Google Answers Logo
View Question
Q: Newest Baseball Stadiums, Owners, Locations, Costs ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Subject: Newest Baseball Stadiums, Owners, Locations, Costs
Category: Sports and Recreation > Trivia
Asked by: easyman11-ga
List Price: $200.00
Posted: 03 Jul 2006 11:51 PDT
Expires: 02 Aug 2006 11:51 PDT
Question ID: 743020
I have a question about the Major League baseball stadiums in the
United States. I would like pictures of the Major League stadiums as
well.  Would you be able to graph this answer in a table format as
well?  I need this answer quickly for someone who is interested in the
stadiums, as well as information about them.

1. What are the last ten brand new Major League baseball stadiums
built (between the years 1996-2006) in the United States, where are
they located, what teams play there, and the names of the stadiums?
2. What year was the first game of the new stadium?
3. What is the seating capacity of the stadium, and how much property
is for parking and the stadiums?
4. Is it dome or open stadium?
5. Is it grass or artificial field?
6. Who was the architectural firm or architect that designed the stadium?
7. How long did it take to build?
8. What was the cost to build these ten stadiums?
9. Did it go over or under budget?
10. Who paid for it? 
11. How was it financed?
12. Who owns these Major League baseball stadiums, where did they make
their fortune (in what industry) and the baseball team, or are they

Please provide the answer showing the newest stadium to the oldest.

Examples of New Stadiums:
Cincinatti Reds
St. Louis Cardinals
San Francisco Giants
Detroit Tigers
Pittsburgh Pirates 
Atlanta Braves 

and the other last 12 stadiums.

Clarification of Question by easyman11-ga on 03 Jul 2006 15:31 PDT
Please do not answer the question.  I would like a refund, as I do not
need an answer to the question.  I answered it myself.

Thank you!
Subject: Re: Newest Baseball Stadiums, Owners, Locations, Costs
Answered By: bobbie7-ga on 03 Jul 2006 17:05 PDT
Hello Easyman11-ga,

Here is a list of Major League Baseball stadiums listed from oldest to newest.
National League

1.	Wrigley Field (Chicago - 1914) 
2.	RFK Stadium (Washington - 1961) (first used for MLB in 1962) 
3.	Dodger Stadium (Los Angeles - 1962) 
4.	Shea Stadium (New York - 1964) 
5.	Dolphin Stadium (Florida - 1987) (first used for MLB in 1993) 
6.	Coors Field (Colorado - 1995) 
7.	Turner Field (Atlanta - 1996) (first used for MLB in 1997) 
8.	Chase Field (Arizona - 1998) 
9.	Minute Maid Park (Houston - 2000) 
10.	AT&T Park (San Francisco - 2000) 
11.	Miller Park (Milwaukee - 2001) 
12.	PNC Park (Pittsburgh - 2001) 
13.	Great American Ball Park (Cincinnati - 2003) 
14.	Citizens Bank Park (Philadelphia - 2004) 
15.	PETCO Park (San Diego - 2004) 
16.	New Busch Stadium (St. Louis - 2006) 

American League

1.	Fenway Park (Boston - 1912) 
2.	Yankee Stadium (New York - 1923) 
3.	Angel Stadium of Anaheim (Los Angeles - 1966) 
4.	McAfee Coliseum (Oakland - 1966) (first used for MLB in 1968) 
5.	Kauffman Stadium (Kansas City - 1973) 
6.	Metrodome (Minnesota - 1982) 
7.	Rogers Centre (Toronto - 1989) 
8.	Tropicana Field (Tampa Bay - 1990) (first used for MLB in 1998) 
9.	U.S. Cellular Field (Chicago - 1991) 
10.	Oriole Park at Camden Yards (Baltimore - 1992) 
11.	Jacobs Field (Cleveland - 1994) 
12.	Ameriquest Field in Arlington (Texas - 1994) 
13.	Safeco Field (Seattle - 1999) 
14.	Comerica Park (Detroit - 2000)

Below you will find all the data, facts and figures that I was able to
track down for each of the 10 largest stadiums.  The information for
each stadium is presented from newest to oldest as per your request.

