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Q: Hospitals in Central America ( Answered 5 out of 5 stars,   1 Comment )
Subject: Hospitals in Central America
Category: Health > Medicine
Asked by: jess05-ga
List Price: $25.00
Posted: 19 Aug 2006 08:07 PDT
Expires: 18 Sep 2006 08:07 PDT
Question ID: 757626
Can someone tell me how many hospitals are located in Central America?
Subject: Re: Hospitals in Central America
Answered By: bobbie7-ga on 19 Aug 2006 10:54 PDT
Rated:5 out of 5 stars
Hello Jude05,  

Central America is traditionally considered to consist of the
following countries: Belice, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,
Hondura, Nicaragua and Panama.

According to Dorland Healthcare Information there are 591 hospitals in
Central America.

According to the IHF database of hospitals there are 347 hospitals.:

Belice           9
Costa Rica      33
El Salvador     76
Guatemala       78
Honduras        86
Panama          41
Nicaragua       24 
"IHF Database of Hospitals"

I also did individual country research and obtained the following numbers:

Nicarágua -  32 hospitals

?Datos del Ministerio de Salud (Minsa), indican que 11 de los 32
hospitales del país han sido afectados desde el pasado jueves por la
falta de energía eléctrica.?
La Prensa Newspaper: August 15, 2006

The physical infrastructure administered by the Ministry of Health
consists of 996 health care facilities, 48.3% of which are
concentrated in the Pacific coast area. Managua has 11 hospitals, more
than a third of all hospital facilities.
The private health sector consists of eight hospitals

Pan American Health Organization


Belize ? 10 hospitals

According to the Pan American Health Organization there are 10
hospitals in Belize (8 public and 2 private).

?There are eight public hospitals, one in each district, with the
exception of Cayo and Belize Districts, which each have two. Karl
Heusner Memorial Hospital is the national referral hospital and serves
the Belize District population with general and specialized services
for primary, secondary, and some tertiary care. Rockview Hospital,
located 22 miles from Belize City, is the national psychiatric
hospital. District hospitals function as primary level care facilities
and provide some secondary care. Referrals are made to neighboring
countries, but no standardized protocols are in place. There are 75
public facilities functioning as health centers (40) and rural health
posts (35). Health centers provide pre- and postnatal care,
immunization services, growth monitoring of children under age 5,
treatment for diarrhea and minor ailments, and general health
education. Some specialized clinics offer services for hypertension,
diabetes, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, and AIDS, also
providing referrals and follow-up.?

?The private medical sector is limited in number of providers and in
range of services. Only two private hospitals exist, a nonprofit
hospital in Cayo District (20 beds) and a for-profit facility in
Belize District (4 beds). In addition, there are 54 private clinics,
27 of which are in Belize City; Toledo District has one private
clinic. The private sector is mostly limited to outpatient services.
Secondary care is provided for maternity cases and simple surgeries.?

Pan American Health Organization 


Guatemala ? 44 Public Hospitals

There are 43 national hospitals in Guatemala

Guatemala's 44 public hospitals employ some 3,600 physicians.

Pharmacy Choice

?In 1999, the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare had 1,352
health establishments, 43 of which were hospitals (17 at the
department level, 10 at the district level, 7 regional, 6 specialized,
and 3 general hospitals that receive referrals). There were 29 type A
health centers, 234 type B health centers, 973 health posts, 48
peripheral emergency centers, and 15 maternity centers at the canton
level. The bed-population ratio was 1.0 per 1,000 in the country. IGSS
has 24 hospitals, 30 consultation offices, 18 primary care posts, and
5 services attached to national hospitals; 6 of the hospitals and 11
of the consultation offices are located in the department of
Guatemala. There are 2,447 available beds, for a ratio of 1.4 per
1,000 beneficiaries. There is a 360-bed Public Psychiatric Hospital in
Guatemala City, and six other national hospitals have mental health
units. IGSS has a 30-bed psychiatric unit and is working on creating a
mental health program.?

Pan American Health Organization


Panama - 36 Public Hospitals

?The public hospital network includes five national hospitals, 14
regional hospitals, and 17 area hospitals, which together have 5,936
beds. For the 3,709 beds in the hospitals under the Ministry of
Health, there were a total of 141,345 discharges in 1999, with an
average stay of 7.2 days and an occupancy rate of 67%. The private
sector had 989 hospital beds. A hospital management information system
that gives information on production, performance, resources, and
costs was tested in the public hospitals in a pilot project carried
out during 1998-2000.?


Honduras - 28 Hospitals

Altogether, there are 28 hospitals in Honduras. In addition, 249
CESAMOs and 1094 CESARs are. in charge of the health care of more
scarcely populated areas. CESAMO is a health centre with a. medical
doctor, and CESAR is a small rural with only a nurse.

Health Care System in Honduras


El Salvador - 30 Public Hospitals

?The Salvadoran Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MSPAS) has a
network of 30 public hospitals (including outpatient care)and primary
care facilities grouped administratively under 18 regions and 27 basic
health care systems. The public-sector network covers almost 50
percent of El Salvador's six million people. These public-sector
facilities, particularly hospitals, have difficulty maintaining a
sufficient stock of essential medicines.?

Public: 30 hospitals, with a total of 4,677 hospital beds 
Institute of Social Security - 10 hospitals

?The Health Sector is composed of three subsectors: (i) the public
subsector, consisting of the Ministry of Public Health and Social
Welfare, the Teaching Welfare and Military Health; (ii) social
security, consisting of the Salvadorian Institute of Social Security
(ISSR) and the Institute of Social Security of the Armed Forces
(ISSFA); (iii) the private subsector: including both profit and
nonprofit health services. The Plan for Modernization of the State was
launched during the period 1994-1999 and continues. The MSPAS
introduced changes in its organization and management model based on
the decentralization of health service delivery and administration.
Health services were organized by levels of complexity, with both
curative and preventive approaches. The network of services at the
national level consisted of 610 establishments in 2000: 30 hospitals,
with a total of 4,677 hospital beds, 357 health units, 171 "health
houses", 52 Rural Nutrition Centers, and 1 clinic for its employees.
The ISSS provided health care to workers in public and private
institutions. The network of services comprises 10 hospitals, 35
medical units, and 24 community clinics.?

Pan American Health Organization


Costa Rica - 29 hospitals and 250 clinics

?Costa Rica has a government sponsored network of 29 hospitals and
over 250 clinics divided between nine regions sponsored by the
government. Private health care is also widespread and the country is
well known for its plastic surgery.?

36 Hospitals

The secondary level of care is made up of 10 clinics, 13 peripheral
hospitals, and 7 regional hospitals. At the tertiary level, there are
six specialized hospitals and three general hospitals that serve the
entire country and offer highly specialized care.

Pan American Health Organization


I hope the information provided is helpful!

Search terms used: 
"200..800 hospitals in Central America
Hosptals in (name of country)
Hospitales en ( name of country)

Best regards,
jess05-ga rated this answer:5 out of 5 stars and gave an additional tip of: $5.00
Thanks for the quick and thorough results.

Subject: Re: Hospitals in Central America
From: bobbie7-ga on 21 Aug 2006 09:56 PDT
Thanks again for the rating and very nice tip!

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