There is a lot of information on Carroll, so some of the information
below is in extracts. You will have to look at each page in its
entirety to obtain the information you require. Also, I am sorry if
some of it is repeated but there was so much to go through. You may
also have to check and compare facts as I have noticed one mistake on
one site. I could not find a biography for him in book form. He is
mentioned in many books of the Civil War and these are linked further
below on the amazon.com search engine.
He was born Sep. 21, 1832 and died Jan. 28, 1893
Photograph and photograph of his grave with details.
Photographs in the Congress Library - click on it for a larger image
More photographs. Some are same but there are also new ones.
A good starting point is this biography and story of his exploits in
the civil war from Takoma.com.
Samuel Sprigg Carroll: From Gettysburg to Manor Circle
Another article from Takoma.com.
?Civil War history in Takoma Park's front and back yards
After the Civil War, and before the town of Takoma Park existed,
military officers from both sides settle on farms in the area. Union
General Samuel Spriggs Carroll has a farm near the center of town with
a large residence on Manor Circle.
Dorothy also relates with wry humor the story of General Carroll
refusing to let a neighbor's children (Cockerills) into his large
apple orchard near Rittenhouse and Third Streets in the District
because their father fought on the wrong side. General Carroll's house
was a Takoma Park fixture as late as the 1950s.
Union Brigadier General S.S. Carroll retired several years after the
war ended and built Carroll Manor on acreage he farmed in Takoma Park.
Takoma Park resident Clair Garman suggests when Carroll died, the
property was divided and sold for development. Probably the streets of
Lee, Sheridan, and Grant were named at that time; Garman believes the
home at 18 Sherman Avenue may have originally been built as a
caretaker's home on Carroll estate. In the 1950s the General's house
was reluctantly taken down but Manor Circle just off Carroll Avenue
Before I show the links for his army career, it appears his marital
life after the army was not plain sailing. These are links to
newspaper archives which detail his divorce from his wife. Payment
will be required.
Divorce filed in 1886
Helena Independent, The Thursday, April 24, 1884
Allegations of adultery (see scroll box in bottom left)
This is the amazon.com search engine references to the subject.
?General Carroll graduated from West Point in 1856 and was serving as
a lieutenant in the quartermasters department at West Point when the
war began. He accepted an appointment as colonel of the 8th Ohio
Infantry and in 1862 while still a colonel was given command of a
brigade. He was with the 2nd Corps at Gettysburg, where his
counterattacking brigade pushed the Confederates off of East Cemetery
Hill after Union General Von Gilsa's brigade broke and the batteries
of Weidrich and Ricketts were nearly overrun. This episode received
less attention than many other events of Gettysburg, but it was
another point at which the Confederate Army had grabbed at victory and
almost realized it. He received his long overdue promotion to
brigadier general on May 12, 1864. He was wounded multiple times. The
loss of his left arm (evident in the photograph) occurred May 5, 1864
during the Wilderness. Carroll is remembered as an energetic officer
with a voice that carried on the battlefield.?
?A regular appointed Colonel of the 8th Ohio, Carroll assumed brigade
command in 1862 but did not get his star until May 1864. At Gettysburg
he led a mixed brigade in Alexander Hays' division, 2nd Corps and
earned a brevet to Lt. Colonel. Carroll was wounded three times during
the war and was retired as a major general in 1869.?
?Name CARROLL, Samuel Sprigg
Born September 21 1832, Takoma Park DC
Died January 28 1893, Montgomery Cty MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, frontier duty,
quartermaster at West Point.
War Service December 1861 Col. of 8th Ohio, commanded 4th Bde/Shields'
Divn in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Mountain, wounded on the
Rapidan, Fredericksburg, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/II Corps at
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness (w), Spotsylvania
(w), May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept of
West Virginia, commanded a division of the Army of the Shenandoah.
Post War Career Army service in inspector general's department,
retired through invalidity 1869.?
Report of Col. Samuel S. Carroll, Eighth Ohio Infantry, commanding First Brigade.
Journal of the executive proceedings of the Senate of the United
States of America, 1862-1864
2/3rds of the way down
Washington, May 16, 1864.
Sir: I have the honor to propose for your approbation the
following-named person for appointment in the Volunteer force now in
the service of the United States:
* Colonel Samuel S. Carroll, of the Eighth Ohio Volunteers and
captain in the Tenth U. S. Infantry, to be brigadier general of
Volunteers, from May 12, 1864, for gallant and distinguished services
in the eight days' battles in the Old Wilderness and at Spottsylvnia
I am, sir, with great respect, your obedient servant,
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
The President of the United States.
Recommended by Lieut-General U. S. Grant, General-in-Chief of the
Armies of the United States.