Busch Stadium 

Tenant: St. Louis Cardinals
Construction began: January 17, 2004
First game: April 4, 2006 (AAA Memphis Redbirds vs AA Springfield Cardinals)
First Cardinals game: April 10, 2006 (against the Milwaukee Brewers)
Capacity: 46,861 (43,975 on Opening Day 2006)
Surface: Grass
Style: Open air

Architect: HOK Sport
Construction: Hunt Construction Group
Owner: St. Louis Cardinals
Cost: $365 million (original estimate was $344.8 million)
Public financing: $45 million long-term loan from St. Louis County.
Private financing: $90.1 million from the Cardinals, $9.2 million in
interest earned on the construction fund, and $200.5 million in bonds
to be paid over a 22-year period ($15.9 million per year) by the team.
Anheuser-Busch agreed to a 20 year naming rights deal (through the
2025 season) which will help offset construction costs.

Location 250 Stadium Plaza
St. Louis, Missouri 63102 

Left Field ? 336 feet
Left Center Field ? 375 feet
Center Field ? 400 feet
Right Center Field ? 375 feet
Right Field ? 335 feet

The Stadium was financed through private bonds, bank loans, a
long-term loan from St. Louis County, and money from the team owners.
The development, including the Ballpark Village will cost
approximately $646 million with the stadium alone costing $346 million

Playing Surface Bluegrass


There are no dedicated parking lots or ramps at Busch Stadium.
However, the ballpark is surrounding by ramps (either connected to
buildings/hotels or freestanding) and there are many metered parking
spots as well.

The new ballpark will be built partially on the site of the existing
surface parking lot south of Busch Stadium. This lot currently holds
600 cars. This loss of 600 parking spaces will be offset by the
addition of 1800 parking spaces in Ballpark Village.

Additional information


Petco Park

Tenant: San Diego Padres (NL)
San Diego, California

Construction began: May 2000
Opening: April 2004
Style: Open air
Capacity: 46,000
Surface: Grass

Architect: HOK Sport, Antoine Predock (design), Spurlock Poirier
(landscape) and ROMA (urban planning).
Construction: San Diego Ballpark Builders (a joint venture of Clark
Construction Group Inc., Nielsen Dillingham Builders Inc. and Douglas
E. Barnhart Inc.)
Owner: City of San Diego (70%), San Diego Padres (30%)
Cost: $456.8 million ($285 million for ballpark construction; $171.8
million for land acquisition and infrastructure)
Public financing: $225 million from municipal bonds to be paid back
with hotel-tax revenues, $57.8 million in project-generated
redevelopment funds and $21 million from the San Diego Unified Port
Private financing: The Padres are responsible for a $153 million
private sector contribution
Lease: 30 years.


 ?On November 3, 1998 the voters of San Diego approved Proposition C,
which approved the city's share of a new $411 million dollar downtown
ballpark for the Padres. The ballpark is a part of a larger Ballpark
District, featuring offices, retail, hotels, and residential units
that promises to transform a derelict section of downtown into a
popular year-round destination.

However, in October of 2000, construction stopped because of a lack of
money. There were no funds because the city had not sold bonds
approved in the election while it defended itself against lawsuits
brought by tax protesters. Construction began again, but the delays
pushed the stadium?s opening from 2002 to 2004.?

