Hi concerned mom,
First, I would like to clear up your confusion regarding consecutive
and concurrent sentencing. In concurrent sentencing the offender does
far less prison time.
For example, if a person is convicted of 3 offenses, and received; 3
years, 5 years, and 7 years; under consecutive sentencing the offender
would serve the 3 sentences separately, back to back (one eafter the
other--minus gaintime): in this example it would be 15 years, minus
1/3 for good time, he'd be out in 10 years. In the same example,
under concurrent sentencing, all sentences are "stacked," --and the
offender does the longest sentence: 7 years. He serves all three
sentences at the same time (concurrently).
Also, even though Florida does not have "parole," I want to point out
the difference between "probation" and "parole."
Read this description:
What's the Difference Between Probation and Parole?
I suggest you find your son's sentencing papers, and read imposed
sentence CAREFULLY. This is of paramount importance, here's why:
If, as you say, your son was sentenced to 10 years in Prison, AND 10
years of probation, he was in all reality, sentenced to 20 years in
Prison and 10 years of the sentence was suspended. If, during your
sons 10 years of probation, he violates the conditions of said
probation, he would be required to go back to Prison for whatever time
remained of the 10 year probationary time-period.
Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Gaintime
Your son has many opportunities to earn early release, and may in fact
earn as much as 25 days PER MONTH. Help him become aware of these
opportunities, if he is not already.
Facts, Fallacies & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Secondly, when I began researching, I was certain that your son's
prospects were good, that there were not many limitations, however,
that is not the case. Seems Florida is not the place to be convicted
of a felony and still hope to obtain virtually ANY of the licenses for
regulated professions issued by the State Of Florida. As of December
2000, the only profession that did not require felony conviction
disclosure is the Cosmetology and Barber?s license. And even that
license was being reviewed in 2001, it's likely that by now, that
application is now in uniform with all the other professional license
To make it worse, the statutes are not clear. Although convicted
felons are not specifically excluded from obtaining professional
licenses, most State Departments have taken the most rigid
This has resulted in felons being excluded from nearly ALL licensed
professions. Although the statutes don't specifically exclude felons
from becoming licensed except where the profession is in some way
related to the offense, in practice, they ARE BEING EXCLUDED. To date,
no one has challenged the State of Florida regarding this injustice.
I wish to reiterate: ALTHOUGH THERE ARE NO LAWS ON THE BOOKS BARRING
YOUR SON FROM BECOMING A "LICENSED" PROFESSIONAL, IT WILL BE A BATTLE.
Especially during his first 10 years out, while he is serving the
probation part of his sentence.
The pertinent statutes are discussed in detail here:
How Adjudication Affects One?s Life Chances;
Costs & Societal Consequences of Being a Convicted Felon
A report written by Christine Hardin for Dr. Neil Crispo with the
Askew School of Public Administration & Policy at Florida State
This document is even more valuable to you if your sons offense was in
any way drug related.
There is a list of professions here that your son will be barred from
becoming licensed in.
This is a 72 page document, and should be read by you in it's
entirety. It is very eye opening, to say the least. Note there are
marked differences between a felon still under supervision via
probation, and one who has completed his sentence and is now "out of
You have 2 choices if your son wants to obtain a professional license
in Florida. Either your son has an uphill battle to get through the
maze of hoops he will be presented with to become a licensed
professional in the State of Florida, or: don't rock the boat. He'll
have a hard enough time reintegrating into society without being that
visible and "on the radar."
Your sons best bet is to become enrolled in a trade school, full-time.
Find vocational schools that includee job placement as part of the
package. Be up-front with prospective schools about his situation.
There are many MANY trades where your son can become gainfully
employed, and where no license is necessary from the state.
Here's another page with very relevant information for you:
Florida Corrections Commission 1999 Annual Report - Impediments to
Read these section carefully:
3) d. Restrictions Regarding Convicted Offenders
4) B. 1. b. Pre-Release/Transition Skills Program
Note: "A Look Ahead, An Inmate Pre-Release Orientation Program"
I could not find a similar section in the completed 2003 report, but here it is:
Florida Corrections Commission 2003 Annual Report
As far as leaving the State of Florida to enable him to become
licensed in a regulated professional vocation, well, your son has 10
years of supervised Probation upon his release. Even if you could get
his Probation Officer to agree to transfer supervision to a new state,
THE NEW STATE must agree to supervise him. An offender must obtain
permission to travel out of the COUNTY he resides in, even for an
afternoon, let alone receive permission to live out of the STATE. It
is unlikely he will be allowed to leave the state.
That said, there are no hard and fast rules concerning this. It's
considered on a case-by-case basis. The correct person to ask is his
probation officer. Upon release, your son has 2 options. He can look
at his probation officer as the enemy, or as his advocate. If he is
doing all the right things, he will get a lot of help from his
probation officer. There are programs already in place that the P.O.
will be aware of that can greatly assist your son in school or
Also, you have given no information about what State you are thinking
of. I didn't ask for clarification from you because this is a very
vERY remote possibility. There is no escape from the 10 year
probation, even in another state, and since he is not even out of
prison yet, that is at least 13 years away. Any information I find
today might be irrelavent when that time comes.
You may find some help here:
Prison Talk Online - Florida Forum
Register here, read the forums, and post questions of your own.
If I can be of further assistance regarding post-release employment in
Florida, please don't hesitate to ask via the "Request For
Search terms used at Google:
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