To answer this question I have looked at a number of obituaries and
biographies for lawyers who were born and educated in Liverpool and
called to the Bar. The source of these has been the Oxford Dictionary
of National Bibliography, Who Was Who and Who?s Who. Unfortunately
both are subscriber access so I cannot refer you directly to them or
place the full information here because of copyright.
All of these examples are for people born in Liverpool in the period
1920 until 1940 and there is a common thread of middle-class parents,
private or grammar school education, and then University: Liverpool,
Oxford, or Cambridge, reading law and obtaining an LLB. Then called to
Background information on the schools and University of Liverpool.
University of Liverpool
St Edward's Coll Liverpool, Univ of Liverpool (Emmott memorial
scholar, Alsopp prizewinner, LLB).
Liverpool Coll, Univ of Birmingham (LLB).
Liverpool Collegiate GS, Univ of London (external LLB).
Alsop HS Liverpool, Oxford (MA, DPhil, DCL).
Liverpool Coll, King George V Sch Southport, Trinity Coll Cambridge.
Father: Solicitor and alderman
Law degree and the bar at the University of Liverpool.
Father: Bank manager
Educated locally at St Francis Xavier's College, and at the University
Liverpool institute, LLB Trinity Hall, Cambridge
You may have to consider that schooling may have been interrupted by
evacuation during the war.
I hope this answers your question. If it does not, or the answer is
unclear, then please ask for clarification of this research before
rating the answer. I shall respond to the clarification request as
soon as I receive it.
Clarification of Answer by
06 Sep 2006 03:02 PDT
It has been difficult to find historical information on the internet
for these further questions and you may have to refer to off-line
sources. However, I hope the following will assist you.
The 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica has some useful information on the
steps to becoming a barrister. Although it is for 191,1 I think it can
be applied to your period as the system was not changed until
You may wish to read the page in its entirety.
?Students are admitted as members of the Inns of Court, on paying
certain fees and on passing a general (elementary) examination or
(alternatively) producing evidence of having passed a public
examination at a university; their subsequent call to the bar depends
on their keeping twelve terms (of which there are four in each year),
and passing certain further examinations. A term is "kept" by dining
six times (three for a student whose name is on the books of a
university) in hall.
?The profession of barrister is open to almost every one; but no
person connected with the law in any inferior capacity or who is a
chartered or professional accountant, can enter an Inn of Court as a
student until he has entirely and bona fide ceased to act or practise
in such capacity. Some of the Inns also make a restriction that their
members shall not be engaged in trade.?
The examinations were conducted by the Council of Legal Education.
This is from the description of their articles.
?The Council of Legal Education (CLE) was established by Resolutions
of the Inns of Court in 1852, following the recommendation that year
of a Legal Education Committee of the Four Inns. The CLE, consisting
of eight members under the Chairmanship of Richard Bethell QC (later
Lord Westbury), was entrusted with the power and duty of
superintending the education and examination of students who had been
admitted to the Inns and was to consist of an equal number of Benchers
appointed by each of the Inns. Five Readerships or Professorships were
set up, to each deliver three courses of lectures per year. Students
were required to attend a certain number of lectures and to pass
public examinations. The examinations were held thrice yearly, in
Michaelmas, Hilary and Trinity terms. The CLE was given the power to
grant dispensations to students unable to attend all required
The requirement for twelve terms still seems applicable at Lincolns Inn.
?Students are required to attend 12 qualifying sessions before being
Called to the Bar. Qualifying sessions for the most part take the form
of dining in Hall.?
As for payment of his pupillage I cannot find the answer. From my own
experience of the present system, I suspect that the pupil would have
access to a source of money as they would be receiving no fees during
the time of their pupillage.
A possible solution is to make an enquiry at one of the Inns of Court libraries.
I hope this helps.