Thanks for clarifying the type of thing you needed for your research.
A very useful site for information (both primary and secondary) on
Ewald and the Hessians can be found on the pages of the 2nd Company
Jager Korps site, in which Ewald served:
Hesse-Kassel Jäger Korps
The site is devoted to 2nd Company Jager Korps re-enactments, and is a
treasure trove of information on the daily life of the corps:
The first Jäger troops arrived at New York in August 1776 under Gen.
Von Heister with additional units arriving in October 1776 under Gen.
Knyphausen. By 1777 there were five foot companies and one mounted
company of Jägers in North America which were formed into a single
Korps, although they normally operated in small groups of not more
than 30 Jägers. The 2nd Jägers Company, under Capt. Ewald, arrived in
New York on 14 October 1776 and saw their first action on the 23rd of
October. As with most of the Jägers, they saw action in every campaign
in the war and can be documented in most actions of the Southern
Please spend some time exploring here, with particular attention to:
Captain Johann Ewald
Weapons of the Hesse-Kassel Jäger Korps
Uniform & Equipment
Of particular note for your purposes is the resources page, including
a list of (offline) primary resources:
Ansbach-Bayreuth Diaries from the Revolutionary War
A Hessian Diary of the American Revolution Dohla Johann
Diaries of Two Ansbach Jaegers
Eighteenth Century America: A Hessian Report on the People, the Land, the War
Enemy Views: The Revolutionary War As Recorded by the Hessian
Participants by Bruce E. Burgoyne
Georg Pausch's Journal and Reports of the Campaign in America
The Hessian Collection, Volume 1; Bruce E. Burgoyne
Hesse-Hanau Order Books, a Diary, and Rosters: A Collection of Items
Concerning the Hesse-Hanau Contingent of "Hessians" Fighting Against
the American Colonists in the Revolutionary War
Most Illustrious Hereditary Prince
Revolution in America: Confidential Letters and Journals 1776-1784 of
Adjutant General Major Baurmeister of the Hessian Forces Uhlendorf
Siege of Charleston: Journals of Capts. Johann Ewald, Johann Hinrichs
and Major General Christoph Von Huyn Uhlendorf Bernhard translator
A picture of a (slightly goofy looking) Johann von Ewald can be found here:
not quite half-way down the page.
At this site:
The Captain Johann von Ewald Diaries:
Maps of the Revolutionary War
you'll find some additional background on Ewald, as well as some
actual online materials from his diaries -- maps illustrating some of
the campaigns of the war. Unfortunately, the text from the diaries
does not seem to be available online.
I mentioned earlier that the full text of Ewald's "Treatise" is
available through an online service.
You can find it at:
If you're not familiar with Questia, you can search at this site for
no charge, and view the first few paragraphs of any texts you select.
But to see the full text, you'll have to begin a subscription at the
A search on [ Johann Ewald ] turns up the "Treatise on Partisan
Warfare" as the first result. In addition to this being a principle
primary text for your work, there are many other primary documents
cited in the introduction to the "Treatise". Here are few of
particular interest (including all the Ewald texts, even if not in
Emmerich Andreas. Partisan in War, or, The use of a corps of light
troops to an army. London: n.p., 1789.
Ewald Johann. Abhandlung über den kleinen Krieg. Cassel: Johann Jacob
Ewald Johann. Abhandlung vom Dienst der leichten Truppen. Flensburg,
Schleswig, Leipzig: Korten und Boie, 1790.
Ewald Johan. Belehrungen über den Krieg. Schleswig: J. G. Röhß, 1798.
Ewald Johann. Diary of the American War: A Hessian Journal, ed. Joseph
P. Tustin . New Haven. Yale University Press, 1979.
Ewald Johann. Folge der Belehrungen über den Krieg. Schleswig: J. G. Röhß, 1800.
Ewald Johann. Gedanken eines hessischen Officiers über das, was man
bey Führung eines Detachements im Felde zu thun hat. Cassel: Johann
Jacob Cramer, 1774.
Ewald Johann. Zweite und letzte Folge der Belehrungen über den Krieg.
Schleswig: J. G. Röhß, 1803.
