Heat Treating 420 Stainless Steel
Category: Business and Money > Small Businesses
Asked by: ioiwra-ga
List Price: $200.00
01 Mar 2005 22:31 PST
Expires: 10 Mar 2005 15:07 PST
Question ID: 483311
Our small manufacturing company is taking on a new job that calls for a product to be manufactured from 420 Stainless Steel. We have a heat treating department but have never processed this grade of steel. We need to harden the steel and temper it to a final hardness of 51-52 Rockwell "C". It is standard in the heat treating industry to use ASM International's Heat Treater's Guide (http://www.asminternational.org/Template.cfm?Section=BrowsebyTopic&template=Ecommerce/ProductDisplay.cfm&ProductID=10852)as an authority on heat treating questions. My problem is this: The information given under the section on 420 Stainless Steel appears ambiguous or contradictory. I have two questions: 1.Assuming I use a hardening temp of 1850 degrees F and use a fluid bed quench (which is faster than air and slower than oil)what should I expect to see for a "as quenched hardness"? 2.What tempering temp should I use to obtain a final hardness of 51-52 Rockwell "C"?
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Re: Heat Treating 420 Stainless Steel
From: xcarlx-ga on 02 Mar 2005 17:45 PST
http://www.azom.com/Details.asp?ArticleID=972 (They use Brinell hardness, but you can convert it here: http://www.corrosionsource.com/handbook/mat_hard.htm ) Also see: http://www.stal.com.cn/pdffile/410420425440a.pdf 420 can come in many varieties. You should probably contact the manufacturer of the steel to find out what they say their 420 is and what they recommend for temperatures as well as the entire process (different steels have different ideal cooling rates, sometimes its more than just one number) Even if it truly is "420" with no other indications, the specs for 420 have a big range for Carbon (one of the above sources said .15 to .4).
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