
reasserted control during the chaos of the Russian Civil War. The
Russian monarchist White Army regained control in 1921, but was driven
out by the Red Army that same year. Mongolia was not absorbed into the
Soviet Union, but was renamed the People's Republic of Mongolia and
became the Soviet Union's first satellite state in 1924. Another
example of Communist state was the Tuvinian People's Republic
establlished in 1921 and absorbed into the Soviet Union in 1944.
...From 1924 until World War II, there were no successful Communist
revolutions, and no more Communist states were established.
Does that answer your question?