Source: Ballparks

19 Tony Gwynn Way
San Diego, California 92101 

Owner City of San Diego (70%);
San Diego Padres (30%) 

Seating capacity 
42,445 (2004) 
Left Field Line - 334 ft
Left Field - 367 ft
Left Field Alley - 402 ft
Center Field - 396 ft
Right Field Alley - 402 ft
Right Field - 382 ft
Right Field Line - 322 ft

Source: Wikipedia



April 8, 2004: The first official game is played at PETCO Park

More than 27000 parking spaces are available in the general area with
11000 designated specifically for Petco Park fans

Citizens Bank Park

Tenant: Philadelphia Phillies (NL)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Construction began: November 2001
Opening: April 9, 2004
Style: Open air
Surface: Kentucky Bluegrass
Capacity: 43,000 (baseball only)

Architects: Ewing Cole Cherry Brott (Philadelphia) and HOK Sport (Kansas City)
Construction: Driscoll/Hunt (a joint venture between L. F. Driscoll
Co. of Bala Cynwyd, PA and Hunt Construction Group, Inc. of
Indianapolis) in association with Synterra/Todd (a joint venture
between Synterra of Philadelphia and Don Todd Associates, Inc. of San

Owner: City of Philadelphia
Cost: $346 million
Public financing: $174 million
Private financing: $172 million

There are twenty thousand parking spaces near the ballpark.

Location 	One Citizens Bank Way
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19148-5248 

Operator	Comcast-Spectacor Global Spectrum Division; Philadelphia Phillies

Left Field - 329 ft (100.3 m) 
Left-Center - 374 ft (113.4 m) 
Left-Center (deep) - 387 ft (117.9 m) 
Left of Center Field - 409 ft (125 m) 
Center Field - 401 ft (122 m) 
Right-Center (deep) - 398 ft (121 m) 
Right-Center - 369 ft (112.5 m) 
Right Field - 330 ft (100.5 m)

?The stadium was inaugurated on April 9, 2004 and on April 12, 2004
Citizens Bank for $95 million over 25 years bought the naming rights.
$57.5 million for naming rights and $37.5 million for the Phillies
broadcast media package.?


First official game on April 12, 2004

Great American Ball Park

Cincinnati, Ohio
Tenant: Cincinnati Reds (NL)
Groundbreaking: October 4, 2000
Opened: March 28, 2003 (exhibition against the Cleveland Indians)
First regular season game: March 31, 2003 (against the Pittsburgh Pirates)
Style: Open air
Surface: Grass
Capacity: 42,059 (baseball only)

?Architects: HOK Sport (Kansas City); GBBN Architects (Cincinnati)
Construction: Hunt Construction Group, Inc. (Indianapolis)

Owner: City of Cincinnati and Hamilton County

Cost: $325 million

Public financing: $280 million, or 86 percent, primarily from a
half-cent-per-dollar sales tax increase approved by the voters in 1996
Private financing: $45 million, or 14 percent, primarily from a naming
rights deal with Great American Insurance Company
Lease: 35 years (2003-2037); $2.5 million annually for the first 9
years; One dollar annually for the final 26 years; The Reds keep all
revenue generated by the ballpark?

?On July 7, 2000 the Reds announced a naming rights deal with the
Great American Insurance Company to call the stadium the "Great
American Ball Park. The $75 million deal called for the Reds to
receive $2.5 million annually for 30 years, beginning in 2003.?

Location 	100 Main Street
Cincinnati, Ohio 45202  
Left Field - 328 ft (100 m) 
Left-Center - 379 ft (116 m) 
Center Field - 404 ft (123 m) 
Right-Center - 370 ft (113 m) 
Right Field - 325 ft (99 m) 
Backstop - 55 ft (17 m) 

Parking spaces: 850


PNC Park

Tenant: Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)
Opened: March 31, 2001 (exhibition against the New York Mets)
First regular season game: April 9, 2001 (8-2 loss to the Cincinnati Reds)
Construction began: April 8, 1999
Surface: Grass
Capacity: 38,365 (baseball only)
Style: Open air

Architect: HOK Sport (Kansas City) and L.D. Astorino & Associates (Pittsburgh)
Construction: Dick Corporation (Pittsbugh) and Barton Malow (Baltimore)
Owner: City of Pittsburgh Sports & Exhibition Authority
Cost: $262 million ($237 million for construction, $25 million for
site acquisition)
Lease: 25 year lease is probable


PNC Park Financing:

