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Q: Las Vegas casino theater technical details ( Answered 4 out of 5 stars,   0 Comments )
Subject: Las Vegas casino theater technical details
Category: Arts and Entertainment > Performing Arts
Asked by: yunimark-ga
List Price: $65.00
Posted: 27 Jul 2006 03:21 PDT
Expires: 26 Aug 2006 03:21 PDT
Question ID: 750011
I need to find out the technical details of the theater venues for the
following Las Vegas casinos:  Bellagio, Mandalay Bay, and the
Venetian.  I need seating capacity, sound & lighting details in terms
of designer and equipment, acoustic engineers, architects,
construction budget, etc.
Subject: Re: Las Vegas casino theater technical details
Answered By: keystroke-ga on 28 Jul 2006 10:37 PDT
Rated:4 out of 5 stars
Hi yunimark,

*Bellagio theatre-- O Theatre at the Bellagio

The Bellagio's theatre is home to the Cirque du Soleil show "O." It
premiered in October 1998 at the Bellagio, at that time the newest
hotel in Las Vegas.  It was built by the Montreal-based architectural
firm Sceno Plus, who build many Cirque du Soleil theatres. Here are
some details:

Seating capacity-- 1800 people

Architects--Sceno Plus, Montreal
  -- architect: Michael Aube, senior architect at Sceno
  -- in collaboration with Michael Crete of Cirque du Soleil
  --Atlantdia Designs, in Vegas, monitored the process for the Bellagio owners

Lighting designer: 
Bob Barbagallo, lighting system designer for Sceno Plus
      -- for equipment
Luc LaFortune of Cirque du Soleil, for the lighting of the show itself.

Lighting details:
The chandelier uses cyan (Lee 116) and indigo (GAM 890) gel in the followspots.
Fisher Technical Services of Las Vegas designed a special braking
system for the chandelier, as well as a winch for flying the
performers up and down along with the chandelier.

"Underwater dimming was even more of a challenge; the task of solving
it fell to Bob Barbagallo, lighting system designer for Sceno Plus.
After over one year working on the problem, he eventually developed a
special GFCI (ground-fault circuit interrupter) dimmer and "magic"
cable that could handle the 400' runs from the dimmer room to the
pool. Steve Terry of Production Arts/PRG was brought in during the
dimmer testing process and eventually won the bid to install the
lighting package and supervise system integration." (1)

"Lighting instruments mounted on the carousel include four ETC Source
Fours and 16 PAR-64s, which are operated without DMX cables, using a
wireless method, Interactive Technologies' RadioDMX technology, to
transmit DMX. Since it operates on the 2.4GHz band, there is no
interference from wireless microphone or intercom systems in the
theatre. The cables for some of the other lighting fixtures in the
theatre, including theHigh End Systems Studio Color(R) automated
luminaires, which are hung on the carousel, and the underwater
lighting built into the stage lifts, are carried in IGUS Chain, a
modular plastic cable-management system. IGUS Chain is also used to
carry water and air hoses to the underwater stage lifts for use with
various special effects." (2)

" The lighting rig includes over 500 ETC Source Four ellipsoidals,
plus 72 automated luminaires: 42 High End System Studio Colors, and 30
Clay Paky Stage Scans. These are hung on short, articulated battens,
referred to as scan sticks, over the stage, with additional positions
on the telepherique trusses.

To light the water in the pool, a majority of the front lighting comes
from a subterranean light tunnel (at the same level as the pool) which
has eleven 4"-thick Plexiglas windows that open along the downstage
perimeter of the pool. Located in the tunnel are 22 Altman single-cell
far-cyc units, half with no color and half with GAM 890 blue, or one
of each per window. There are also seven Juliat 2.5kW HMI profile
spots and two 4kW Strand fresnels with Wybron Coloram scrollers, each
with 24 color choices.

There are four dimmer locations for the 1,695 Strand CD80 Supervisor
dimmers, including 288 GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) dimmers
for wet-location lighting developed in conjunction with Bob Barbagallo
of Sceno Plus. The four locations are: 1) in the lighting tunnel for
96 of the GFCI dimmers; 2) 192 GFCI dimmers at stage level for the
pool and onstage circuits; 3) in the light booth for house lights and
front-of-house; and 4) in the grid for the grid circuits over the
stage. The goal was to localize the dimming as much as possible to
reduce wire runs and avoid voltage drops.

A full reporting system identifies voltages, amp loads, burnouts, and
other troubleshooting data for every individual dimmer module. A
signal panel in the center of the auditorium (in front of the sound
mixing board) has a second set of input jacks that echo the light
booth for remote use of consoles for programming in the house. The
lighting control system integration was assured by Production
Arts/PRG, which also helped test the GFCI dimming system." (2)

Acoustic designer: Jean-Pierre Legault of Sceno Plus

Acoustic details:
'Acoustically, the Bellagio Theatre is a hybrid, designed to
complement the subtlety and nuance of a specialized sound
reinforcement system, yet live enough for the audience to feed off its
own reactions to the performance.

