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Q: the growing interactions between the logistic process and information technology ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Subject: the growing interactions between the logistic process and information technology
Category: Business and Money > eCommerce
Asked by: marcojah-ga
List Price: $200.00
Posted: 14 Sep 2006 01:39 PDT
Expires: 14 Oct 2006 01:39 PDT
Question ID: 765195
Value creation and industrial sectors reshaping through the
application of IT in the logistic field.
Examples of new and more efficient way to do business through
integration of IT and logistic.(ie. Amazon, Tesco).
Traditional warehouse versus IT warehouse.

Request for Question Clarification by politicalguru-ga on 14 Sep 2006 02:18 PDT
What is your question? It seems like you are writing a list of
statements. Are these statements going to lead to a question? Is it a
business school assignment?

Clarification of Question by marcojah-ga on 14 Sep 2006 03:43 PDT
how can the massive implementation of It technologies transform and
improve the logistic process (Logistics is that part of the supply
chain process that plans, implements, and controls the efficient,
effective forward and reverse flow and storage of goods, services ,
and related information between the point of origin and the point of
delivery/consumption in order to meet business and customers'
requirements), in particular in the distribution sector.
How can this lead to new ways of doing business and reshape the
traditional sectors boundaries.

Request for Question Clarification by guillermo-ga on 14 Sep 2006 08:03 PDT
Hello Marcojah-ga,

I understand that the answer you want consists of references to
articles addressing the issues you referred to in your question and
explained in your clarification. Am I on the right track? Thank you.


Clarification of Question by marcojah-ga on 14 Sep 2006 23:39 PDT
yes guillermo.
Subject: Re: the growing interactions between the logistic process and information technology
Answered By: guillermo-ga on 20 Sep 2006 23:04 PDT
Hello Marcojah-ga,

Here you are a number of sources of different depth level -- from
academic papers to industry case narratives or service descriptions --
that I believe plentifully covers the issues required in your answer.
However, if you consider that something was left aside, please ask me
for clarification and I'll do my best to tackle it.




For each source suggested, I quoted a brief excerpt, or wrote a
concise description, that gives you an idea of what you can find in it
related with your purpose.




Logistics and information technology: A coordination perspective
Journal of Business Logistics,  1997  by Ira Lewis,  Alexander Talalayevsky
At Find Articles

"Coordination theory has been developed in order to answer a basic
question: how will the widespread use of IT change the ways people
work together? Improvements in IT have significantly changed how
information can be processed and communicated, which in turn has led
to increased interest in the study of interdependencies between


Mapping the Automotive Textile Supply Chain: The Importance of
Information Visibility
Journal of Textile and Apparel. Technology and Management; by Robert
Handfield, Robert Barnhardt and Nancy Powell

"Dell's Information Visibility System: The Benchmark
"Perhaps no other company has been as successful in implementing
information visibility as a competitive strategy than Dell Computer
(...) By utilizing the Web, Dell provides its supplier with
forecasting information and receives information about the suppliers
ability to meet the forecasts. Dell uses i2 Technologies products..."


Construction Supply Chain Visualization
Through Web Services Integration
Jung Ung Min & Hans Bjornsson
CIFE Technical Report #149
MAY 2004

"Abstract: This paper presents SCVisualizer, a real-time information
visualization tool for construction supply chain management.
SCVisualizer leverages Web Services and computer agents technology for
building a virtual construction supply chain. Having real-time
information available at any time can increase information
transparency, which in turn, makes it easier for project managers to
identify potential risks. However, this is not an easy task since this
information has to be retrieved from heterogeneous systems. In
addition, the process of information retrieval is intractable for
practitioners. In order to increase information transparency in
construction supply chain management, this paper introduces a
prototype system that constructs a virtual supply chain seamlessly. A
hybrid approach for combining the existing two technologies is also
proposed for ensuring the connectivity and the interoperability of
software components over the Web."


Outlining a Future of Supply Chain Management -
Coordinated Supply Networks
Richard M. Hoppe
June 2001
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

"6.4.2 Logistics and Operations

" Third Party Logistics Providers

"The absolute majority of respondents mentioned that it is more likely
for qualified logistics providers to take on the role of coordinating
material flows and storage among 108 supply network partners as
opposed to being exclusively managed by the logistics departments of
each institution.107 Logistics services providers (LSP) such as JB
Hunt and Schneider National provide complex logistics engines,
technology ? in some instances with built in artificial intelligence
?, and have already invested heavily in the infrastructure for

"The argument for using LSPs for the entire network of suppliers is
based on the 3PLs core competence in managing logistics operations. In
several instances, these parties are able to operate sophisticated
cross-docking, merge in transit, and vendor managed inventories."


