Google Answers Logo
View Question
Q: Looking for papers on remarriage in old age ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   1 Comment )
Subject: Looking for papers on remarriage in old age
Category: Science > Social Sciences
Asked by: nobby007-ga
List Price: $150.00
Posted: 28 Jul 2006 17:53 PDT
Expires: 27 Aug 2006 17:53 PDT
Question ID: 750538
I'm looking for papers pertaining to remarriage in old age, especially
based on medical science.

Pick up useful papers from PubMed or Google Scholar, meeting the
following conditions:

1. Studies CLEARLY referring to how remarriage in the elderly affects
their physical or mental status (e.g. 'Longitudinal changes in mental
and physical health among elderly, recently widowed men' KM Bennett,
Mortality, 1998)

2. Specifying title of the paper, author name, and journal titles

Well, I have no clues how many papers would be picked up, but I expect 20~50 ones.

FYI, the keywords when searching would be 'remarriage' 'elderly' 'old age' etc.
Subject: Re: Looking for papers on remarriage in old age
Answered By: pafalafa-ga on 31 Jul 2006 05:08 PDT
Rated:5 out of 5 stars

Thanks for an interesting question.

There is not a tremendous amount of research on this particular topic,
but I did manage to find a number of articles that seem to fit your
criteria quite well.

I focused for the most part on articles published in the past few
decades, and that focused on remarriage in the Western world, as
opposed to, say, studies of remarriage in New Guinea tribespeople.

I also sidestepped the articles that were chiefly demographic in
nature...there were quite a number of these, but they did not delve
into the psychological or physical health consequences of remarriage.

Here's what I found...

A Google search on [ ~remarriage ~elderly inurl:entrez site:gov ] (the
tilde ~ tells Googles to look for synonyms) identified these articles
from Pubmed:
Res Aging. 1990 Dec;12(4):546-59.  
Remarriage of older Canadians: description and interpretation.
Burch TK.
Population Studies Center, University of Western Ontario.

