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Q: Immigration policy and job prospects in Canada vs. Great Britain vs. USA ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Question  
Subject: Immigration policy and job prospects in Canada vs. Great Britain vs. USA
Category: Reference, Education and News > General Reference
Asked by: hotpatatta-ga
List Price: $20.00
Posted: 17 Nov 2006 08:03 PST
Expires: 17 Dec 2006 08:03 PST
Question ID: 783562
From reading many of hummer-ga's Google Answers regarding Canadian
immigration policy, I feel pretty familiar with how I can immigrate to

Canada from the U.S.  But how does the Canadian immigration policy
compare with British immigration policy?  Is it also a point-based
system?  I would love to live in either Canada or Britain, but my
preference is Britain.


Also, because Canada's head of state is the British Queen, does that
mean that Canadian citizens can move to the Britain as easily as an
American can move from one state to another?

A little background on me:

I'm a 25-year old currently working on a master's degree in Library
and Information science.  I will have one year of library-related job
experience when I graduate in 2 years.

What are jobs prospects like for public

librarians in Canada vs. the United States vs. Great Britain?  And how
do salaries compare?
Answer  
Subject: Re: Immigration policy and job prospects in Canada vs. Great Britain vs. USA
Answered By: keystroke-ga on 16 Dec 2006 23:38 PST
 
Hello hotpatatta,

Thank you for your question.

Canada does function on the same type of points system that Britain
does for highly skilled workers.

A points calculator can be found here:

Canada Skilled Worker Program
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/skilled/qual-1.html

You'll need 67 points in order to emigrate to Canada, and for the UK
you'll need 75 points.

It would be more difficult to get a job with a public library in
Canada than it would in the US.  The United States has thousands upon
thousands of public libraries, and Canada does not have nearly that
number, because it has a much smaller population and fewer towns and
cities.  Speaking French would be an asset (or a requirement even) in
certain parts of Canada and would not matter in the US.  Public
librarians in Canada are usually hired from a pool of already-hired
on-call librarians and entry-level positions that are not already
spoken for can be hard to come by.  In 2004, a CBC reporter named
Alisa Siegel did a special report called "Exodus Libris" regarding the
large number of Canadian librarians who move to America to get public
library jobs.  A link to an audio file of the broadcast is on this
page of CANLIB, Canadian Librarians in America:

Need a Job?
http://library3.csudh.edu/cdales/canlib/CanLib%20Need%20a%20Job.html

Salaries for US librarians usually increase every year, although not
always at the rate of inflation.  In 2004, the average US starting
salary for a new Library and Information Science graduate was $39,079,
an increase of slightly less than inflation from 2003.  About 92% of
graduates that year responding to a survey at the end of the year had
jobs.  78.5% of those employed had full-time positions and 14.1% had
part-time jobs.  Less than 1% of the graduates held two part-time jobs
in order to equal the pay of one full-time job.  The average starting
salary for public libaries was $35,505 for women and $34,825 for men.

Canadian university librarians have a median salary of $52,707.  The
US university median was $55,600.  (Both figures are in American
dollars.)  The last time the Canadian figure exceeded the US median
was in 1996-7.  It seems clear that on average, librarians in the US
make more than their Canadian counterparts.  The average hourly salary
for a librarian in Canada is $19.93, which is higher than the national
Canadian average but much lower than the average US starting salary. 
Job prospects for librarians are rated FAIR on the Canadian Job
Futures site:

Librarians' Job Prospects
http://jobfutures.ca/noc/511p3.shtml

In addition, the federal government pay rates for Canadian librarians are very low:

Canadian Government Librarian Salaries
http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/pubs_pol/hrpubs/coll_agre/table5-9_e.asp#a4

US federal government librarians' average salaries were $74,630 as of
2005.  That is quite a difference in pay.  US librarians make nearly
twice as much as their Canadian counterparts.

In the US, median public librarian salaries are at $42,500 as of the
latest data, for 2004-2005.

Bureau of Labor and Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook
http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos068.htm#outlook

In Britain, public librarians' salaries range from  18,460 to
21,587.  In US dollars, that's $36,063-42,172.  As you can see, the
top of that range is less than the median for US salaries; US salaries
are much higher.  Senior management positions can earn something in
the range of 25,450 - 34,850, which is $49,719 - 68,083.  This is
not nearly as much as in the US, where senior public librarians in
urban or populated areas can earn over $100,000 for great jobs.  Like
in Canada, there are simply not as many public libraries in the UK as
there are in the US.  However, job prospects in this profession are
much better than in Canada.  Jobs are available mostly from cities and
towns in a public librarian capacity.

Sources:

Library Journal
"Closing the Gap?Placements and Salaries 2004"
October 15, 2005 
http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6269428.html

ARL-- Association of Research Librarians
http://www.arl.org/newsltr/240/salary.html

UK Prospects
http://www.prospects.ac.uk/cms/ShowPage/Home_page/Explore_types_of_jobs/Types_of_Job/p!eipaL?state=showocc&idno=341&pageno=2

Canadian Librarian Hourly Wages
http://jobfutures.ca/noc/511p4.shtml

CLA-- Librarian Information
http://www.cla.ca/careers/careerinfo.htm

CILIP Public Librarians' Guide
http://www.cilip.org.uk/jobscareers/salaryguides/plsg.htm

Web Journal of SLA Western Canadian Chapter
http://units.sla.org/chapter/cwcn/wwest/v7n3/news.shtml

Search terms:
immigration us to canada points
librarians average salary 2005
librarians canada average salary 2005
canada public librarians salary
uk public librarian salary
exodus libris alisa siegel

If you need any additional clarification, let me know and I'll be glad
to assist you.

--keystroke-ga
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