?Part of an $803M package which funded PNC Park, a new Steelers
Stadium, retired the debt on Three Rivers Stadium and also razed the
stadium, expanded the Convention Center, and constructed a new
Pittsburgh Development Center.
The Regional Asset District (RAD) contributes $13.4M annually to
finance $170M in bonds toward the project.
The county hotel tax contributes $8M annually to finance $99M in bonds. 
A 5% surcharge on Pirates and Steelers tickets raises $3M annually to
finance $22M in bonds.
A 1% wage tax is levied on players who do not live in the city, and
will add $7M to the project.
$300M in matching funds from the state. 
$36M in interest earnings. 
$28M in federal infrastructure improvements. 
$11M in parking revenue from leasing the convention center garage. 
$45M from a Pittsburgh Investment Capital fund. 
$85M from the Pirates and Steelers. 
The Pirates are expected to cover operating costs (utilities and
maintenance) as long as the team receives the revenues from
concessions and advertising.
The Steelers may be asked to increase their commitment to the project,
which might be filled by Personal Seat Licenses (PSLs).?


?Two garages across General Robinson Street from the ballpark will
hold 2,000-3,000 cars for season ticket holders.?

115 Federal St.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15212  
Left Field ? 325 ft (6 ft high fence) 
Left-Center ? 386 ft 
Deep Left-Center Field ? 401 ft 
Center Field ? 399 ft (10 ft high fence) 
Right-Center ? 375 ft 
Right Field ? 320 ft (21 ft high wall) 


PNC Park renderings & models

PNC Park Official website


Miller Park 

Tenant: Milwaukee Brewers (NL)
Opened: March 30, 2001 (exhibition against the Chicago White Sox)
First regular season game: April 6, 2001 (5-4 victory over the Cincinnati Reds)
Construction began: October 22, 1996
Style: Convertible roof
Surface: Grass
Capacity: 43,000 (baseball only)

Architect: HKS, Inc. (Dallas), NBBJ (L.A.), Eppstein Uhen Architects (Milwaukee).
Construction: Huber, Hunt & Nichols Inc. (Indianapolis), Clark
Construction (Chicago), Hunzinger Construction (Milwaukee); Roof:
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of America.
Owners: Southeast Wisconsin Professional Baseball District (64
percent), Milwaukee Brewers (36 percent).
Cost: $400 million.
Public financing: $310 million, or 77.5 percent, from a five-county,
one-tenth-of-a-cent sales tax.
Private financing: $90 million, or 22.5 percent, from the Brewers owners.

?The originally scheduled April 1999 opening was delayed because of
financing problems which were eventually resolved.?

?There are nearly 13,000 parking spaces within walking distance of the ballpark.?


?In January 1996, the Southeast Wisconsin Professional Baseball
District began levying a .10 cent sales tax in the 5-county region to
help finance its $160 million contribution toward building Miller
Park. The Milwaukee Brewers $90 million contribution toward Miller
Park includes $40 million from Miller Brewing Company naming rights,
concessionaire buildout and the American League, $20 million from the
Bradley Foundation and $1 million from the Helfaer Foundation, $15
million from the Milwaukee Economic Development Corporation, and $14
million from the Milwaukee Business Community. The Baseball District
owns 64 percent of Miller Park and the Brewers own 36 percent.?

Source: Ballparks

201 S. 46th St.
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201  

Left Field - 344 ft 
Left-Center - 370 ft 
Center Field - 400 ft 
Right-Center - 374 ft 
Right Field - 345 ft  

Fan-shaped roof
?Major elements of the pivot system behind home plate and the outfield
roof track have had to be repaired or even replaced at the cost of
millions of dollars since the stadium's opening in 2001.?


There are nearly 13,000 parking spaces within walking distance of the

The Brewers' 12,600 parking spaces are operated by Imperial Parking (US) Inc.