...The remarriage experience of Canadian men and women aged 55 and
over at time of survey are described using data from the Canadian
Family History Survey, carried out in 1984 by Statistics Canada.
J Gerontol Nurs. 1987 Jun;13(6):9-14.  
Older adults' sexuality and remarriage.
Travis SS.
J Women Aging. 2005;17(4):21-41. 
Remarriage in later life: older women's negotiation of power,
resources and domestic labor.
Hurd Clarke L.
School of Human Kinetics, The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z2.
...Using data from in-depth interviews with 24 community-dwelling
women aged 52-90, this paper analyzes the remarriage experiences of
older women in contrast to their first marital relationships.
Demography. 1991 Aug;28(3):361-74. 
Remarriage patterns among recent widows and widowers.
Smith KR, Zick CD, Duncan GJ.
Department of Family and Consumer Studies, University of Utah, Salt
Lake City 84112.\
...Remarriage is one of the most important determinants of physical
and economic well-being among the widowed.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2006 Mar;61(2):S71-9.
Cohabitation among older adults: a national portrait.
Brown SL, Lee GR, Bulanda JR.
Department of Sociology and Center for Family and Demographic
Research, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403,
...OBJECTIVE: Older adults are increasingly likely to experience
cohabitation, or living together unmarried in an intimate,
heterosexual union. In order to begin building a conceptual framework,
we provide a descriptive portrait of older adult cohabitors,
emphasizing how they compare to older remarrieds and unpartnereds.
Eur J Popul. 1998 Jun;14(2):157-78. 
Trends in marriage formation in Sweden, 1971-1993.
Andersson G.
...This study examined parity specific indices of marriage risks for
first marriages and remarriages during 1971-93 in Sweden. Data were
obtained from the Swedish population register and "Statistics Sweden."
The data set included 76,000 registered marriages during 1968-93.
Registered data excludes cohabitation. Analysis was based on
proportional hazard models. The simple model indicated that marriage
intensity varied with age, parity order, civil status, and year. When
age, year, and parity were controlled, marriage risks were lower for
widows than never-marrieds. Divorced and never-marrieds had similar
risks of marriage.
Can J Aging. 2004 Summer;23(2):141-55. 
Gender and marital-history differences in emotional and social
loneliness among Dutch older adults.
Dykstra PA, de Jong Gierveld J.
Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, The Hague.
...In this study, Weiss's (1973) theorizing about the sources of
emotional and social loneliness is elaborated--with notions about the
asymmetric gratifications derived from marriage, about the conflicting
loyalties that result from remarriage, and about selection into
marriage--in order to reach an understanding of gender differences in
loneliness, both in and outside of marriage. First and subsequent
marriages are considered, as well as marital disruptions and never
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 September 16; 100(19): 11176?11183. 
Explaining happiness
Richard A. Easterlin*
Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los
Angeles, CA 90089-0253
...Remarriage has the same positive effect on happiness as a first marriage.
Prevention and the elderly: risk factors.
R L Kane, R A Kane, and S B Arnold
Health Serv Res. 1985 February; 19(6 Pt 2): 945?1006.
J Chronic Dis. 1984;37(5):353-63. 
Prevention of age-associated loss of autonomy: epidemiological approaches.
Grimley Evans J.
Am J Epidemiol. 1979 Feb;109(2):186-204.  
Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: a nine-year follow-up
study of Alameda County residents.
Berkman LF, Syme SL.
Am J Epidemiol. 1982 May;115(5):684-94.  
Social support and mortality in an elderly community population.
Blazer DG.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 1981 Jan;29(1):14-8. 
The depressed patient: social antecedents of psychopathologic changes
in the elderly.
Solomon K.
J Clin Nurs. 2004 Mar;13(3a):11-21. 
Social context and outcomes for the ageing breast cancer patient:
considerations for clinical practitioners.
Ballantyne PJ.
Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Public Health Science and Institute
for Human Development, Life Course and Aging, University of Toronto,
Ontario, Canada.
Brain Behav Immun. 1999 Mar;13(1):61-72.  
Norman Cousins Memorial Lecture 1998. Stress, personal relationships,
and immune function: health implications.
Kiecolt-Glaser JK.
Department of Psychiatry, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus 43210
BMJ. 1998 May 9;316(7142):1452-4.   
Loss in late life.
Pitt B.
Department of Psychological Medicine, Imperial College School of
Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London W2 0HA
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1997 May;12(5):505-12.  
Social relationships in later life: a review of the research literature.
Phillipson C.
Psychol Bull. 1995 Jul;118(1):3-34.  
The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: a review of
theory, method, and research.
Karney BR, Bradbury TN. 
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-1563
Fam Pract. 1991 Mar;8(1):68-83. 
Social support and social networks: their relationship to the
successful and unsuccessful survival of elderly people in the
community. An analysis of concepts and a review of the evidence.
Bowling A.
Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and
Tropical Medicine University of London.
J Gerontol. 1991 Jan;46(1):S1-8. 
Living arrangements and sources of caregiving.
Chappell NL.
Centre on Aging, University of Manitoba, Canada
Health Rep. 1990;2(4):361-76. 
Life expectancy in Canada--an overview
Psychol Aging. 1989 Dec;4(4):454-63.  
Mental health of caregiving spouses: coping as mediator, moderator, or main effect?
Pruchno RA, Resch NL. 
Philadelphia Geriatric Center, Pennsylvania 19141
Z Gerontol. 1987 Sep-Oct;20(5):263-8. 
Remarriage in the aged
Heekerens HP.
Fachhochschule Munchen, Fachbereich Sozialwesen.
...A comprehensive review of our knowledge on remarriage in old age is
presented, based on demographic data and on empirical studies both
from Germany and elsewhere.
Compr Psychiatry. 1986 Jul-Aug;27(4):351-63.  
The effects of loneliness: a review of the literature.
West DA, Kellner R, Moore-West M.
Am J Psychiatry. 1975 Feb;132(2):133-7.  
The effect of living alone on bereavement symptoms.
Clayton PJ.
Annu Rev Public Health. 1984;5:413-32.  
Assessing the physical health effects of social networks and social
support.Berkman LF.
Soc Work Health Care. 1982 Winter;8(2):65-74.  
The effects of social support networks on the health of the elderly.
Gallo F.
Psychosom Med. 1977 Sep-Oct;39(5):344-57.  
An epidemiological review of the mortality of bereavement.
Jacobs S, Ostfeld A.
Am J Public Health. 1987 Mar;77(3):283-7.  
Mortality after bereavement: a prospective study of 95,647 widowed persons.
Kaprio J, Koskenvuo M, Rita H.