Journal of Business Logistics,  2003  by Kent, John L,  Mentzer, John T
At Find Articles

"The relationship between IT and interorganizational coordination is
particularly evident in the retail consumer products industry.
Retailers are using various forms of logistics management strategies
that include quick response (QR) and efficient consumer response (ECR)
techniques. Each of these techniques requires complete, timely, and
accurate coordination of stock-keeping unit (SKU) level information
among the organizations involved in a retail supply chain. Product
demand is captured within electronic point-of-sale (POS) systems and
triggers inventory replenishment. Inventory replenishment is then
tracked from global positioning systems (GPS) and shared among the
participant firms within the supply chain using electronic data
interchange (EDI). Ultimately this logistics information is made
available to employees and suppliers of the retail firm via
sophisticated logistics information systems (LIS) (Hagon 1994; Wallon
and Miller 1995)."


Logistics integration: The effect of information technology, team
composition, and corporate competitve positioning
Journal of Business Logistics,  1997  by Lisa R Williams,  Avril
Nibbs,  Dimples Irby,  Terence Finley
At Find Articles

"For example, one of the traditional organizational paradigms refers
to the relative degree of centralization, which allows firms to
leverage transportation volume for better service and cost reductions.
There is increasing evidence, however, that advances in information
technology and widespread availability of low-cost, high-powered
communication systems are dramatically altering the importance of
organization structure and, especially centralization, in logistics
strategy implementation.13 Even decentralized organizations now can
accumulate stored database information to leverage volume. Thus,
information technology can be vital in supporting strategic and
operational logistics decisions.

"The advances in information technology can make both suppliers and
buyers more cost, product, and process efficient, which means a given
channel can have an advantage over their competitors. In addition to
reducing paper-based order processing, invoicing errors, and costs
while streamlining efficiency, communications technology tool
facilitates the timely and effective exchange of information, not only
between the firm and its trading partners but also among functional
areas within firms. The literature further claims that the logistics
function is a key to bringing these advantages to fruition."


"The Impact of Automatic Identification on Supply Chain Operations."
The International Journal of Logistics Management, Volume 14, Number
1. Duncan McFarlane and Yossi Sheffi.
At MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics

"Automated Identification (AutoID) applications can provide corporate
information systems with the identity of each physical item in the
supply chain in an automated and timely manner. The real time
availability of item identity allows other information, related to the
item, to be drawn on in order to assess both the current state of the
product and future actions required. In the context of supply chain
operations, widespread introduction of such systems represents a major
opportunity to overhaul and improve tracking and tracing systems,
process control and inventory management. In the longer term, it is
possible that Auto ID Systems may enable a complete re-engineering of
the supply chain, by removing a number of the constraints that limit
today's supply chain structures."


"What's Driving the Need for TMS?" A Q&A with Chris Caplice and Adrian
Gonzalez on where the market for transportation management software is
headed. Logistics Management, January 2005.
At MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics

"TMS has been a solution that has remained in the spotlight since
early 2000. Companies are still under pressure to reduce
transportation costs. The whole transportation function in light of
capacity restraints, in light of the delays at the ports, in light of
globalization, has become more critical. Relying on manual processing
is no longer an option for succeeding in this type of environment.

MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics Research Papers


Lowering the Cost of Ownership 
Information technology pays dividends in maintenance and logistics
for aircraft, transit buses and other high-value systems. 
By John Toon
At Georgia Tech Research Horizons

"The goal is to use the latest information technology ? along with
sensors, hand-held diagnostics, wearable computers, CD-ROMs, Web
portals, radio frequency tags, airborne recording devices,
computer-based training and whole range of other technologies ? to
improve a long-neglected aspect of these systems: maintenance and
logistics. The center focuses on four major areas: integrated
logistics, supply chain management, systems sustainment and predictive
February 6, 2001
Lowering the Cost of Ownership: Research Center Uses Information
Technology to Cut Maintenance and Logistics Costs
At Georgia Tech Research News

"The first project of a new Georgia Institute of Technology research
center is expected to cut more than $1 million a year from the cost of
maintaining the U.S. Navy's fleet of P-3 Orion antisubmarine aircraft.
Using state-of-the-art information technology, the center's objective
is to reduce maintenance and logistics costs for aircraft, transit
buses, emergency response units and other high value systems."


Hitachi Transport System, Ltd. (a Hitachi Group company) is a world
leader in third party logistics (3PL). It claims that its "ability to
optimize customer logistics is based on three strengths"
( ) ,

"Consulting that is Logical and Based on a Hands-on Perspective"

"Information Technology and Logistics Engineering for Real Time
Distribution Management", the most relevant for your interest
( )


Operational Capabilities Backed by a Wealth of Accomplishments
( )


TECSYS Inc. is "an industry-leading Supply Chain Management software
company that provides powerful enterprise business and logistics
solutions (that) power hundreds of successful world-class distribution
operations around the globe..." producing distribution, warehouse and
transportation management software.
( )

TECSYS' website offers descriptions of its experiences with many of
its clients, which provide useful examples of practical consequences
of applying IT solutions to logistics -- though obviously intended to
highlight product merits.

Customer Case Studies (links to all cases):



Assured Logistics


Cardinal Health






Hospital Logistics, Inc.




Peters & May



Sisters of Mercy


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