AT&T Park 

San Francisco, California
?Tenant: San Francisco Giants (NL)
Opened: March 31, 2000 (exhibition against the Milwaukee Brewers)
First regular season game: April 11, 2000 (against the Los Angeles Dodgers)
Construction began: December 11, 1997
Surface: Sports Turf (blend of five low-growing bluegrass hybrid turf grasses)
Capacity: 40,930 (2000); 41,059 (2001); 41,503 (2004). Figures do not
include 1,500 standing room capacity.?

Style: Open air

?Architect: HOK Sport (Kansas City)
Construction: Huber, Hunt & Nichols, Inc. and Kajima Construction Services
Owner: China Basin Ballpark Corp., a subsidiary of the Giants
Cost: $357 million
Private financing: $170 million loan from Chase Manhattan Bank, $70
million from the sale of charter seat licenses, $102 million from the
sale of naming rights, sponsorships and other sources, and $15 million
in tax increment financing by the city's redevelopment agency.?


?Financing: The ballpark is the first privately funded ballpark built
for Major League Baseball since Dodger Stadium opened in 1962. No new
taxes and no money from San Francisco's general fund were used to
build the ballpark. The Giants lease the land on which the ballpark
sits from the Port of San Francisco at a fair market value.?

6,500 parking spaces currently exist within a 5-10 minute walk of the ballpark site
5,000 additional spaces dedicated for ballpark use

?During the planning and construction of AT&T Park the cost of
building the ballpark was reported to be $255 million.?

24 Willie Mays Plaza
San Francisco, California 94107  

Former names 
Pacific Bell Park (2000-2003)
SBC Park (2004-2006) 

San Francisco Giants (MLB) (2000-present) 
San Francisco Demons (XFL) (2001)  

Left Field - 339 ft (103 m) 
Left-Center - 382 ft (116 m) 
Left-Center (deep) - 404 ft (123 m) 
Center Field - 399 ft (122 m) 
Right-Center (deep) - 421 ft (128 m) 
Right-Center - 365 ft (111 m) 
Right Field - 309 ft (94 m)  




Minute Maid Park

Houston, Texas
Tenant: Houston Astros (NL)

?Opened: March 30, 2000 (exhibition against the New York Yankees)
First regular season game: April 7, 2000 (against the Philadelphia Phillies)
First regular season indoor game: May 27, 2000 (against the Atlanta Braves)
Construction began: November 1, 1997

Style: Retractable roof
Capacity: 42,000 (March 2000); 40,950 (April 2000)
Surface: Burmuda (2000); Seashore Paspalum (August 2001)
Architect: HOK Sport (Kansas City)
Construction: Brown & Root (Houston), Barton Malow (Southfield, MI)
and Empire Construction
Owner: Harris County-Houston Sports Authority
Cost: $250 million
Public financing: $180 million, or 68 percent, from a 2 percent hotel
tax and a 5 percent rental-car tax
Private financing: $52 million, or 20 percent, from Astros owners; $33
million, or 12 percent, from no-interest loan
Lease: 30 years (2000-2029); $7.1 million annually ($4.6 million rent;
$2.5 million to capital improvements fund)?

Source. Ballparks

501 Crawford St.
Houston, Texas 77002  

Former names 
Enron Field, Astros Field 

Left Field - 315 ft (96 m) 
Left-Center - 362 ft (110 m) 
Left-Center (deep) - 404 ft (123 m) 
Center Field - 435 ft (133 m) 
Right-Center - 373 ft (114 m) 
Right Field - 326 ft (99 m)

?It is estimated that almost 25,000 parking spaces are available in a
walkable distance for ballpark events.?


Comerica Park

Detroit, Michigan
Tenant: Detroit Tigers (AL)
Surface: Grass
Capacity: 40,000 (2000); 40,950 (2005)

?Architect: HOK Sport (Kansas City); SHG Inc. (Detroit)
Construction: Hunt-Turner-White (a group consisting of firms Huber,
Hunt & Nichols Inc., Turner Construction Inc. and White Construction
Owner: Detroit-Wayne County Stadium Authority
Cost: $300 million
Public financing: $115 million, or 38 percent, from 2 percent
rental-car tax and 1 percent hotel tax, and money from Indian casino
Private financing: $185 million, or 62 percent, from Tigers owner Mike Ilitch.?

