POV stands for "Point of View." In fiction, this term refers to the
manner in which the "narrator" presents the story.
"Every story has a narrator, who presents the action from a
particular, identifiable point of view. The narrator may be a
character in the story who speaks in the first person. More often, the
narrator views the action from a vantage point outside the story,
speaking in the third person. When such a narrator seems to know
everything about all the characters, he may be called omniscient...
In literature, point of view refers to who narrates a story and how
much that narrator knows. In a story told from the first-person point
of view, the writer chooses to have a character within the story
narrate it, using the first-person pronouns I and me. This method of
storytelling lets the reader see and know only what that character,
the narrator, sees and knows...
When planning a story, an author usually chooses between first-person
point of view, in which the narrator is a character, and third-person
point of view, in which the narrator is not a story participant.
Third-person narrators can be classified as omniscient or limited,
depending on how much they know. In the omniscient point of view, the
narrator is all-knowing and so can describe every character's
thoughts. By contrast, a narrator in a third-person limited point of
view possesses limited knowledge, often confined to one or two
Elements of Fiction: Point of View
For additional information, the articles linked below should be of interest:
Literature: Exploring Point of View
Wikipedia: Point of View (literature)
My Google search strategy:
Google Web Search: pov "point of view" literature
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