A search at Google Scholar and at Windows Live Academic (the Microsoft
equivalent to Google Scholar) on the terms [ ~remarriage ~elderly ]
resulted in these paper:
Older widows' attitudes towards men and remarriage 
Author: Talbott M.M.1
Source: Journal of Aging Studies, Volume 12, Number 4, Winter 1998, pp. 429-449(21)
Sara Curran
Sara McLanahan
Jean Knab
Office of Population Research
September 2000
...This study addresses the debate over whether higher-order marriages will help
offset the expected loss of social support from kin due to divorce for
future generations of
the elderly.
[NOTE that full paper is available online at the above link]
Bereavement and remarriage for older adults
BURKS V. K. (1) ; LUND D. A. ; GREGG C. H. ; BLUHM H. P. ; 
Univ. Utah coll. nursing, Salt Lake City
Death studies  
1988, vol. 12, no1, pp. 51-60 (24 ref.)
Remarriage Patterns Among Recent Widows and Widowers 
Ken R. Smith, Cathleen D. Zick, Greg J. Duncan
Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Aug., 1991) , pp. 361-374
Divorce and Remarriage at Middle Age and beyond 
Donna Hodgkins Berardo
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol.
464, Middle and Late Life Transitions (Nov., 1982) , pp. 132-139
Grief and older people: the making or breaking of emotional bonds
following partner loss in later life
John Costello RGN RMN MEd PhD & Kevin Kendrick RGN MSc BA (Hons) DIP SOC ADMIN 
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 32 Page 1374  - December 2000
...The aim of this ethnographic study was to explore retrospectively
the grief experiences of 12 older people whose partners had recently
died in hospital, following a period of terminal illness.

[no link available...this is listed in the search results as a paper
cited in other documents]
The positive effect of remarriage on older widowers? well-being
RW Greene - Unpublished thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1990
The desire to date and remarry among older widows and widowers 
Deborah Carr 
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 66 Page 1051  - November 2004
...This study explores gender differences in older widowed persons'
interest in dating and remarriage, and the implications of these
desires for psychological adjustment to loss.
The Importance of Dating Relationships on Quality of Life for Older Persons 
Kris Bulcroft, Margaret O'Connor
Family Relations, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Jul., 1986) , pp. 397-401
Families in the Middle and Later Years: A Review and Critique of
Research in the 1990s
Katherine R. Allen1, Rosemary Blieszner1, and Karen A. Roberto1 
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 62 Page 911  - November 2000
A comprehensive framework for marriage education 
Alan J. Hawkins, Jason S. Carroll, William J. Doherty, and Brian Willoughby 
Family Relations
Volume 53 Page 547  - October 2004
Marital Research in the 20th Century and a Research Agenda for the 21st Century 
John M., Gottman, Ph.D.
Clifford I. Notarius, Ph.D. 
Family Process
Volume 41 Page 159  - June 2002

I trust that meets your needs, but if there's anything else I can do
for you, just let me know by posting a Request for Clarification.


nobby007-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $20.00
Hello pafalafa-ga,

Thanks for your elaborate answer! (& sorry for my delaying in reply)
The listing you were kind enough to explain in detail meets my needs
perfectly, nay, better-than-expected.
No additional answers is required.

Very helpful, and a great answer!

Subject: Re: Looking for papers on remarriage in old age
From: pafalafa-ga on 04 Aug 2006 13:42 PDT

Thanks so much.  It means quite a lot to me to get that sort of
feedback on an answer of mine.

Hope to see you back at Google Answers one of these days.


Important Disclaimer: Answers and comments provided on Google Answers are general information, and are not intended to substitute for informed professional medical, psychiatric, psychological, tax, legal, investment, accounting, or other professional advice. Google does not endorse, and expressly disclaims liability for any product, manufacturer, distributor, service or service provider mentioned or any opinion expressed in answers or comments. Please read carefully the Google Answers Terms of Service.

If you feel that you have found inappropriate content, please let us know by emailing us at with the question ID listed above. Thank you.
Search Google Answers for
Google Answers  

Google Home - Answers FAQ - Terms of Service - Privacy Policy