Here are some great links for learning about the Coelacanth (Latimeria
chalumnae). The first live Coelacanth was discovered off the east
coast of South Africa in 1938 and it wasn't until the 1990's that they
began showing up in Madagascar.
What is a coelacanth?
"Madagascar was long thought to be a potential site for coelacanth
populations (Particularly by researcher Robin Stobbs) . Scientifically
confirmed catches began in the mid 1990's. The 4th "official"
Madagascan coelacanth was caught by accident in a gill net north of
Toliara in mid-March, 2001. This specimen was a female about 1.8 m in
length and 80kg. It was caught at 100m depth. In 1995, and again a
year later, two coelacanths were netted near St Augustin. A third was
recently caught in the same area but cut up for bait before being
examined by scientists! So far it looks as if the Madagascar
coelacanths are the same species as the Comoran ones and may be
"Coelacanth (meaning "hollow thorn"...) is the common name for an
order of fish that includes the oldest living lineage of jawed fish
known to date. The coelacanths, which are closely related to
lungfishes, were believed to have been extinct since the end of the
Cretaceous period ? until a live specimen turned up off the east coast
of South Africa off the Chalumna River in 1938. Since then, they have
been found in the Comoros, Sulawesi (Indonesia), Kenya, Tanzania,
Mozambique, Madagascar and the Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park in South
The Fish Out of Time
Integrated Taxonomic Information System
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Google Search Terms Used:
I tried various spellings and had success when a friend suggested adding the "o".