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Q: school uniform debates ( Answered,   0 Comments )
Subject: school uniform debates
Category: Reference, Education and News > Education
Asked by: debbovan-ga
List Price: $10.00
Posted: 19 Sep 2004 07:37 PDT
Expires: 19 Oct 2004 07:37 PDT
Question ID: 403242
I need to find out if there are any studies done on the school uniform
debate.  The more scientific or impartial-the better.  I need both pro and con.
Subject: Re: school uniform debates
Answered By: easterangel-ga on 19 Sep 2004 08:51 PDT
Hi! Thanks for a very interesting question.

Here are some articles citing research made about the pros and cons of
school uniforms.


?The only positive result for uniforms that the study showed was a
very slight relationship between uniforms and standardized achievement
scores. The correlation coefficient was 0.05, indicating a very slight
possible relationship between the two variables, but showing that
uniforms are a very poor predictor of standardized test scores and
that the relationship is much weaker than has been indicated in the
uniform debate. Notice that 0,05 is much closer to 0 than to 1.?

?Scientific School Uniform Research? (1988 Study) 

?The Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems,
Substance Use, and Academic Achievement? (the 1998 Research Article) 

?The study identified the problems that students can get into because
of their clothes and found that gang related clothing, worn
intentionally or unintentionally, can invite violence. Also, status
clothing such as team jackets and designer sneakers can lead to theft
and violence.? (1995 study)

??found that school uniforms reduce the emphasis on fashion wars and
reinforce the acceptability of more practical, less costly school
clothing.? (1996 study)

?While the impetus for positive change in the climate and academic
focus on the school includes the uniform policy, the changes cannot be
attributable solely [author?s italics] to the uniform policy. However,
positive changes have indeed occurred, and the uniform policy is one
of several variables that have caused the changes.? (1999 study)

?68 percent of parents thought that uniforms helped improve the
overall academic performance; 84 percent of parents said uniforms
promoted equality between the sexes; 89 percent of guidance counselors
thought that uniforms helped prepare students for an eventual work
environment; and 59 percent of guidance counselors said the uniform
policy created a safer learning environment.? (2000 study)

?School Dress Codes and Uniform Policies? (Page 9)

?A variety of studies show a decline in fighting and violence after
school uniform policies were implemented. California state school
crime statistics from 1993-1997, from the time the uniform policies
started through the year of the study Total crimes on campus in
elementary and middle school dowm 76%, fighting - down 51%, sex
offenses - down 93%, robbery/extortion - down 85%, chemical substances
- down 72 %, weapons or look alike weapons - down 83%, and dangerous
devices - down 96%.?

?The Debate Over School Uniform: Fighting?

- ?Decreased Gang Violence?
- ?Decreased Peer Competition?
- ?Increased School Pride and Association?
- ?Increased Positive Attitude and Environment?
- ?Economic Stress or Benefit?
- ?Lessened Theft and Violence Due to Dress?
- ?Decreased Absences/Suspensions?
- ?Increased Academic Achievement?
- ?Decreased Drug Use and Vandalism?


?Certain school districts can have economical savings as well.  If
children have a higher regard for their school, then they will take
better care of its possessions.  ?Carl A. Cohen, Superintendent of the
Long Beach United School District, claimed that that the financial
impact of these school uniform statistics resulted in savings of
$100,000. per year, because less money was spent on repairs and
clean-up due to vandalism and other damage? (Thompson, 1999, p.2).?

?Liberal Studies Page? 


??the authors saw no relationship between wearing uniforms and the
desirable behavior (reduced absenteeism, reduced drug usage, improved
behavior)? Furthermore, they saw no relationship between wearing
uniforms and the variables that do predict good behavior (academic
preparedness, proschool attitudes, and peers having proschool

?Scientific School Uniform Research? (1988 Study) 

?The Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems,
Substance Use, and Academic Achievement? (the 1998 Research Article) 

?The findings suggested that the district?s schools were safer;
however, the findings did not offer clear evidence that uniforms
decreased violence.? (1995 study)

?School Dress Codes and Uniform Policies? (Page 9)

?A common concern about mandatory school uniforms is making sure very
low-income families can afford them. In Long Beach, a number of
schools and service organizations chipped in to help ensure that the
poorest students had the proper clothing. Still, there can be problems
if districts specify only broad styles and colors rather than specific

?School uniform issue an opportunity for PPDs? 

Search terms used:   
Research studies statistics debate "dress code" research                

I hope these links would help you in your research as well. Before
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