"It's an acoustic paradox, or balance, if you will," explains
Bergeron. "The audience members must hear each other applaud; it
heightens their involvement. But at the same time, the room can't be
too live, because we need it to be fairly tight to produce the type of
music and sounds as they need to be heard. It's very difficult, but
they've done a good job with this room in a general sense."

The room includes close to 30 surround loudspeakers alone, with others
specially placed for effects. They are distributed behind the balcony,
on the face of the balcony but firing forward to cover the main floor,
and there are even some built (and completely concealed) into side
walls. Meanwhile, the proscenium framing the stage/pool contains two
loudspeaker clusters, with more loudspeakers along its sides. Finally,
a series of compact loudspeakers contained in the stage lip bolster
coverage to the first few seating rows not getting complete mid/high
output from the clusters due to logistics.'

Construction details:
Construction budget: $100 million
Olaf Soot Associates, a subcontractor to Hoffend & Sons, did all the
rigging work for the theatre.

Sound designers:
Jonathan Deans and Francois Bergeron, of Cirque du Soleil

Sound details:
Equipment used-- (full detail in Source #2)
Aphex Model 107 microphone pre-amps
Tubessence technology
LCS LD-88 digital mixers
   -- loaded with LCS CueStation software
Cadac sound control station
Crest Professional Series power amplifiers
PCs with Crest NexSys control software
Trap 42s from Renkus Heinz loudspeakers
custom Reinkus loudspeakers
Sound Advance SA2 loudspeakers
JBL surround speakers
PCs running Cadac cue control and backup, LCS CueStation software and
backup, Crest NexSys amplifier control and monitoring and backup, JBL
Smaart-Pro Acoustical Analysis software
"Neptune system"-- music piped into the pool for cast members to hear
Soundcraft Spirit mixer
12 underwater Clark Synthesis speakers

Additional Details: 
--the stage includes a pool holding 1.5 million gallons of water; it
is 25 feet deep and measures 150-by-100 feet. The water is maintained
at 84 degrees.
---Translucent ceiling.
How they achieved the translucent ceiling:
"The focal point of the theatre is its elliptical domed ceiling, which
Crete describes as 'translucent.' To achieve this look, two layers of
galvanized metal mesh are lit from behind with GAM 725 (turquoise),
GAM 890 (deep indigo) and Lee 161 (steel blue) gels used with over
4000 MR16 zip strips and 192 Altman PAR-64s." (2)
-- vents beneath every seat keep the air temp at a comfortable 72 degrees



The Phantom Theatre
"Phantom: The Las Vegas Spectacular"
opened June 2006 
Construction costs: $40 million

Seating capacity: 1,800

Sound designer: 	MICK POTTER
  	Original Sound Designer 	MARTIN LEVAN

Sound details:  Yamaha PMID console
fully stocked with 96 inputs/74 outputs with dual DSP main and backup engines
Meyer and d&b speakers

Lighting designer: PRG Lighting in Las Vegas

Lighting details:
The Chandelier.
The Phantom chandelier is controlled by a bank of 40 computers and
comes together from four pieces at the beginning of the show. It
weighs one tonne.
Scott Fisher of Fisher Technical Services was involved in the design
of its operation. The chandelier cost $5 million and consists of
thousands of hand-strung crystals. At a pivotal moment in the play,
the light crashes 45 feet in three seconds.
Tomcat equipment

David Rockwell of New York's Rockwell Group


Mandalay Bay--

Mandalay Bay Theatre
--Mamma Mia!
built in 1999, originally for the musical Chicago

Seating capacity: 1,600

Sound designers: Head of audio, Jason Pritchard
Original in London, Chris Full
Autograph Recordings Ltd.-- Andrew Bruce and Bobby Aitken

Sound details:
miniature mikes at the hairline
L'Acoustic V-Dosc system

Lighting designer: Howard Harrison of London

Lighting details: (7)
DHA Digital Light Curtains #119 through 136.
six 6-lamp Pitching DLCs, three 6-lamp standard DLCs and eight 8-lamp standard DLCs
"ETC Source Fours and a smattering of Vari*Lites (mainly VL5(TM)s and
the odd lonely VL7(TM))" (8)
Roscolux R68 (Sky Blue), R68 doubled, R385 (Royal Blue) and Lee 201 (full CT blue)
many more details in Source #12

Klai Juba Architects, WorthGroup 

MJ Dean Construction
Other firms involved:
JBA Consulting Engineers, Dougall Design Associates, Inc., Carter &
Burgess, Inc., Dynalectric Las Vegas, Jake's Crane, Rigging &
Transportation International, Inc., Viracon, UltraGlas, Inc., W & W
Steel Company. (10)

-- built at the same time as the hotel itself, for which the cost was $950 million




Search terms:
bellagio theatre
"o theatre"
"andrew bruce" + "mandalay bay"
"mj dean construction" + "mandalay bay" "phantom theatre" "mick potter"

If you have any queries or need clarification, please let me know and
I'll be glad to help you out.

yunimark-ga rated this answer:4 out of 5 stars

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