I certify that there is a vacancy in the list of brigadier-generals of
Volunteers, to which Colonel Carroll can be appointed, caused by the
muster out of service of Brig'r-General Henry M. Naglee, April 4,
JAS. A. HARDIE,
Colonel and Inspector-General.
War Dept., May 16, 1864.
To the Senate of the United States:
I nominate the person named in the accompanying communication for
appointment in the Volunteer force, as proposed by the Secretary of
Washington, May 16, 1864.?
?West Point Academic Staff - 186o
2d Lieut. SAMUEL S. CARROLL, Quarter Master.?
?West Point Graduates Serving as General Officers During in the Civil War
Below is a roster of General Officers serving the Union who graduated
from the United States Military Academy at West Point.
CARROLL, Samuel Sprigg Class 1856 Class Rank 44?
Note: this differs from the Takoma article
?Journal of the executive proceedings of the Senate of the United
States of America, 1855-1858
WEDNESDAY, January 21, 1857.
Mr. Weller, from the Committee on Military Affairs, to whom were
referred, the 30th December last, the nominations of Samuel S.
Resolved, That the Senate advise and consent to the promotion and
appointment of the said persons in the Army of the United States,
agreeably to their nominations respectively.?
?8th Regt. Ohio Volunteer Infantry
Army of the Potomac
SAMUEL S. CARROLL, Colonel, promoted from Captain U. S. Infantry and
mustered in to date from Dec. 15, '61, commanding brigade from May 24,
'62, wounded at Spottsylvania, and promoted Brig.-General of
Volunteers May 12, ?64.?
Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
Numbers 54. Report of Brigadier General Samuel S Carroll, U. S. Army,
commanding Third Brigade, of operations May 3-13.
WEST POINT, N. Y., September 9, 1864.
Price?s Mill ? witness to the last days of the 1862 Valley Campaign
APRIL 27-MAY 6, 1863.--The Chancellorsville Campaign.
No. 94. --Report of Col. Samuel S. Carroll, Eighth Ohio Infantry,
commanding First Brigade.
HDQRS. 1ST BRIG., 3D DIV., 2D ARMY CORPS, May 10,1863.
Battle of Fredericksburg
Order of Battle
Battle of Cross Keys
Manuscripts for sale.
?LINCOLN, Abraham. Signed Military Commission. "Know Ye, That reposing
special trust and confidence in the patriotism, valor, fidelity, and
abilities of Samuel S Carroll, I have nominated, and by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate, do appoint him First Lieutenant in
the tenth Regiment Infantry." Document Signed "Abraham Lincoln" as
President and "Simon Cameron" as Secretary of War; September 19, 1861,
on vellum, with engravings of eagle and colors and equipment and with
blue wafer seal of the War Office. Carroll received brevets for
gallant and meritorious service at Chancellorsville, The Wilderness,
Gettysburg, and Spottsylvania, rising to the rank of Major General of
Volunteers. A fine example for a Gettysburg hero.
CIVIL WAR MANUSCRIPTS
A Guide to Collections in the Manuscript Division of the Library of
Congress (420 pages but only one reference)
Hanson, George A.
Papers, 1860-64. 4 items.
Includes a letter from Gen. Samuel S. Carroll to Gen.
Horatio G. Wright, Aug. 2, 1864, Washington [D.C.], criticizing
Gen. David Hunter for his treatment of noncombatants.
TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT OF INFANTRY.
By CAPT. FRED. H. E. EBSTEIN, 21ST U. S. INFANTRY.
?The Act of Congress approved July 28, 1866, transformed the
battalion, by the addition of two new companies, into the Twenty-first
Regiment of Infantry. Regimental headquarters were established at
Petersburg, Virginia, and the following were appointed field officers
of the new regiment: Colonel George Stoneman, Lieutenant-Colonel S. S.
May 29, 1862
Civil War documents
?Franklin Sawyer, Lieutenant Colonel, 8th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer
Infantry, Camp near Rectortown, Virginia. To Governor David Tod.
Letter stating that Colonel S.S. Carroll of the 8th Regiment, Ohio
Volunteer Infantry had been nominated for Brigadier General and
expected an early confirmation by the Senate, that should a vacancy in
the Colonelcy of the regiment thus occur, he would ask to be promoted
to said position, that he would enclose a letter from General [Nathan]
Kimball in whose brigade he had served since March and, if necessary,
letters from other officers who had served with him, and that he might
also refer to ex-Governor [William] Dennison and Judge Welker.?
I hope this answers your question. If it does not, or the answer is
unclear, then please ask for clarification of this research before
rating the answer. I shall respond to the clarification request as
soon as I receive it.