Detroit Tigers tickets:

Style: Open air

Broke ground October 29, 1997 
Opened: April 11, 2000 (against the Seattle Mariners)

2100 Woodward Ave.
Detroit, Michigan 48216  

Left Field - 345 ft 
Left-Center - 370 ft 
Center Field - 420 ft 
Right-Center - 365 ft 
Right Field - 330 ft  

?In December 1998, Comerica Bank agreed to pay $66 million over 30
years for the naming rights for the new ballpark.?

?Olympia Entertainment's Parking Services Department operates and
manages approximately 4,500 parking spaces surrounding Comerica Park
and the Fox Theatre. There are also numerous other privately operated
parking facilities within a 15 minute walk of Comerica Park.
Personal vehicles
Limited reserved parking spaces for the season are available for
Luxury Suites, On-Deck Circle, Club Seat, and regular season ticket


Safeco Field 

Seattle, Washington

Tenants: Seattle Mariners (AL)

Broke ground March 8, 1997 ( )
Opened: July 15, 1999 (against the San Diego Padres)

Style: Retractable roof
Surface: Grass
Capacity: 46,621 (baseball only); main bowl: 24,399; club level:
4,254; suite level: 936; upper bowl: 16,022; disabled seats: 1,010
(505 companion seats).

?Architect: NBBJ (Seattle).
Construction: Stadium: Hunt-Kiewit (a joint venture between Huber,
Hunt and Nichols, Inc. and (Peter) Kiewit Construction Company),
Skilling Ward Magnusson Barkshire (Seattle); Roof: The Erection
Company Inc. (Redmond).?

?Owner: Washington-King County stadium authority.
Cost: $517.6 million (as of July 1999).
Public financing: $340 million from a one-half-cent prepared food tax
in King County and rental-car tax.
Private financing: $75 million from Mariners owners. Cost overruns of
over $100 million are still being settled.?

Source: Ballparks

1250 First Avenue S.
Seattle, Washington 98134  

Left Field - 331 ft 
Left-Center - 390 ft 
Center Field - 405 ft 
Right-Center - 386 ft 
Right Field - 326 ft  


?On July 15, 1999, the Seattle Mariners hosted the San Diego Padres in
the opening game at Safeco Field, a $517 million, 47,000-seat ballpark
a quarter-mile south of their previous quarters at The Kingdome. Their
new venue is the most expensive stadium of any type in the U.S., the
most costly baseball-only venue anywhere, and is clouded over by an
intense political dispute over the Mariners' obligation to cover $100
million in cost overruns.?
Baseball Library

There are several large, and many small, parking lots and garages
within a short walk of the ballpark.

Ballpark History


Search terms:
MLB stadiums
Major League Baseball Stadiums

I hope the information provided is helpful!

Best regards,

Clarification of Answer by bobbie7-ga on 03 Jul 2006 17:26 PDT
Dear Easyman11,

The notification system is not working and I didn't see your
clarification until after I posted your answer. I had locked your
question and was working on it long before you found the answer by
yourself. I would not have posted my answer if I knew you had answered
it by yourself.

In any case, you may request a refund by filling in the form at the
following link.

There are no comments at this time.

Important Disclaimer: Answers and comments provided on Google Answers are general information, and are not intended to substitute for informed professional medical, psychiatric, psychological, tax, legal, investment, accounting, or other professional advice. Google does not endorse, and expressly disclaims liability for any product, manufacturer, distributor, service or service provider mentioned or any opinion expressed in answers or comments. Please read carefully the Google Answers Terms of Service.

If you feel that you have found inappropriate content, please let us know by emailing us at with the question ID listed above. Thank you.
Search Google Answers for
Google Answers  

Google Home - Answers FAQ - Terms of Service - Privacy Policy