Simcoe John Graves. A Journal of the Operations of The Queen's
Rangers, from the End of the Year 1777, to the Conclusion of the Late
American War. Exeter: For the Author, 1787.
Tarleton Banastre. A History of the Campaigns of 1780 and 1781 in the
Southern Provinces of North America. London: T. Cadell, 1787.
Another document of interest as a primary source, and available
through Questia, is this one:
Diary of the American Revolution: From Newspapers and Original Documents Vol. 2
Book by Frank Moore; Charles Scribner, 1860
Although Ewald himself is not mentioned in the book, there is a fair
amount of materials here on the Hessians. such as this brief excerpt:
SEPTEMBER 16. -- EARLY this morning, Lieutenant-Colonel. Simcoe, with
the Queen's Rangers, Lientenant-Colonel. Emmerick, with the chasseurs,
and a detachment of the second battalion of General De Lancey's
brigade, Lieutenant-Colonel Tarleton, with the dragoons of the legion,
and one troop of Colonel Emmerick's, and the Hessian Jagers, moved
from their respective encampments near King's Bridge.
Lieutenant-Colonels Simcoe and Emmerick marched undiscovered between
two rebel pickets, and got one mile and a half in the rear of a body
of two hundred and thirty select Virginia riflemen, strongly posted in
front on Babcock's Heights, under the command of Colonel Gist.
Lieutenant-Colonel Tarleton marched to Colonel Philip's farm. About
six in the morning, Lieutenant-Colonel. Emmerick, with the detachment
of De Lancey's, attacked the rebels, and though discovered when going
to attack, killed three on the spot...
The US Army Center for Military History has compiled a bibliography of
sources on German Participation in the Revolutionary War:
Historical Resources Branch
US ARMY CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY
The War of American Independence
The first part of the list are actual manuscripts, which would be
awfully hard to come by, but the latter part of the list consists of
published works of mostly secondary sources -- but the type that
provide a lot of primary material -- I suspect there might be works
of interest to you here.
Another military history site has a photo of a Hessian powder magazine:
and another site with a very detailed picture of a well-equipped Hessian soldier:
I would suggest exploring the www.vondonop.org site, as there's a lot
of additional useful information here.
Here's another few tidbits on Ewald, particularly interesting for his
personal motto included at the end:
Honor is like an island,
Steep and without a shore;
They who once leave,
Can never return.
Also from the Park Service, a good historical overview of Ewald and
Hessians (including a link between the Hessians and Benedict Arnold)
Note the good bibliography included here as well.
Very nice write-up here on a soldier that served with Ewald, with lots
of the type of personal detail I think you're looking for:
For instance, there's this:
On 13 January 1777, George Washington sent a letter to all Continental
Army Captains stating, "You are not to Inlist any Deserters from the
Army of the King of Britain, or Persons of Disaffected or Suspicious
Character, the American Service having already Suffered greatly by the
Desertion of such persons." This policy may have been ignored by
Captain Anthony Selin and Major von Ottendorff. Captain Ewald
reported on 10 April 1777, "we learned that a French [sic] major, Mr.
von Ottendorff, had arrived with a newly organized corps consisting of
Germans and Frenchmen for the reinforcement of the post at Bound
Brook." From the 11th until the 20th of April, Ottendorff attacked
Ewald's post near Bound Brook, New Jersey. These skirmishes between
Ottendorff's and Ewald's troops were probably very dangerous for
Bartholomey and Criselius, as it may have been possible for Ewald or
some of his men to recognize their former countrymen. Hessian
deserters, when caught, were known to have been executed.
Description of a NJ campaign in which Ewald was involved, with a lot
of detail from primary sources:
Well, I've provided a fair amount of pretty diverse materials here,
but truth be told, it's hard to know precisely what would best meet
your research needs.
I hope I've hit the nail on the head. But if not, please don't rate
this answer until I've had the opportunity to provide you with some
additional information. Just post a Request for Clarification to let
me know what you need, and I'm at your service.
Best of luck with your work.
search strategy -- Google and Google Images searches on:
[ "johann ewald" OR "johan * ewald" ]